Some Of The Many Different Ways Art Is Expressed

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Art is defined in the Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary Tenth Addition as skill acquired by experience, study or observation. In other words art can be described as seen through the eyes of the beholder. Many forms of art have appeared over the years and newer more abstract art of modern days is often described as contemporary art.

Art over the centuries has taken on many forms. From Leonardo DaVinci to Jim Morrison, art can be determined by the desire of others to enjoy a particular form. People have been collecting famous works of art for a long time. Today many new artists skilled from personal experience have been sharing their view of beauty throughout the world.

With society changing everyday the evolution of art has become a source of particular negative views. More and more contumacy artist are making their works available to the public and as the world changes so does the view of art.

Today’s generation of adults have experienced much political and social change, making a great amount of expressive ideas to take the form as art. Although different people can view different things while looking at art, many people have changed the form of the canvas. For example, tattooing has become increasingly popular in the twenty first century. People have discovered they can express themselves by way of a permanent tattoo on their skin. When you see someone with tattoos all over their skin you may begin to form an opinion of an undesirable person.

However, if you should sit down with a person who has many tattoos on their body you may hear a beautiful story of struggle, heartache, love or even accomplishment. People have begun to put the feelings and life views out as an artful expression in the form of a tattoo.

Another form of contemporary art is the canvas paintings and photographic expressions of an abstract nature. With so many different opinions on what is and what is not art, the artists of today are not afraid to show more impressions of the unrest over the last century. The art is more real and sometimes more graphic. Due to the graphic and sometimes explicit paintings and sculptures in recent years people struggle to find a freedom through art. Art museums and exhibits are often censored for the public. Private viewings have become the norm for explicit expressions of art.

Thanks to the variety of impressions of the world around us we can view artistic expressions in raw forms. The social and political struggles in life prove to be a place for observation of the human race that deems different styles and expressions of contemporary art. Never before in history has there been more variety of expressive art shown in contemporary art.

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Source by Gregg Hall

Japanese Paper Cutting Is Therapeutic

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Japanese paper cutting is one of those creative arts that virtually anyone can enjoy. It can be as basic or intricate as the creator would like and it’s the type of craft that allows the imagination to run free. Known in Japan as “kirigami”, it’s quickly becoming a lost art in the East, while gaining popularity in the West.

With nothing more than a piece of paper and cutting tool, a kirigami artist can create any number of beautiful images and designs. An art that anyone can enjoy, from children through to adults, there are no limits to what can be made. Perhaps only the skill level would hinder work outcome or progress but that quickly improves with more practice, time and experimentation with cuts and tools.

Therapy for the Body and Mind

Japanese paper cutting is also an art that can be very therapeutic for both the body and the mind. Whether it’s done for fun or as an experiment to see how kirigami benefits the body, it’s certainly worth a try for almost anyone.

Just as many other forms of art like painting and music help people relax and recover from different ailments, kirigami also has a powerful effect on children, teens and adults.

Physical Benefits

Japanese paper cutting can use a variety of cutting tools with scissors and scalpels being the most popular. If someone would like to work on their fine motor skills, these tools are a wonderful choice. Even simple safety scissors work well for children, especially for preschool activities since this is the age fine motor skills need practice and refining.

For adults who require therapy, start off slow with one or two simple kirigami patterns like hearts, clouds or flowers and try to experiment with different kinds of cutting tools to see which ones feel the most comfortable to use.

For children, especially preschoolers, it’s quite simple to get them interested in kirigami since they generally love to cut various materials with safety scissors. To give them something even more fun, offer a variety of safety scissors that cut different patterns. They are easily found in craft stores for scrapbooking or in the children’s school/craft section.

Mental/Cognitive Benefits

Paper cutting offers an incredible chance to release any thoughts that may be clouding the mind and focus on different creations instead. Sometimes people like to cut out a symbol or image of the things that they love as a way to forget worries and work on the things that make them happy.

This paper craft can be done as quickly or as slowly as needed. No matter what the look or effect that’s desired, this art allows the freedom to work at any pace and versatile to any changes a creator makes along the way.

Once the work is complete, there are several ways to display the work at home, work or as a gift to others. Not only is this therapeutic but it’s also an affordable solution for decor and gift add-ons.

The Japanese art of paper cutting is one that everyone should try at least once in their life. Although it may not seem like a beneficial craft, it may turn out to be one of the best.

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Source by Miho Suzuki

How to Get Your Fine Art Into a Gallery

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If you are an emerging fine artist, you may be agonizing over how to approach a gallery with your work. It can be intimidating to even the most outgoing person.

There are some general steps you should follow before approaching a gallery. They are:

  1. Have a solid body of finished work available in a similar theme or style.
  2. Prepare a portfolio complete with your Biography and your Artist Statement.
  3. Have your website up and running (gallerists want to see an updated, fresh website).
  4. Research galleries that would be the best fit for your artwork.
  5. Make a list of the galleries you wish to approach, based on your research. Then get familiar with the artists that are represented by those galleries. You want to be able to intelligently discuss the art that the gallery is showing when you do finally meet with them.
  6. Don't cold call or just drop in on a gallery. Use snail mail, a non-intrusive form of contact, to send them postcards of your newest works, and printed newsletters if you have one, until you've built up their knowledge of your work. Attend their shows, take time to support what they are doing with other artists before you ask for a meeting to consider representing you. One artist I know built up a gallery's familiarity with her by mailing postcards of new artwork she created every 2 months. Over the course of a year, the gallery knew her name and work and eventually brought her in.
  7. Understand that there are over 200,000 fine artists in the US – and there are not enough galleries! You'll have to be patient, take your time developing relationships, and not take rejection personally.
  8. After you've become familiar with a gallery and their artists, call and ask for an appointment to show your portfolio. You may get turned down – galleries get called on by artists every day – but don't despair. Continue to send postcards of your work. Keep them on your mailing list. And move onto the next gallery.
  9. When you do get a meeting, be as professional as possible. Have your portfolio, website and business cards in tip top shape. Arrive to the meeting on time.
  10. Sometimes it takes a few years for a gallery to finally represent you. So when you are told "no, not right now" keep in mind that it does not mean "no" forever. Keep the relationship cordial and friendly. And stay in touch.

Not all artists need galleries . Actually, most do not now that we have the internet. But there is some value to having your art represented; It gives you credibility, helps you reach new collectors, and allows you to have a professional location to show your work.

It takes time to find the right match in a gallery. Sometimes it can take a few years. But remember, truly successful art careers not only last a long time, they take a long time to get going. Be patient, keep creating new artwork, and you'll find a good home for your art.

