Artwork Analysis: ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ by Pablo Picasso

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Pablo Picasso’s complete name is Pablo Ruiz Picasso. He was of Spanish origin and was born in 1881 and died in 1972 at the age of 91. Picasso is regarded as one the greats in the field of modern art. He is credited with being the co-founder of the Cubist movement which is an early 20th century avant-garde movement. Picasso shares credit for this movement along with Georges Braque. Later other notable artists like Jean Metzinger, Albert, Robert Delaunay Henri and Juan Gris joined this movement and revolutionised European art.

Love with Marie Therese Walter

Pablo Picasso was an emotional man. In 1927 he met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter who was then only 17 and fell in love with her, though he was already married. He fathered one daughter from her, but never divorced his wife.

Marie Therese and her Effect “Nude, Green Leaves and Bust”

During the period Picasso had his affair with Marie-Therese, she exerted a deep influence on him, though this did not deter him from having affairs with other women, some of them nearly four decades younger than him. During the period Marie was his muse and love he painted a series of paintings with her as his center piece. The first of these paintings titled ‘Nude, Green Leaves and Bust’ was painted in 1932. Marie was the inspiration behind these paintings. The painting is fairly large and stands over five feet. It is painted in blue and lilac colors and brings out Picasso’s deep passion for Marie who was 29 years younger than him.

The War Years

Around this time Picasso had become friends with a French-Jewish art dealer named Paul Rosenberg. Picasso was staying in France at this time. War clouds were gathering over Europe and Rosenberg took an excuse of exhibiting the work in New York and shipped the painting out of France in 1939. This was a sane step as Picasso was not in favor with the Nazi’s who had occupied France. Picasso remained in France during the war years, while his painting remained in the United States.

History of the Painting after the war

Rosenberg put the painting on display at his gallery on East 57th street. The painting was bought by Francis Brody in 1951 and after that went out of public display. It was displayed only once in 1961 on the 80th birthday of Picasso. Francis Brody died in 2009. After his death the painting was put on auction in 2010 by Christies in New York City. The painting was auctioned for $106 million which was a record price at that time.

Analysis of the Painting

Nude, Green leaves and Bust‘ is Picasso’s deep passion for his blonde mistress Marie. The girl it appears was infatuated with Picasso despite his many affairs. She committed suicide after his death. A tragic end to a tale of love. There is no doubt that the painting which is now displayed on loan at Tate gallery was inspired by the young mistress of Picasso.

Picasso greatly liked philodendron leaves. He represented them in his painting of Marie by showing they emanated from her side.

The painting of Marie is one of Picasso’s finest works and in it he has left an endearing image of a girl who gave everything up for him.

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Source by Madan G Singh

The Inspiration of Dragonball and Dragonball Z

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With Dragon Ball Z (or “Dragonball Z”) hitting the top of the anime series charts, many anime fans have asked what it was that inspired the artist to create this truly exciting series. Dragon Ball Z has taken the world by storm and there is no question that Japanese manga artist, Akira Toriyama created an anime series that has been pure pleasure for fans throughout the world. The Dragon Ball series has sparked the creation of dozens of best-selling video fighting games, popular the world over. Not only can you buy the Dragon Ball video games, including Dragon Ball GT, there are also myriad sites to obtain cheats and walk-throughs for all the games.

But what inspired this incredible mixture of fantasy and imagination? What has taken Dragon Ball beyond others for anime fans and placed it at the top of the ranks? What are its roots?

As a child, Akira avidly watched anime, a style of Japanese video cartoon animation. When he was 10 years old, he moved into manga, which is the Japanese word for comics. He assimilated his inspiration from other sources as well. Growing up as a Jackie Chan fan, a key stimulus for Dragon Ball was Jackie Chan’s first movie, Drunken Master.

How did he come to make it in the manga world? It all started with submitting a story to a monthly contest for amateur artists, and although he didn’t win, the editor later hired him. After a year of hard work, he became a pro. Doing manga, he feels, can bring out his individuality since he creates both the story and the art.