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Source by Maria Brophy

Japanese Kanji Tattoos – Meaning of Kanji Characters

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Japanese kanji characters are so expressive and artistic. Basically they are ideographic characters, which means that each Kanji character represents a whole object, idea, or meaning in a visually expressive way. It is a very popular choice among those seeking Japanese style tattoo designs. With Kanji style characters, you can easily create and express nearly any meaning you want.

However, it is a good idea to keep in mind before you decide upon a tattoo that kanji is based on a different form of language and is unlike english in its construction. Be should be sure to spend time researching the authenticity of each symbols’ meaning. It could be rather embarrassing to learn later on after you have been tattooed that the Kanji tattoo you thought meant one thing turned out to be something completely different.

If you don’t speak Japanese it is very hard to find characters that say what you want and are not something that will turn heads with native japanese speakers for all the wrong reasons. Trusting a non native speaking tattoo artist is recommended either as the tattoo artist may be as much in the dark as you are. It is highly recommended that you do your research before rushing off to get a kanji tattoo character done.

Celebrities with Kanji Tattoos

Alyson Hannigan – Actress (Buffy and American Pie)

Janet Jackson – singer/actress

Kelis – singer

Alyssa Milano – Charmed TV Show

Pink – singer

Britney Spears – singer

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Source by Deku Chan

His Most Famous Painting (Metropolis) – Otto Dix

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Famous Expressionist painter, Otto Dix (1891-1969), was born in Unternhaus, Germany. After finishing elementary school he went on to work locally as an apprentice and then in 1910 joined the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts. While his early works were ‘Expressionist’ & colorful, the World Wars and their aftermaths had majorly influenced Otto’s later strong works. The most significant influencer was his experience as a machine gunner in the German army during World War I. Many of Dix’s post war paintings show what Germany looked like in the 1920s, a reality not everyone was comfortable looking at. Dix’s grotesque depiction shocked most of German society, following the war. Two subjects he particularly focused on were soldiers crippled, killed, and forgotten in the war and the large number of prostitutes spread all over German cities, with the revelers having optimal fun. His most famous painting is the triptych “Metropolis” (1928), depicting the major elements of the German society post the World War I.

The left-hand panel of “Metropolis” depicts a crippled war soldier entering a poor area of Berlin and welcomed by a line of prostitutes beckoning. A man, probably a soldier is shown lying dead on the street. The central panel of the painting shows the prosperity of the city in the so-called German “Golden Twenties,” influenced by American jazz and dance. The right panel of the creation reflects flashy and classy prostitutes searching for clients in the more affluent parts of the city, depicted by the elaborate architecture. Therefore, the two side panels of the painting reflect the contrasts coexisting in German society at the same time.

Following the war, Dix’s paintings had become increasingly political and reflected his anger on the manner in which war wounded and crippled soldiers were treated in Germany. His paintings, such as “War Cripples” (1920), “Butcher’s Shop” (1920), and “War Wounded” (1922) reflected his views clearly. Dix spent six years on what are regarded as two of his famous pieces of art, “Metropolis” (1928) and “Trench Warfare” (1932). He painted several portraits of prostitutes either in the brothels or on the street. “The Salon” is one of the more famous of his representations of prostitutes. Dix’s creations splashed the shocking aspects of German society on canvas. To add, no one could miss out the significant intricacies of the realities behind his creations. He also started doing portraiture that focused on the worse traits and the weaknesses of his sitters, irrespective of the class of society they came from. Otto Dix died in Singen, Germany, in 1969, but not before he had given the world extraordinary creations such as the “Metropolis,” which presently graces Galerie der Stadt, Stuttgart, Germany.

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Source by Annette Labedzki

The Myth of Menstruation

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Concurring with my good friend and brother, Rev. Phil Valentine (metaphysician out of New York), the female menstrual cycle is normal, but NOT natural. As the human body has the innate capabilities to adapt to pathologies, irregularities, and abnormalities, the female body (ever since the Great fall nearly 6,000 years ago and which has absolutely nothing to do with a fictitious Biblical character named Eve) has adapted to the pathology of menstruation and now uses this process as a cleansing method to rid the female body of toxins and waste. The female body has taken that which is unnatural (to bleed and lose the vital life essence) and converted that process into a normal female body function. Because of the menstrual cycle, women now have an additional eliminative channel in the vagina, bringing their total to six major eliminative channels (colon, lungs, kidneys, liver, skin, and vagina). It is because of this sixth eliminative channel that rids the female body of unnecessary waste and toxins that women generally outlive men by seven years.

Why is menstruation considered a dis-ease? Because it is not natural in nature or the wild (free). It is rare to find a mammal that lives and eats according to the laws of Nature to have a menstrual cycle. Have you ever witnessed a female horse, gorilla, elephant, buffalo, monkey, hippopotamus, giraffe, zebra, rhinoceros, or cow having a menstrual discharge? Don’t you think corporate and greedy man would have devised feminine pads and tampons for these animals to prevent the spilling and dropping of excessively large amounts of blood? Why of course corporate man would have, just like he did for Western and civilized woman so that she could continuously battle in the war zone called corporate America that was originally designed for white males. Man created pads and tampons for career females so that the menstrual cycle would not interfere with daily business activity. You see, with men, there is no so-called “natural” phenomenon that over takes the male body once a month causing a break in chores and activities. Originally, during the cycle time, women abstained from work and other daily functions. This break time due to menstruation was anywhere from 1-3 days at the most.

Menstruation is not abnormal in domesticated creatures in so-called civilization (which really means “slavery”). Just look at the house cat and dog. These creatures have a menstrual cycle, just like the social creature called woman.

For a human being, especially a mammal, to lose its vital life essence (blood) monthly, is not a natural occurrence. Blood exiting out of the body is not a natural thing. If a man goes to urinate and sees blood in his urine, he first screams in fear and then goes to the emergency room at the local hospital to see the doctor. Why? Because it’s a sign that something is wrong (if a man does urinate blood, chances are he has prostate cancer).

The life of the flesh is in the blood. Even the Bible tells us this (Leviticus 17:11). The blood contains vital elements (minerals) necessary to maintain optimal health. The blood transports the various minerals to certain parts of the body so that certain organs may work and function optimally for the sake of the being. For example, calcium calms the nerves. Potassium ensures optimal nerve transmission. Iodine regulates and ensures optimal thyroid gland functioning and activity. Iron ensures hemoglobin and is now the major carrier of oxygen (taking over this duty from the mineral “gold” which we no longer use in our modern and degenerative states of existence as third dimensional beings). Now if the blood which carries these minerals throughout the body is being eliminated out of the body for the sake of ridding the female body of toxins and waste (which the colon and kidneys could easily perform), then the organs that need and depend on these vital elements are not going to get them and the result is going to be dis-ease or lack of good or optimal health (e.g. PMS [premenstrual syndrome]).

Take PMS for example; PMS is associated with mood swings, irritability of nerves, gas (flatulence), abdominal cramps, headaches, body spasms, short term memory loss, etc. Why? Because of a lack of nutrients or organ-specific foods to these areas for proper functioning. With blood saturated in the vaginal area during the menses and exiting via the vagina, the brain is not going to get the minerals carbon, copper, calcium and potassium (at least the amount it requires). Calcium is a calmative (calming agent). It calms you down. Do you know why the animals who graze on grasses like oats, alfalfa, barley, wheat, and gotu kola are so calm? Because they contain high amounts of calcium. Animals know that God made the grass to grow for their benefit and good health. The Book of Psalms clearly tells us that, “He causeth the grass to grow for cattle,…” Do you know why elephants are said to have good memories? Because they graze on gotu kola, an herb that enhances mental acuity and stamina. Therefore, female elephants do not experience episodes of short term memory loss (nor do they develop Alzheimer’s Disease as the herb gotu kola contains bio-aluminum [organic aluminum] which attracts harmful, man-made aluminum which causes Alzhiemer’s in the first place, and rids it from the body via the blood).

With blood leaving the body during the menses, the nerves are not going to get its needed amount of potassium for proper nerve transmission. The thyroid gland (a major factor in weight gain and loss) is not going to get the necessary amount of iodine it needs to regulate body weight. And with a major loss of iron, a trace element, anemia is going to undoubtedly occur and cause a host of ill-effects such as dizziness, weakness, nausea, fatigue, frigidity (or feeling excessively cold), and brittle fingernails.

During the menstrual cycle, the female body is going to saturate the blood supply in the vaginal area to help with the menstrual cycle, and as a result, necessary minerals will not be transported in the amount needed by the other body organs and members. These minerals that are lodged in the vaginal area during the menstruation will come out in bulk in the “white” stage (leukorrheac discharge). Yes, that white discharge commonly referred to as “leucorrhea,” is full of nutrition (that nutrition which did not make the grade doing the menstrual cycle). The white discharge is considered healthy or normal due to its high mineral content and non-smelly or foul odor, whereas and in contrast to an irritating, pruritic, copious, foul-smelling green or yellow discharge, which indicates vaginal or uterine infection or other pathogenic conditions of gynecologic origin. (See Mosby’s Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 3rd edition, “leucorrhea.”)

So PMS is due to mineral deficiency, and not a curse by God on females. Medical logic suggest that PMS can be cured or corrected by counteracting mineral deficiency by giving the body more minerals before, during, and after the menstrual cycle. The best source of these minerals is raw, organic foods (fruits and vegetables) and herbs. And remember, your body has nerves that connect to every organ in your body. The gas pockets in the colon explode and press against other nerves sites in the colon (which contain 360 nerve crystals) and cause a host of other problems, especially headaches.

It is reported that the African women kidnapped and brought to America during the American slavery period (1555-1863) did not have a menstrual cycle, but a period. Yes, they only had a little drop of blood the size of a small dot, which is why it was called a “period,” that mark we make and utilize in the English language, but which is now associated with the menstrual “cycle.” The term “cycle” is now a synonym for the word “period.”

We find support of the disease nature of the menstrual cycle in the Bible in the story of Jesus healing the woman who had an issue of blood for twelve years. This account is detailed in the Book of Mark. Many Christian reverends, who do not apply or understand metaphysics, construe this issue of blood as a cut on the woman’s body that Jesus healed, but if these ignorant Christian reverends understood medical logic, science, and fact, they would know that no human being can bleed for more than a period of 12 hours without dying! If a person bleeds for 12 hours straight, we all know what happens, except for our blind Christian pastors, especially the Negro ones. We read in Mark, Chapter 5, Verses 25-34, the following: “And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years, And had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse. When she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up: and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, ‘Who touched my clothes?” And his disciples said unto him, Thou seest the multitudes thronging thee, and sayest thou, who touched me? And he looked round about to see her that had done this thing. But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what she done in her, came and fell down before him, and told him all the truth. And he said unto her, ‘Daughter, they faith had made thee whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy plague.”

Now why do you think this woman’s issue of blood that lasted for twelve years was called a “plague?” Well, what is a “plague?” The word “plague” is defined as: 1. A widespread affliction or calamity. 2. A cause of annoyance; nuisance. 3. A highly infectious, usu. fatal epidemic disease, esp. bubonic plague. (The American Heritage Dictionary, 3rd edition, Office Edition, pg. 633).

Do not most American females feel afflicted, annoyed, or nuisanced during their menstrual cycle? The answer is yes! Why do you think they take pharmaceutical drugs like Midol® during their cycle? For fun? Hell no! They are in pain or feel afflicted. Many or most of them (females) are not the same during this time, and they will tell you so, like they have told me so. They become very grouchy and irritated. Many will tell you that they are a “bitch” during this time and to leave them alone and/or don’t say a word to them, lest they slap you or punch you in the face. Why do they become like this? It is because of the calamity or the plague, as the Bible calls it.

In analyzing the Mark 5:25-34 story or parable of the woman with an issue of blood for twelve years, we must apply spiritual or metaphysical hermaneutics and exigesis. Number one, the issue of blood lasting twelve years could be no other than the menstrual cycle. It could not be a form of blood cancer (leukemia) as cancer kills usually within six months to three years. It could not have been a bleeding sore on the body because nobody can bleed daily and nonstop for twelve years. The touching of Jesus’ garments is a metaphor or spiritual symbolical meaning or action referring to Jesus’ lifestyle. A garment is what protects or covers you. Likewise, a righteous and wholistic lifestyle covers and protects you (from sickness, disease, slavery, and premature death). The woman touching Jesus’ garment meant that the woman touched (practiced) Jesus’ way of living. The “fountain of her blood” referred to her vagina. And clearly, her “faith” (in being cured by a righteous and Essenic lifestyle) made her whole (at ease and not dis-eased). It is important to note that the parable begins by saying that she suffered (took) many things of physicians (drugs) and had spent all that she had. If her issue was in fact a wound on the skin as most Negro Christian reverends suggests, a physician would have had knowledge to bandage up the wound in order to put pressure on the wound so as to stop the profuse bleeding.