The incredibly illustrated attacks that come to fruition in Dragon Ball Z were inspired by an ancient art in China, Chi (also spelled Ki), which means Universal Life Energy. Chi is usually formless and invisible, but in manga art, Toriyama gave it form so it is easily grasped. In Dragon Ball, another well-known attack is called kamehameha, for which our anime artist did many poses himself and chose the best.

Plot developments and characters were often inspired by letters from readers, such as one character, Vegeta. Toriyama found that he was often inspired by the feedback of his fans and used the advantage to spark the imagination in his anime series.

Influenced by Walt Disney’s works such as 101 Dalmatians, and the work of another manga artist writer and illustrator, Osamu Tezuka (creator of Astro Boy and known as the “Walt Disney of Japan”), he made his creations come alive in Dragon Ball, perhaps inspired by the aforementioned, but truly the creativity of his own mind. The Dragon Ball anime series has likely been the inspiration of other manga artists in its own right.

When asked what materials he uses in creating his art, he responds that he used to use quill pens and color inks, but today uses a Macintosh. And who can question the efficiency in modern equipment in exceptional anime and manga.

And with a new re-mastered Dragon Ball Z Season One (the first 39 episodes restored) coming in as the best selling series to date, Japanese artist, Akira Toriyama will most certainly be known as the most inspired manga artist of his time.

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Source by Andrew Wills

Interior Decorating Ideas – Decorating Your Clinic with Wall Art

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Have you ever been at the clinic, waiting for your turn to see the doctor, and all you see on the walls around you are posters on cancer prevention, reminders for you to do your annual medical checkups, dealing with rheumatism in old age, diabetes… the list goes on.

All around us, we’re flooded with uncomfortable images and messages that remind us that we really need to take good care of our health. Although these posters are there for a reason – to inform and educate, they certainly add an unwelcome addition because they inject an element of fear into all of us. Here we are, waiting to see the doctor, worried sick that our illness could get worse, and all we see in front of us are images and information about illnesses and disease. We really don’t need these at this time. Tell us these things when we’re well, not when we’re sick.

Having been a patient myself (and who hasn’t), the waiting area at the doctor’s office is quite a stressful place to be. As you’re waiting for your turn to see the doctor, your mind is full of apprehension and uncertainty as to what the diagnosis might be. The last thing you want is to be bombarded with images and media detailing out a plethora of possible ailments you could be diagnosed with. It just adds to the stress.

Strip this entire media off the walls, I say. Remove every shred of evidence that this place is a clinic. Patients don’t need reminders as to why they’re there. Put in its place decorative art work. Surround the walls with art and beauty. Put some framed pictures on the assistant’s counter top. Having a beautiful piece of art to look at will certainly make your wait a lot more pleasant and take your thoughts away from all things unpleasant. Art may also accelerate the healing process. This is the reason why some hospitals have beautiful art hung on its walls. This is what the patient really needs.

What kind of art to display, you might ask. Well, apart from movie or music posters, because they hardly seem appropriate, almost any other kind of art will do. A good choice would be abstract art. Pick something that has soft, pastel colors that calms the mind when looked upon. Abstract, or contemporary art, doesn’t represent anything in its true form, but rather it is an abstract representation of it. Much of it is left for the user to interpret what it’s all about. This will certainly keep the patients busy as they wait their turn. Abstract art will give the place a nice contemporary feel and make it seem less like a clinic and more like an art gallery.

There are many choices of abstract art to choose from. Prints of abstract flowers will add a nice, warm touch to the office. What about black and white abstracts? This will create an interesting contrast with the colors around it. You could also display abstract art of other genres, like collages, geometric abstracts, abstract landscapes and abstract figures, among others. The choices are plentiful. If you’re not into contemporary art, why not use pictures of animals? A picture of a cute kitten or puppy can do wonders to encourage healing and comfort. If you can’t keep a real pet in the doctor’s office, then display a picture of one. The effect may not be the same, but it certainly is nice to look at and takes a great deal of stress off the patient.

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How To Paint Kitchen Cabinets

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Are you getting tired of how your kitchen looks? Why not try to paint your kitchen cabinets? This not only revitalizes your kitchen but also creates a whole new atmosphere for your kitchen. You do not need to hire professional services to have your kitchen cabinets painted. You can do this on your own. If it sounds complicated, do not be afraid, easy steps can be followed on how to paint kitchen cabinets.

1. Deconstruct your cabinets.
Remove all the doors, knobs, hinges and screws that may interfere with your painting job.  Place them in an organized manner so no piece will be lost.

2. Clean all the surfaces that will be painted.
You need to make sure that the surfaces are free from grease, food residue, and other substances that may be stuck on them. Clean with the appropriate cleaner mixed with water and allow drying completely.

3. Sand the surfaces to be painted.
Even if this seems such a tiresome job to do, do not skip this step. This can do wonders for your painting job. This roughens up the surface to be painted on, allowing the paint to adhere to the surface more. Remove all the fine dust after sanding.

Now, this is where you need to know how to paint kitchen cabinets.

4. Apply primer.
Primer is needed as a pre-step in painting. This prepares the surface for painting, creating a surface with a higher adherence to the paint rather than painting the surface alone. Warning! You need to wear protective gear for this step. Wear goggles and disposable gloves to protect your eyes and hands from the harmful effects of the primer. Allow the primer to dry overnight.

5. Paint the cabinets.
Choosing the right paint is important for kitchen cabinets. There are a wide range of paints available. The best bet are the oil-based paints which gives a shiny gloss after drying. Although there are water-based alternatives, these can also be used depending on what you think works best.

There are several painting materials which you can choose from –rollers, spray nozzles and the good old brush.  No matter what you use, the most important thing to remember is a couple of thin coats are better than one thick coat.  Allow the first layer to dry and sand the surface lightly before applying the next coat. Do this until the last coat. This ensures that the surface is smooth so the paint finishes perfectly.

5. Reconstruct your cabinet.
Now that the cabinet parts are painted to perfection, it would look better if these were all in one piece. When the paint has completely dried, it is time to reconstruct everything.  Replace all the hinges, screws doors and knobs.

6. Thank yourself for a job well done.
Appreciate the work you have done! Don’t you think that you have done a great job in restoring your kitchen cabinets? Now, your kitchen looks brand new and you did it! Enjoy your new kitchen and give yourself a treat!

You do not need a highly complicated “how to paint kitchen cabinets” manual in order to restore your kitchen cabinets. These six steps are easy to follow, with satisfying results!

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Kobudo: Weapons and Styles

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Kobudo

Kobudo is a weapons-based form of martial arts originating in the Southern Japanese islands of Okinawa. The term Kobudo itself translates from the Japanese as “the old martial of Okinawa”, although the translation is modern as the people of Okinawa did not give names to their martial arts until after the 19th century.

The popular myth surrounding Okinawan Kobudo is that it was developed from farmers using their farm tools as weapons, as they were forbidden from having actual weapons by the Japanese Samurai class for fear of popular insurrection. This myth has gained traction due to the nature of the martial arts weapons employed in Okinawan Kobudo, all of which are related to common farm implements and will be discussed below. However, there are many links between Okinawan Kobudo and similar Chinese forms of weapons-based martial arts which predate Japanese occupation of the island, casting doubts upon such founding myths. It’s possible that the varying martial arts originated before Japanese occupation, but gained popularity in response to the general ban on weapons.

As Okinawan Kobudo is primarily weapons-based, the specific martial arts weapons involved are outlined below.

Martial Arts Weapons of Kobudo

Kobudo Bo: The most important weapon of Kobudo, the Kobudo Bo is typically a 6 ft long staff (although some Kobudo Bos are longer, and some shorter), made of either hard material like red or white oak, or more flexible material such as bamboo, pine, or rattan, ranging in weight from heavy to light. The Japanese art of using the Kobudo Bo is called Bojutsu. A Kobudo Bo is often tapered, thicker at the center than at the ends. Some Bos are ornately decorated, while others are merely simple staffs. For competition purposes, a Kobudo Bo may have stripes of metal along its sides, or specialized grips in the center.