Moving on in our subject matter, if menstruation is necessary and natural, and serves to expel or eliminate toxins from the female body on a monthly basis, why then does the menstrual cycle stop or go away during pregnancy? Does a toxic woman automatically become clean or nontoxic because of pregnancy? Of course not! So why does the menses halt? The answer lies in the fact of the body’s intelligence knowing that a new life is forming in the flesh and that the body will need extra nutrition for the building blocks of the new life. The body knows it loses these building blocks (minerals) during menstruation, so the body’s intelligence prevents the body from menstruating once conception takes place. So what about the process of eliminating toxins? How does the female body throw off toxins during pregnancy? The female body will utilize the first trimester (or first three months) to eliminate toxins from the mother host body via “morning sickness.” I don’t have a clue as to why this activity is called “morning sickness” because women will suffer through this sickness throughout the day – morning, noon, and night; – something to make you think about! Women will throw up (vomit, regurgitate) to help get the body clean for the baby to develop in. Some females are so toxic, that the body will dump most of the toxins from the uterine area in to the liver, which causes or manifests “eclampsia,” which is liver toxicity during pregnancy. Taking synthetic and harmful pharmaceutical drugs euphemistically called “prenatal tabs” (made with horse manure, bitumen, and coal tar) and inorganic sources of “iron” (which is derived from rusted metals such as railroad tracks) will greatly play a role in eclampsia. This synthetic and deadly “iron” [ferrous fumate and sulfate] is the cause of constipation and bloated feeling in pregnant women. Pharmaceutical companies mix this inorganic iron (humans require “organic” or “living” iron from plant sources) with inorganic sulphur. The injurious effects of inorganic mineral sulphur however, is caused by its affinity for iron and also its destruction of ferments and enzymes, and by its generation of sulphurous and sulphuric acids within the organism. It steals the iron from food and blood, forming sulphide of iron which constipates and dries up the several secretions of the digestive tract. It also steals nascent hydrogen from the fluids and tissues forming sulphuranhydride or sulphureted hydrogen. Women, this is the cause of the foul smelling gas you expel and have been revolted at, which is always given off by decaying organic matter, animal and vegetable. It is the smell of rotten eggs, putrid sores, fecal matter, and decaying flesh.

Should menstruating women engage in sexual intercourse? For health and hygiene reasons, I say no, especially if a woman is lying on her back. My reasoning is this – like the rectum, the female vagina has a “downward” spiral energy. Most eliminative channels have a downward, spiral energy (e.g. colon, kidneys). While in the sex act, the male penis strokes in and out while inside the vagina. As menstruation is a cleansing time, expelling toxins and waste from the female body, waste and toxins traveling down the vagina to the exit or opening of the vagina will eventually be pushed back up into the uterine area by the stroking male penis, and especially if a man is stroking or penetrating hard, fast, and deep with his sex organ. This is something to think about. Plain and simple, it is unhygienic and unhealthy and poses a serious health risk.

In closing, what can a female do to offset the side effects of the “plague” (menses)? The answer is found in the Bible in Psalms 104:14. It clearly states, “He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth.” Plain and simple!

To replenish the body of the necessary nutrients (minerals), consume herbs such as alfalfa, sheep sorrel, suma, rooisbos, rose hips, watercress, parsley leaf, moringa or karela seed, barley grass, wheat grass, nettle leaf, and spinach leaf. These herbs provide almost every mineral the body needs.

Also, consume sea weeds such as kelp, dulse, spirulina, chlorella, Irish Moss, bladderwrack, Blue-Green Algae, Iceland Moss, and red marine algae. Sea weeds are the best and most nutritious foods you can eat, and provide your body with everything you need (oxygen, minerals, protein, etc.) and are an excellent source of organic “iodine” (thyroid gland food).

Natural sources rich in “iron” include: yellow dock root, burdock root, dandelion root, elderberries, red raspberry leaf, rooibos, and mullein leaf. Green vegetables such as parsley, greens, chives, and spinach are also great sources of iron. Blackstrap molasses (unsulphured) also provides a good amount of iron.

Natural sources of “calcium” include: comfrey root (don’t believe the hype about liver toxicity), oatstraw, horsetail, and red raspberry leaf. All green leafy vegetables are good sources of calcium (if you juice or lightly steam them).

Herbs to coagulate the blood and stop excessive bleeding include: goldenseal, cranesbill (alum root), dragon’s blood, manjistha, musta, shepherd’s purse, lady’s mantle, yarrow, cayenne, Solomon’s seal, barberry, and heal-all herb.

Herbs to regulate and normalize the menstrual cycle and flow include: maca, black cohosh, blue cohosh, dong quai, mugwort, red raspberry leaf, wild yam root (best and highest source of natural progesterone), squawvine, false unicorn, chaste tree berries, lycii fruit, red clover tops (best and highest source of natural estrogen), licorice root, sarsaparilla, and angelica.

Herbs that counteract menstrual cramping and spasms include: beth or birth root, crampbark, fennel seed, anise seed, and wild yam root.

Herbs that counteract menstrual related pain and headaches include: white willow bark, black willow bark, feverfew, meadowsweet, birch bark, wood betony, wild lettuce, peppermint, wintergreen, and woodruff.

Herbs that help soothe the nerves during the menstrual cycle include: nerve root or lady’s slipper, kava kava, jatamansi, valerian root, lavender flower, passionflower, hops, skullcap, chamomile, and linden flower.

Herbs that give energy for fatigue during the menstrual cycle include: ginseng (all species), ashwagandha, schizandra berries, jiwanti, yerba mate, green tea, suma, codonopsis bark, kola or bissey nut, and guarana seed.

Herbs for mental stimulation during the menstrual cycle include: gotu kola, gingko biloba, bringraj, ashwagandha, ginseng, holy or blessed thistle, kola or bissey nut, yerba mate, and guarana seed.

Herbs that counteract constipation during the menstrual cycle include: senna leaves and pods, cascara sagrada, buckthorn, aloe vera resin, rhubarb root, jalap root, bibitaki, mandrake, black walnut hulls, poke root, slippery elm bark, Irish moss, guar gum, acacia gum, and psyllium Husks.

Herbs that strengthen the uterus during the menstrual cycle include: ashoka, squawvine, false unicorn, pumpkin seed, cocculus root, and saw palmetto.