Combat with the Kobudo Bo involves different thrusting, striking, and swinging techniques, along with a number of blocks, sweeps, and entrapments. Many movements with the Kobudo Bo resemble empty-handed fighting styles like Kobudo Karate, as the philosophy behind the Kobudo Bo holds it as merely an extension of one’s limbs. The back hand is used to generate power, while the forward hand is used to guide the martial arts weapon.

The Kobudo Bo may well have been based off the tenpin, the traditional staff rested on one’s back while carrying buckets during farm work, as well as on the handles of shovels, rakes, and walking sticks, used by monks. It may have been from these practical instruments that the martial art developed, in response to the Japanese ban on weapons in Okinawa in the 17th century. The Japanese could not confiscate simple staffs, and so people may have trained with them in order to defend themselves against the often brutal Samurai.

The Kobudo Bo is the primary weapon in the martial art, but a number of others are employed as well.

Sai: The Sai is three-pronged truncheon with a blunt end. The two short ends are usually used for trapping and breaking other weapons, such as a bo or sword, and they may be wielded two at a time.

Tonfa: The Tonfa is similar to a side-handle baton, and can also be wielded with one in each hand. The style of fighting with a tonfa reflects the empty-handed techniques, and it may have originated from the handle of a millstone.

Nunchaku: The nunchaku are a popular weapon made of two sections of wood connected by a chord. Theories of its origins differ, with some saying it came from a Chinese weapons, others from a horse’s bit, and still others from a threshing flail. The Chinese design is rounded, while the Okinawan is octagonal. It was popularized in Bruce Lee movies, and is now common throughout the world in countless dojos.

Kama: The Kama is a weapon based off the farming sickle, with a relatively short handle and a curved blade at the end. It is difficult to learn due to the inherent dangers associated with its practice, although duller versions have been developed for students. Some versions of the weapon have a nook in the handle to catch a Kobudo bo, but this was a weakpoint in the design, and other models do without it, or with a bend in the handle for that purpose.

Tekko: The tekko resemble a knuckleduster, spanning the entire fist with between 1 and 3 sharp points at the end.

Surujin: The Surujin is a chain with a weight either at both ends or at one end and a blade on the other. It can be easily concealed, making it particularly effective in surprising opponents. Moreover, its unorthodox design and unpredictable nature make it a supremely dangerous weapon in skilled hands.

A number of different schools of Kobudo exist, having survived the Second World War. Two of the most popular are Matayoshi Kobudo and Shorin-Ryu, which will be discussed below.

Matayoshi Kobudo

Matayoshi Kobudo is the style of Okinawan Kobudo developed under Matayoshi Shinpo in the 20th century, influenced by the Japanese, Chinese, and Okinawan martial arts styles. Matayoshi Shinko, his father, demonstrated his style of Kobudo to the Japanese Emperor in the early 20th century, who was so impressed that he awarded the master the Royal Emblem, which was combined with the Okinawan emblem to from the Zen Okinawa Kobudo Renmei logo. After Matayoshi Shinko’s death in 1947, his son Shinpo opened up a dojo in his father’s honor, teaching traditional Okinawan Kobudo. His style employs all of the martial arts weapons listed above, based on the traditional tools of the peasant class. Due to the efforts of Matayoshi Shinpo and his students, Matayoshi Kobudo has spread throughout the world, with over 2000 dojos worldwide.

Shorin-Ryu

Shorin refers to the Shaolin Temple of China, and Ryu means style, although the literal translation of Shorin Ryu is “Pine Tree School”. It was developed by Choshin Chibana in 1933, although the system itself is much older. It was based off the traditional Okinawa fighting style of Shuri-te. Chosin Chibana was a top student of a great master of shuri-te, Anko Itosu, who himself was a student of the great master Matsumura Sokon, bodyguard to three Okinawan kings.

Shorin-Ryu, also known as Shorin-Ryu Karate, is a form of Karate Kobudo characterized by natural breathing, natural stances, and circular rather than direct movements. Crucial to Shorin-Ryu Karate are correct motion, fluid movement to evade attacks, and solid structure for powerful attacking moves. A distinctive feature of Shorin-Ryu Karate is the position of the fist when striking. The fist should not be held horizontally nor vertically, but rather with a slight can’t to the inside, so that the third knuckle of the index finger is in line with the second knuckle of the pinky finger. This allows for more powerful, stable, and faster strikes.

Beginners initiating into Shorin Ryu must first learn balance, stance, and coordination. Only at higher levels are speed and power added.

Karate Kobudo

One final point concerns the relation between Karate and Kobudo. Although many believe these are distinct martial arts styles, they are in-fact closely related. There is strong evidence that Okinawan Kobudo preceded and influenced the development of Karate, as there are strong stylistic links between the martial arts. Weapons-based Kobudo includes kicks similar to those of Karate, and the overall flow of movement is similar as well. Many dojos who primarily teach Karate also teach Kobudo weapons training in conjunction with the traditionally empty-handed martial art.

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Source by David A Katzevich

The Art of Properly Answering the Telephone – The 12 Basic Elements

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Many marketing dollars are budgeted to ensure that customers can reach businesses. Most advertising documents, such as letterheads, business cards, phone book ads, newspaper ads etc highlight telephone numbers in a most prominent way.

Yet very few training dollars are dedicated to properly answering the telephone. As a general rule the person responsible for answering the telephone has quite a few other duties to perform that are not always compatible with telephone answering. Most often the person designated to answer the phone is the first available individual.

In many businesses, it is not rare to see a huge reception area very ornately decorated to greet visitors and a receptionist, occupied with a multitude of tasks, too busy to properly greet visitors or answer the telephone properly.

When you look at the help wanted adds, virtually all those for receptionists ask for skills and qualifications that have nothing or very little to do with telephone handling. What will accounting basics; Excel, Word and or PowerPoint do for your corporate image when the phone rings?

Whenever someone calls a business, an image is forming in his or her mind as soon as the telephone starts ringing. When the call is answered that image is either positively or negatively reinforced.

Therefore a large portion of the dollars spent to enhance a corporate image can rapidly go to waste every time someone calls.

Call your office and experience what all callers do and then review the basic elements of the Art of Properly Answering the Telephone. How are you faring out?

The following are so basic that the tendency is to take them lightly and quite often ignore them. Reviewing them regularly and evaluating how they are being applied will most certainly prove to be beneficial. Who can really afford to lose a customer or a prospect by neglecting a few basic techniques and principles?

Your corporate image is always at risk. No matter how often a caller is being transferred, within your business, everyone picking up the line is responsible for its safekeeping.

Test yourself the next time you answer the phone and see how many of these elements you actually apply before you decide to consider them so basic that “heck, everybody knows that!”

To help you evaluate your performance, give yourself points or ask someone to grade you (Always =3, sometimes = 2, rarely =1, never = 0) for each of the following elements and see how close you come to the perfect 36.

1. Always smile before you answer the phone…

When you smile, you are actually sending a message to your brain that you are in a pleasant, congenial and happy mood. Even if it is not entirely true, your subconscious will actually accept this as a fact. This will affect your tone of voice as well as your manner of answering. Have you ever tried smiling and frowning at the same time? Ever tried talking to someone in a very abrupt or upset manner while you are smiling? You never know for sure who is at the other end of the line when you answer a call. Your entire corporate image is reflected on that magical moment which lasts but a few seconds. Your smile will leave a pleasant lingering image with your caller.

POINTS ______

2. Always enunciate clearly and energetically your business as well as your name…

How often have you called somewhere and were not really sure you had reached the desired person or business? If your caller asks you to repeat your name, your company’s name, or department name chances are you answered too quickly or simply mumbled. Energetically means you sound happy to receive this call. The caller should never feel like he or she is disturbing you!