Natural remedies to counteract breast soreness and tenderness during the menstrual cycle include: (oils) [internally and externally] evening primrose oil, borage oil, black currant oil; (externally – massaged into breasts) olive oil, coconut oil, shea butter, sweet almond oil, avocado oil, grapefruit seed oil, rose hip seed oil; (essential oils that can be added to breast massage oil) fennel seed oil, clary sage, grapefruit peel oil, and rosemary; (herbs) saw palmetto berries, honeysuckle flower, red raspberry leaf, red clover tops, yew tips, poke root, wild indigo, and red root.

Herbs that counteract eclampsia during pregnancy include: white peony bark, deer tongue herb, milk thistle seeds, dandelion root, burdock root, carbon (activated charcoal), uva ursi, grapevine leaf, and Oregon grape.

Djehuty Ma’at-Ra is an herbalist and researcher located in the Glendale area of Los Angeles, California and can be reached via e-mail at djehutym@juno.com

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Source by Djehuty Ma’at-Ra

Handmade Card Making Supplies

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Most of the handmade card making supplies mentioned here, you probably already have, either on hand or around the house. Don't run out to the store and buy them before looking around …

I'm sure you'll find card making supplies that you can use to create your very own creative cards …

Below are card making supplies I've listed that most people use to create cards …

Paper

Discover card making paper supplies.

Different types of paper you can use to be creative …

You can walk into any craft store and see that they have big varieties of all sorts of paper, from plain to glitter to decorative to extra thin rice paper. It's an endless choice …

I sometimes can't resist the temptation of buying all these different types of paper, but in the end they intend to be costly! You figure they range from 59 cents to 1.99 per single sheet! That's crazy!

I like to be budget minded and get more for what I am spending. It's good to do bargain with different craft stores before making a purchase. But some of us, have to go out of our way to do so! …

Tip: Use what you have and wait for sales and discounts …

Card making paper supplies can be bought in bulk, stocks and kits. Sometimes we see the kits and we only want certain designs or textures. Then we turn to individual paper and you end up spending $ 20 for 20 sheets when you can spend $ 20 and get 200 sheets.

I learned that when you buy it by the pack you not only save, you find the use of all the other creative designs for future cards!

Tip: Always keep your scraps. They come in handy for decorative punches, collages and even your envelopes! Use your scraps to decorate your envelopes … So you'll never waste or throw away paper!

After awhile paper can be costly, so try to make every use of it, by recycling them and reusing them for other projects!

Purchasing card making paper supplies …

Card Stocks

They are more ridged than paper. They can be glossy, regular mats or adhesive mats, textured or glittered. You can buy them already cut or as a whole sheet. They offer card stocks by dark colors, pastel or by themes, school, baby and so fort and range from different sizes

Card Kits

Card kits are pre-folded card stocks. Same as basic blank cards. They come with matching envelopes.

Some Craft stores also offer kits with decorative paper and die-cuts for a flat price ranging from 3.99 to 5.99! These are good for gifts, beginners or even kids!

Card making paper supplies are everywhere … Get them at any craft stores near you or here online …

There are many creative projects you can create using different types of paper …

I hope you found this site helpful for your creative card ideas!

Remember, Many trees are being cut down to help us create our creations! Please Recycle!

Envelopes

Create homemade envelopes that match your creative cards … Instead of giving standard size envelopes that are plain. Why not use your left over scraps to decorate it … Turn your envelopes into a work of art!

Tip: If you are mailing your creative cards, be sure not to decorate over the places where we would write the address to and from and where the postal stamp goes. Be sure to weigh it before mailing it out as the postage may vary!

One day I had left over scraps from creating a birthday card. I said to myself, I don't want the card to be very nice and the envelope will look very plain. So I decided to take all the scraps I had left over from that one birthday card and created my very own unique envelope!

You can do almost anything with your envelope, by using multiple handmade card making supplies.

Cutting Mat / Craft Knifes / Scissors / Trimmers

When creating cards, good cutting tools are important. Here are some basic card making tools you'll need to get a neat professional look.

Cutting – Mat

Cutting Mats come in various sizes and are available at any craft stores. Choose one that is big enough for cutting big sized paper. I have a 23inches x 23inches blue mat with measurement squares that I have placed on my work table. It's a perfect size!

Tip: You might consider purchasing a smaller one for travel or smaller pieces of paper

Craft Knife / Scissors

Craft knives and scissors is a must for card cutting tools. Many crafters like myself like to use X-Acto craft knives. It is great for detailed paper cutting or to cut big sheets of paper

For those who have difficulty handling sharp knives, I would advise that you use an X-Acto knife that is safer than a surgical scalpel.

Tip: I found out that many crafters go to local medical suppliers and purchase KAI no. 3 surgical knife and blades, that intend to last quite some time

Scissors is another type of cutting tool that vary in fancy designs. It is use for basically all cutting purposes. Use a big pair for cutting big sheets and use a small sharp one for cutting small, detailed pieces of work …

Important: Please keep all sharp objects away from children!

Tip: If you don't have any caps for your knives use bottle corks. It will prevent any type of incident

Paper Trimmers / paper Cutters

A paper cutter is another one of my daily cutting tools. It is good for cutting photos, precision cutting and different sizes of paper. I use it to pre-cut big sheets of paper to direct sizes for all my card making.

I hope you find the right cutting tools you need to make neat professional cuts for all your creative cards!

Adhesives / Tapes / Glue sticks

Adhesives, tape and glue sticks are basic handmade card making supplies needed for most creative card projects. Whether you do a collage or just a simple creative photo card … More Info

Finding the right card making glue and adhesives is important. You want your creative cards to last as long as possible and with the right glue and adhesives, you will help ensure that!

Here is a guide to help you choose the right card making glue and adhesives that you can find in any craft store.

Understand the differences between types of glues, tapes and spray adhesives … I did not list any particular brand to use as everyone prefer different types.

Use this guide to experiment your own brand of one and use it to your budget needs and one that fits your type of project!

Let's begin …

Double-sided Adhesive Tape

When we here tape most of us think Scotch tape. Double sided adhesive tape is great for photos and sticking paper to paper.

Many scrap bookers and myself like to use this type of tape. It can be costly. I prefer not to use to many double sided tape for card making. Only when creating creative photo cards.

Tip: Scotch tape can be used for all creative card making, if you prefer to use single sided tape!

Glue Sticks

Glue sticks are CHEAP and easy to use. It various in size that range from glue stick pens to wide dispenser type of glue sticks. There are also colored glue sticks that help, especially when working with kids.