POINTS ______

3. Always have a note pad and a pen that works next to your phone…

This is not only to take messages, but also and most importantly to efficiently take notes of the details the caller is unconsciously volunteering. It will help you reply properly and completely to the caller

POINTS ______

4. Always interrupt whatever you are doing prior to answering the telephone…

This allows you to concentrate your full attention to the caller and ensure that you actually apply the previous elements. Multitasking is not always a good thing and can actually be most impolite. How can you actually listen properly and take valuable notes if you are doing other things? Would you neglect a customer standing in front of you?

Your caller can’t see you, but he or she can certainly feel they don’t have your full attention.

POINTS ______

5. Always remain courteous, polite and professional – NO MATTER WHAT…

If your caller is upset or in a bad mood, your chances of turning things around in your favor are much greater in you remain courteous, polite and professional. We all know that it never pays to argue with a customer. Treat all callers as your most valuable customers. Never loose sight of the fact that chances are the caller does not need you, but rather needs your products or services.

POINTS ______

6. Always identify yourself and or company…

Answering the phone with a simple hello! or good day! is definitely not enough. The caller should know whom he or she is talking to without having to ask. Isn’t it easier to engage in a friendly conversation when you know whom you are talking to? Don’t you find it frustrating to realize that you have been talking to the wrong person or have been connected to the wrong department and realize that you will need to repeat everything all over again? A pure waste of time for everyone involved.

Try something like ” Customer Service Department, John Doe speaking, how may I help you?”

POINTS ______

7. Always attempt to get the name of the caller and use it as often as you can during the conversation…

This will allow you to establish an instantaneous and usually more pleasant relationship with the caller. It will further help you retain the person’s name, which to most people is the sweetest sound in the world. What a great habit to develop!

POINTS ______

8. Always listen attentively…

Most people will usually share more information than is actually necessary. In listening attentively you will gather much needed information to better serve as well as better connect with the caller. This never fails to impress. Everyone loves to feel listened to.

POINTS ______

9. Always validate the information you have just received before you answer any questions…

In validating the information first, you are ensuring that you are actually catering to the caller’s needs and or concerns. Furthermore, it proves that you were listening and eliminates potential misunderstandings.

POINTS ______

10. Always ask questions rather than interpret…

Never assume! Unless you are 100% certain what the caller is talking about or saying, ask as many questions as you need to.

POINTS ______

11. Always check with the caller every 20 to 60 seconds when you place them on hold…

We have all experienced those moments when we hang up out of frustration because no one gets back on the line. The caller might have decided to hold but then changes his or her mind and now would like to either leave a message or be transferred to someone else.

POINTS ______

12. Always offer to call back or take a message after checking the third time…

Even when the caller decides to keep on holding, You never know when he or she will change their mind.

POINTS ______

How well have you done? TOTAL POINTS ______

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Modern Art 1870-2000: Impressionism to Today

Modern Art 1870-2000: Impressionism to Today

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Modern matters: A blow-by-blow account of groundbreaking modernism

Most art historians agree that the modern art adventure first developed in the 1860s in Paris. A circle of painters, whom we now know as Impressionists, began painting pictures with rapid, loose brushwork. They turned to everyday street life for subjects, instead of overblown heroic scenes, and they escaped the power of the Salon by organizing their own independent exhibitions.

After this first assault on the artistic establishment, there was no holding back. In a constant desire to challenge, innovate, and inspire, one modernist style supplanted the next: Symbolism, Expressionism, Futurism, Dada, Abstract Art, renewed Realism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop, Minimal and conceptual practice.

This indispensable overview traces the restless energy of modern art with a year-by-year succession of the groundbreaking artworks that shook standards, and broke down barriers. Introductory essays outline the most significant and influential movements alongside explanatory texts for each major work and its artist.

About the series:
Bibliotheca Universalis— Compact cultural companions celebrating the eclectic TASCHEN universe at an unbeatable, democratic price!
Since we started our work as cultural archaeologists in 1980, the name TASCHEN has become synonymous with accessible, open-minded publishing. Bibliotheca Universalis brings together nearly 100 of our all-time favorite titles in a neat new format so you can curate your own affordable library of art, anthropology, and aphrodisia.
Bookworm’s delight — never bore, always excite!



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How Much Would It Cost You To Paint Your House?

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Whether you are building a new house or you just need a new layer of paint around your house, you of course would be considering a lot of things regarding house painting prices. You might ask if painting it yourself or hiring a house painter to do the job would be better or how much the paint itself would cost. With this, house painting prices is quite a big issue if you are considering painting your house.

Just like everything else, price is always and issue and the one that is the cheapest and has the best quality as much as possible would always be the best option. The only thing is that you can’t have everything; all you can have is just one option. In order to help you decide, here are some guidelines as to what options you should pick or what details you should consider when you are painting your house.

Should I Hire Someone?

This question is commonly asked by busy people and by those who just would not want to paint their houses themselves. If this is the case, take into consideration that this task is done by popular and professional people with house painting businesses, which is it can cost a lot, obviously much more than if you paint your house yourself. But if you have the resources, got nothing to lose then go ahead and hire someone who can effectively do the job for you.

Before anything else, take note that painting your house yourself is not that hard. Depending on the climate and the common weather conditions in your house, you may just paint your house when needed. Most commonly, the exterior paint of a house wears of every 2 to 4 years. To manage this effectively, some people would paint one side of their houses every year, causing the whole house to be painted once in every four years.

How Much Would The Options Cost?

For the paint itself, set aside around $25 to $40 per gallon of paint with good quality. As commonly observed by house painters, a gallon of paint is enough to cover around 400 square feet so in order for you to come up with how much you actually need, split the whole area of the area to be painted by 400 square feet and that is just how much gallons of paint you need. If you paint your house yourself, that is practically just how much you are about to spend.

If you plan on hiring someone, take note that the actual cost of paint would only account for about 15% of the total amount that the house painter will charge you, the labor would account for about 85%. That is how expensive the cost of labor is so if you have the time to paint your house yourself; it is still advised that you do it. The good thing about hiring someone to paint your house is that they work quickly and most of the time, really do their jobs well.

What Other Things To Consider

You should be aware of how much time it would take for the paint to wear off. While it would take 4 years most of the time for exterior paint to start cracking, if the quality of the paint is really good and if weather conditions are not too harsh, sometimes the exterior paint could last up to 8 years. This would save you a lot if you adjust to the situation, considering that house painting prices do not come too cheap.

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Source by Dina Brown

Haidong Gumdo – Korean Sword Martial Art – An Introduction and Comparison

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It’s time to set the record straight about Haidong Gumdo. For those unfamiliar with this, Haidong Gumdo is a Korean martial art focused on the use of swords. The visual aesthetic is familiar to most Americans, and will remind one of the Japanese samurai due to the shape of the sword and the dress which is worn. Haidong Gumdo is about grace. It is about precision, and power. It is about mastering one’s own mind and body in the development of physical skill. It is not, however, about cultural imitations or derivations.

The Sword

The sword used in Haidong Gumdo practice is known by multiple names, including hwando and jingum, which is the equivalent of the Japanese word shinken, or “real sword”. It is important for those more familiar with Japanese sword arts to realize that the jingum is not a katana, despite certain surface similarities. This is largely related to differences in cutting technique. While historical Korean swords come in many shapes and sizes, the modern jingum is easy to distinguish from a Japanese katana by the shape of the tip and the method in which the blade is mounted to the handle. Quality jingum typically have a wider tip, and are mounted with a pin and bolt in the handle.

The Uniform

The Haidong Gumdo uniform used by the World Haidong Gumdo Federation is something else that causes confusion to those more familiar with Japanese sword arts. This is because of the pants that are worn, which flare outwards similar to the Japanese hakama. As with the sword, however, there are differences between the Japanese and Korean styles. The Japanese hakama are worn outside of the gi (or jacket), while in Haidong Gumdo, the jacket is worn over the pants. Since the top of the pants is therefore not visible, they have an elastic waist, rather than the elaborate ties of the hakama.