I personally don't like to use glues sticks when creating cards because it's not permanent. It does not stick as well, neither does it bond very securely. I prefer, you use other types of card making glues and adhesives. But this is Great for kids!

Hot Glue

Hot glue comes in the form of solid sticks of glue that are put through a glue gun to be heated and used. I use hot glue guns for all my card making crafts. It is great for embellishments (like buttons & flowers, etc …) and I save money comparing to buying tape …

Glue guns are relatively cheap, you could get a glue gun and glue sticks at most craft stores from $ 3 – $ 10. Glue sticks usually comes in packages of 25 -100 for a few more dollars.

The glue will create spider like strings, but don't worry it can be easily rubbed off. They also offer glitter glue sticks that can be used with your hot glue gun, otherwise it's clear …

Rubber Cement

Rubber cement is thick and creamy glue that dries clear. It can form either a permanent or temporary bond depending on how it is applied

It comes in a dark brown jar and a cap with a attached brush applicator. It can be messy and is ideal for all paper crafting. I personally don't use it for any creative cards as I've always been unlucky with it sticking permanently. Also the smell can be overwhelming after an extended period of time

Self Adhesive Foam Mounting Squares or Circles

Self adhesive foam are usually made of thick foam and are sticky on both sides. They come in various sizes. I don't use any of these!

TIP:

For budget minded people: I buy regular foamies that are 2mm thick and cost me only .49 cents! For a sheet sized at 9 x 12. I cut them to however size or shape I need it, then I add some glue from my glue gun and it's good to go! I buy 2 sheets of white or black and it lasts me for est. 30 cards

It's great for 3-d effects and to make anything you want to pop! You can stack it on top of each other for additional height. Also great for lettering.

Spray Adhesive

Spray adhesive can be used for paper, photos even fabric. I've never used spray adhesive for any of my creative cards because I feel it is better to use it for larger projects such as posters, large photos, or creative boxes.

I have seen it done by other card lovers! And it turned out just fine. Hopefully I'll get to feature a card using spray adhesive. So check back for that link and I can share all about it with you!

Tacky glue

Tacky glue is one of many card making glue used to create cards. It is durable then regular Elmer's glue. It dries clear and creates a long lasting bond. Make sure to read the label to see what type of materials it is best used with.

Tip: If you are in a rush or hurry to get a card done. Do not use tacky glue. It takes a long process to dry and recommend it dry over night.

I don't like to use it on my cards because when it dries, you can see the creation of the glue right through the paper.

Glue pens

Glue pens are great for precision gluing. It works well with glitter and for more detailed designs.

Glue Dots / Glue Roller

There are many different sizes of glue dots and many varieties of glue rollers. They are really great because they are not messy and are really sticky. I don't like to use them because they become very costly. But it's a great expensive glue for your creative card creations!

UHU Glue

UHU glue comes in both tube and stick. Many prefer to use this as their brand of one because it sticks better than others. All access glue can be rubbed off after it dries, using a clean pencil eraser. I've never tried it, but I've read very great reviews about it!

Ink and Ink pads

Ink and inkpads are mainly used for all rubber stamping and scrap booking purposes.

Now you can create different techniques just by knowing what type of ink and inkpads work best for you!

Use this guide to help you decide what type you should use best with your type of projects …

When I first started I used basic colors. I suggest for beginners, you might just like to use the following colors also:

* Black

* White

* Green

* Red

* And Blue

Below are 6 types of ink I am familiar with using …

Versa Color Ultimate Pigment Ink is a great cheap choice. It works really well and I like to use it for many of my creative cards.

Studio G Acid Free Pigment Ink can always be found on sale. I bought these for a $ 1 and it works great with little design stamps. When times are hard this is the way to go for the cheapest inkpads

Versa Mark Watermark Stamp pad is a must own. I use this type of inkpad for all of my rubber stamping creations. With it you can create very cool looking watermarks on both cards and envelopes.

Brilliance Pigment Inkpad creates a unique look of stamped images. I hardly use this type of ink. But are often used by many card lovers.

Stazon Inkpads are solvent inkpads and will definitely stain the rubber. It can be used for any surface like stamping on plastic.

Tip: Use baby wipes to clean all your stamps.

You might also like Memories Acid Free Dye Ink pads. This type of ink pad is made especially for Hero Arts Shadow Stamps. I like to use soft vanilla and soft leaf. I don't recommend the use for gold and silver because the finished look, intend to be awful. You can decide!

Decorative Punches

I hardly use any decorative card punches, but I know many creative card lovers that do and they love it!

Some have such intricate designs that many just love to use it to create handmade cards.

When you first begin making homemade cards, you will just have to get a few. I personally have never bought any because they just cost too expensive.

But these decorative designs can last you a lifetime and once you start to use them you'll notice their so easy to use and fun to create designable cards with!

Here are some of the basic patterns you might like:

* Corner punches or corner rounder. There great to use if you like to round off your corners. I like to use them with photos.

* Basic Shape punches. Squares, diamonds, circles, triangles, rectangles, hearts etc … They also vary in size.

* Long reach punches. Allows youto punch deeper into the inside of a card or any craft project.

* Leaves and flowers: If you love floral designs. They have a great selection on leaves and flowers that you can use for any garden or floral card ideas you have in mind

* Punch Aid. This is a great tool especially for those that love to punch a lot. I have a friend who owns one and she loves this tool. It's one of her favorites.

Card Making Embellishments

Use this guide below to see some of the many creative card making embellishments you can use on your creative cards …

There are many things we would like to consider using on our cards. Here are some card making embellishments that you can use to add glamor, and 3-d effects to your card creations.

Many of these embellishments are like stickers, eyelets, tassels, glitter, and many more.

Creative Card Making Embellishments:

* Eyelets: There are many ways you can use eyelets. It is great for attaching clear plastic, vellum, and tags to any homemade card. You can use it for your hole punches in your card and weave wire through it.

* Brads: They are similar to eyelets but brads don't have a hole through them. There also great for attachments and tags. Some come in decorated designs like flowers, buttons and snowflakes. They also come in color coordinate with seasons.

* Buttons: Before throwing out any loose buttons. Keep them. They make great card embellishments for any card. I used them in a creative Christmas card idea, and strung them on the tree as ornaments. So don't throw them out.

* Alphabet Beads: You can string names, words or sayings for example … "LOVE" or "BABY", birthday, wedding or even personal names.

More creative card making embellishments …

* Fibers: Look for any fibers you might have laying around or just so happen to come across. They are great for hanging tags, lining envelopes, stringing letters like your alphabet beads and creating bows.

* Metallic Threads: They come in many different colors and are great for creating creative tassels. You can also use them to create embroidery cards.

* Ribbons: I love to use ribbons to line my envelopes with or make bows. You can attach ribbons to any of your creative homemade cards.

Tip: You can find many card embellishments to use, like in your closets, drawers, storage bins. Remember to look before you throw away everything. Even tell friends and family they might have some things you could recycle and use for your card making embellishments.

Rubber Stamping

All about rubber stamping supplies.

Below are some of the most common creative rubber stamping supplies and tools we've either used or are going to use when creating creative cards.

Rubber stamps comes in many variety ways: Clear stamps, wood stamps, felt stamps and even eraser pads that you can create stamps out of.

I personally don't like to use stamps as much. I feel that stamps can only be used in so many ways and they only have so many designs before many will be using the same stamps.

Although rubber stamping can become addictive when you start creating creative cards. You'll want to own every design out there and every image for every occasion.

Creative rubber stamping supplies come in shapes, images, alphabets and can be worked with for many different creative card ideas.

Here are techniques you can use with all your rubber stamps:

You can do:

* Embossing

* Wrapping paper

* Water Marking

* Simple stamping

* Decorating envelopes

* Backgrounds

* And many more!

Here are some of the basic creative rubber stamping supplies that will do with any card making.

Remember, you do not need all of them some can even be substitute with items around the house.

* Clear Stamps: Clear stamps can in deed be costly. Most of them don't even come with clear blocks for you to put your stamp on and create clear images. So before buying clear stamps think of its costly price.

* Wooded Stamps: They are the most common stamps that have been around for many years. Their cheap and some come with out wooded blocks, but that is okay because some don't need them. They have a wide range of variety selections to choose from. This is where you would like to start. Here is a guide on recommended ink and ink pads.

* Roller Stamps: I like to call them roller stamps, because they roll out beautiful borders on your cards. They are great for creating borders on tags, cards and envelopes.

Tip: Use baby wipes to clean all your rubber stamps. Rinse them and leave it to dry. Don't buy expensive rubber stamp cleaners as they do not work as good as baby wipes. It gets it clean!

Creative Rubber stamping Tools …

* Heat Gun: The Milwaukee heat gun is one of the most favorable heat gun used for embossing. It is inexpensive and it does the job well. I've known of people who actually use hot plates which can be sufficient, but I wouldn't want to take the chance of burning any cards.

* Brayer: They brayer is very useful when creating creative cards. It is create for creating background on any card or envelope or any creative project you have in mind. Roll it on any multicolor ink pad, get it evenly on the rubber and roll away! You probably would want to include this tool on your creative rubber stamping supplies list if you do not own one yet.

* Embossing Markers: You can apply them directly to your rubber stamps using different colors for the image. Let them dry and then add your embossing powder on them. Then use them and apply them to your cards. I've learned that clear embossing powder works best!

Tip: Be sure to store your markers in a cool place to avoid drying out.

Today there are many rubber stamping companies with their own in house artist that design such images. Check out all the different companies and see which type of rubber stamps will work best for you.

Once you make an investment in stamps there are many enjoyable projects you can do with them and they will last you a very long time.

I hope all these handmade card making tools were helpful to you !. Don't think you have to go out of your way to purchase all of this. Start small and once you get into doing your very own favorite hobby rather it is card making or scrapbooking, slowly you'll start to collect many of these supplies. And before you know it you'll have quite a collection! Have fun and enjoy creating creative crafts.

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The Difference Between the American Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Modern Art

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New York is home to a number of popular tourist destinations. If you haven't done your research, it could take you hours to decide which places would most likely tickle your fancy. If you're into arts and history, however, there are two places that would stand out in your options: the American Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Modern Art.

Each of these tourist spots is famous in its own way. Each offers a variety of activities that is just as memorable as the ones the other offers. It's simply a matter of personal choice that would make one more enjoyable that the other. Let me point out some major differences between these 2 famous museums.

We, start with the Museum of Modern Art also known as MoMA. This holds renowned art collections from world-class painters like Vincent van Gogh who created The Starry Night (1889) and Claude Monet who painted Reflections of Clouds on the Water Lilies (1914-1926).

The Museum of Modern Art is also known to house an unparalleled art exhibits that offer every visitor a comprehensive overview of the modern and the contemporary eras, from innovative European paintings and sculptures of the 1880's up to today's films, designs, and other aspects of performing arts.

The museum's amenities and galleries are just as marvelous as the precious collections it holds. The scenic elements inside include the relaxing ambiance of the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden; a combination of modern sculptures, fountains and seasonal plantings. William Kentridge's Five Themes collection is an exhibit that features ambivalent yet alluring subjects that are surely worth seeing. Other must-see venues include Picasso's Themes and Variations, Henri Cartier-Bresson's, The Modern Century, and the PS1 Contemporary Art Center.

As for the American Museum of Natural History, it is known for its modern and historic galleries and exhibits. The museum is also voted as the number 1 attraction in New York by a family travel guide. The museum also has the most significant collections of dinosaur fossils in the world.

The American Museum of Natural History has galleries and exhibits that will give you an exciting experience, such as the planetarium space show, Rose Center for Earth and Space, Hayden Planetarium Space Show, Anne and Bernard Spitzer Hall of Human Origins, and the Fossil Halls that will make you marvel every time you drop by.

Given the different levels of art that each of these offer, I'd say both the American Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Modern Art are worth taking a tour! They may have different exhibits and collections, but then they can offer a great time and experience that will make anyone keep coming back for more!

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Afro Cuban Art and Grupo Antillano

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In a country as racially diverse as Cuba, it is surprising that, for a long time, Afro Cuban art was not looked upon as desirable. After the revolution, Santeria and other African religious and cultural practices were deemed primitive and counter-revolutionary. This was especially the case in the 70s, during a period of severe censorship in all areas of artistic and cultural life on the island.