In addition, Haidong Gumdo makes use of a short sleeved dobak, or uniform. This allows more freedom of movement, without worrying about catching the sword in the sleeve. Finally, Haidong Gumdo makes use of colored belts to denote rank, similar to more familiar arts such as the Korean Taekwondo, or the Japanese Judo.

Relations with “other” sword arts

Unfortunately, the aesthetic similarities between the Korean and Japanese sword arts, coupled with a history of tension between these two peoples, has given rise to a significant amount of misunderstanding and strife in the martial arts community.

This is not to say anything at all negative about Japanese sword martial arts! I feel no need, for example, to dispute the history or legitimacy of Iaido, which is a modern Japanese sword art as practiced by the All Japan Kendo Federation. It is beautiful and graceful, and, I might add, new. The same is true of Haidong Gumdo.

Yet the martial arts community remains plagued by the tension which has existed between these peoples for quite some time. As American practitioners of these arts in particular, we should respect each others’ chosen disciplines. That’s not even to begin to mention the negativity which arises from meaningless debates about historical origins, uniform styles, or effectiveness. This kind of slander only serves to weaken us in our pursuit of mastery.

So let’s move the discussion in a more positive direction. Do you practice a martial art? What do we even mean when we use that term?

The Meaning of “the Way”

I would argue that sports such as MMA (“mixed martial arts”) do not fit the definition of martial arts in the traditional sense. The word Gumdo translates as “the way of the sword”. “Way” is used here the same as it is used in Taoism. In fact, “Tao” and “Do” are the same character, pronounced differently in different languages. To quote Wikipedia:

“The martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental, physical, and spiritual development.”

That second phrase is important. A significant part of martial arts practice is mental, physical, and spiritual development. So this would include the various styles of Chinese Kung Fu, Japanese Karate, and Korean Taekwondo, among others. It includes the various ryu of Japanese Samurai Swordsmanship, and yes, it includes Haidong Gumdo, an indigenous Korean sword art. Sure, nothing develops in a vacuum, and Korea necessarily shows influences related to its geographical location and its interaction with other cultures. But that does not diminish the art or its practitioners.

Conclusion

Haidong Gumdo focuses on multiple aspects of swordsmanship, from drawing and sheathing, to forms work and stance training, to test cutting with a live blade. There is no trick to being able to perform these cuts, whether on bamboo or other targets – no stage magic, just years of training and practice. Personal betterment and a constant striving to improve technique are what makes it work.

Martial artists of all disciplines should be interested to see a positive sharing of ideas. Show me some of your own martial arts practice, and let’s compare. Anyone in the area is also welcome to visit my studio, Blue Mountain Martial Arts, to see my sword work first hand. Check out http://www.BlueMountainMA.com for more information.

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Source by John F Jacobs

Contemporary Art: 1989 to the Present

Contemporary Art: 1989 to the Present

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An engaging account of today’s contemporary art world that features original articles by leading international art historians, critics, curators, and artists, introducing varied perspectives on the most important debates and discussions happening around the world.

  • Features a collection of all-new essays, organized around fourteen specific themes, chosen to reflect the latest debates in contemporary art since 1989
  • Each topic is prefaced by an introduction on current discussions in the field and investigated by three essays, each shedding light on the subject in new and contrasting ways
  • Topics include: globalization, formalism, technology, participation, agency, biennials, activism, fundamentalism, judgment, markets, art schools, and scholarship
  • International in scope, bringing together over forty of the most important voices in the field, including Sofía Hernández Chong Cuy, David Joselit, Michelle Kuo, Raqs Media Collective, and Jan Verwoert
  • A stimulating guide that will encourage polemical interventions and foster critical dialogue among both students and art aficionados



Was ist meine Immobilie wert

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg
Der Immoblienmakler für Heidelberg Mannheim und Karlsruhe
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Schnell, zuverlässig und zum Höchstpreis