In 1978, a group of artists rebelled against the state censorship and formed an art collective under the name Grupo Antillano. Even though the group was active for only five years, it helped establish Afro Cuban art as part of national identity. Most members of the group were painters – Adelaida Herrera Valdés, Julia Valdés, Manuel Mendive, Leonel Morales, Miguel Lobaina, Ever Fonseca, Clara Morera, Manuel Couceiro Prado, Arnaldo Rodríguez Larrinaga, Pablo Toscano Mora, Miguel Ocejo, and sculptors – Herminio Escalona Gonzales, Rogelio Rodríguez Cobas, Ramón Haití, Rafael Queneditt Morales, Alberto Lescay Merencio, Oscar Rodríguez Lasseria, with Esteban Ayala Ferrer working primarily in graphic design. The main driving force of this artist collective was Wilfredo Lam, a world renowned painter of African and Chinese descent. The first exhibit of Grupo Antillano was held in September of 1978 in Galería Centro de Arte Internacional, with seven more to follow in the same year. In the next four years, the group exhibited throughout Cuba and internationally. Shortly after Lam’s death in September of 1982, Grupo Antillano ceased to exist as an artist collective and their last group exhibit was an Homage to Wilfredo Lam in September of 1983.

A retrospective exhibit under the name “Drapetomanía: Grupo Antillano and the Art of Afro-Cuba”, curated by Harvard professor Alejandro de la Fuente, first opened in Santiago de Cuba in April 2013, continued on to Havana in August of the same year, in the Spring of 2014 will be on display in New York, in the Fall of 2014 in San Francisco and in the Spring of 2015 in Harvard University. Besides showcasing works of original members of Grupo Antillano, the exhibit also includes works by a younger generation of artists who share the same concerns with the original members – issues of history, identity and race. The group of contemporary artists invited to participate in this retrospective includes Belkis Ayón, José Bedia, Eduardo Roca Salazar (Choco), Juan Roberto Diago, Douglas Pérez, Elio Rodríguez Valdés, Alexis Esquivel, Andrés Montalván Cuéllar, Santiago Rodríguez Olazabal, René Peña, Marta María Pérez Bravo and Leandro Soto.

All of these artists – the original members of Grupo Antillano, as well as contemporary Afro Cuban artists, are helping promote this important aspect of Cuban national identity, in visual arts and everyday life. Through their art, which is greatly influenced by African roots of many Cubans, they show us the essence of the unique and constantly evolving Cubanidad*.

* A concept that originated in the 1920s to explain the multicultural and the multicolored people of Cuba.

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Source by Ljiljana Nesic

Japanese Woodblock Prints – Collecting Ukiyo-e Art

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How many times do you visit an art museum and say to yourself, “I wish I could own that picture?” We all think that art investment is the preserve of the super rich, that Sotheby and Christie are for other people not ourselves. Well, that’s not actually true. Obviously an Andy Warhol or a Van Gogh will stretch most pockets, but there is great art out there, rich in history, beautiful to look at and best of all, because art of the past is a finite resource, an investment that will hold its value.

For me, the woodblock prints of nineteenth century Japan fit the bill for premium low cost investment just perfectly. I run an online gallery that exclusively sells Japanese prints of this period, or ukiyo-e as it is called. I guess I’m biased but I love this work so much (I’ve been a collector all my life) that I not only want to sell the work, I also want to publicise, show it, write about and even make films about it.

First a little bit about the work. For those who think they are unfamiliar with Japanese prints, I’m sure that you will have seen the great wave by Hokusai crashing across drinks coasters or greetings cards, or else the red sides of Mount Fuji on a fridge magnet or poster somewhere. This type of art is actually more visible than you might think. Right now, there are major ukiyo-e exhibitions at national galleries in London, Boston, Oxford and Brooklyn to name just a few.

There’s a lot of history to cram into a short article, but simply put: the Japanese made woodblock printing their principle visual art for two or three hundred years. Japan was isolated at this time and the style of work, the method and the subject matter developed in a strict and easily identified way. The process itself is very complicated and hugely skillful, involving an artist making a drawing and a craftsman carving anything up to twenty blocks of wood from the drawing and printing each block by hand onto paper in separate colours. The final result of the process is an edition of exquisite, many coloured prints.

Subjects can include warriors from history, myths and legends, beautiful women, landscape, poetry or most commonly the great actors and performances of the kabuki theatre. Everything is rich in colour, visually arresting and each print has a story to tell. What about costs and investment though?

Art investment is a little like real estate. You can buy property because you like it or you can buy it because you want to see it rise in value. The ideal is to buy property that you like which is also going to give you a return. So it is with art. Contemporary art is a minefield; there are so many people making things, so many objects in the world and no real measure of what’s hot and what’s not. At the high end, the risk is less daunting because there’s an elaborate network of dealers and collectors to stabilise the market and point you in the right direction. But high end contemporary art is wildly expensive and still attracts risk.

More sensible is to pick a niche genre that you like, where the artist or artists are dead and where there’s a track record of market price and a consensus about value and quality. This is why Japanese prints are such a good buy at the moment.

Like in property, there are high premiums for top pieces which rapidly increase in value and quickly become unaffordable and as a result, ripples spread outward and the market follows in the wake of soaring prices at the heart. For years the market and the experts were obsessed with the classical period of Japanese art, the seventeenth and eighteenth century.Prices for artists such as Utamaro, Sharuku or Hokusai reached astronomical levels. For example an Utamaro print fetched $311,679 in 2002. Naturally the market needed to expand and Hiroshige, the famous nineteenth century landscape artist now commands up to $30,000 – $40,000 for a single print. Increasingly the prints of the nineteenth century have become highly valued and artists such a Kuniyoshi and Kunisada now command high prices. Scarcity of classical period pieces now means that there is increasing interest in this Edo period art making it an excellent time to invest in what is now appreciated as very fine art of the highest order.

One thing people notice is that prints by the same artist vary widely in price… why is this? Condition is very important, remember these are fragile things and it sometimes seems miraculous that they have survived at all. Prints are prone to fading, attack by worms and insects, water damage, damp, fire and careless handling and excess trimming. Condition is paramount for value but also certain prints by artists are considered to be of exceptional artistic value, others are rare because the editions were very small. If you buy from reputable dealers however, then market value will on the whole be fairly reflected in the price. Most of all buy prints because you like them; a good dealer will provide lots of information on a piece: the date, subject matter, who is depicted and so on. Information like this enriches the experience of ownership enormously. It is also possible that your print will be in a significant museum collection; the MFA in Boston has thousands of ukiyo-e prints many of which are online. With an artist like Utagawa Kuniyoshi, there a large number of major exhibition catalogues, coffee table books and so on which may have your print illustrated.

Japanese prints are a world of magical narrative and beauty…take time to look at them and maybe visit Christies on line and look at prices to reassure yourself of the market. I’ve put a link below to our own gallery, the Toshidama Gallery and also a link to our blog which has articles, videos and image resources. Please contact us if you have any request for information on this rich and wonderful art.

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Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Alex Faulkner

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