Kirigami – The Japanese Art of Paper Cutting

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Kirigami is the ancient Japanese art of paper cutting. Quite simply, kiri means “to cut” and gami, means “paper”.

Making kirigami is as simple as taking a piece of paper and cutting tool (such as scissors or scalpel type knife) drawing an image and cutting it out.  There are of course other techniques that are used, such as different ways of folding the paper (like Japanese origami) followed by cutting an image out.
By following a few steps, it’s possible to create beautiful cut outs to decorate scrapbooks, cards, window hangings and even pop-up decorations.

In the beginning, it may sound difficult to do, but Kirigami is actually fun for for all ages and art levels.
Many children have actually tried Kirigami projects in their elementary schools.  Usually in winter, paper snowflakes are made, cut out hearts for Valentine’s Day, or a string of people holding hands to promote cooperation and friendship.  All of these fun and simple projects are kirigami.


As a first attempt, remember that the difficulty is up to the creator.  There are many projects that require simple cuts and designs. Choose any image with few details and begin from there on a blank piece of paper. It’s important to keep the main image outline attached and only the “meaty” portions cut out.


The main tools and materials required for Kirigami are paper, a pencil, scissors or scalpel knife, and if you would like to make more detailed designs, a mini stapler, which will reinforce flimsy areas and keep the paper aligned for precise cuts.

There are three main rules to Kirigami, and they are fold, draw and cut.
While some designs require fairly specific folds, the best way to start is by folding a piece of paper in half and drawing the image on one side only, making sure to include the folded edge withing the image (this will keep the two sides of the paper together and create a mirror image of what you cut).

When drawing the image that you would like to cut out, it’s best to draw half of it beginning from the folded edge. This works best for images like butterflies or flowers that require  symetrical sides.
Once finished, there are many different things the Kirigami cut outs can be used for.

Here are some examples:

  • Seal and string them up to make mobiles.
  • Frame it in a clear glass frame for decoration around the home.
  • Add translucent or metallic paper to the back (or create two identical cut outs to “sandwich” the metallic paper) and create a stained glass look. It’s a beautiful window hanging.
  • Make small Kirigami pieces, secure them to colourful or contrasting paper and place a magnet on the back.
  • Secure them to blank cards or notebooks for decoration.
  • Fold or curve them and secure the ends to create pop-up art.
  • Use them as stencils.


try different kirigami techniques and combine them with other things like origami. The most important thing is to have fun with it and learn as you go.

Please check my blog to see more kirigami examples and  step-by-step projects.

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Disadvantages of Painting in Extreme Heat and Cold

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If you have been planning to apply fresh paint to your home in the coming months, this is for you, particularly if the temperatures in your region tend to be extreme. Painters across the country recommend that outdoor painting be kept to more temperate months instead of during very cold or very warm months.

Need for Optimum Temperature

When the ambient temperature is too high or too low, paint is not able dry properly leaving uneven and ugly patches on the walls. Basically Oil and Latex paints are the two commonly used paints for both interior and exterior painting needs. Most well known paint companies produce quality oil and latex paints for domestic and industrial application. Humidity and outside temperature play a vital role in deciding the drying time and the curing time. Extreme hot and cold conditions have a direct bearing on the curing time. Generally painters apply coats based on the instructions provided on the paint container. Usually these instructions are provided by the paint company based on the optimum temperature conditions.

Curing Time

These are two important parameters that determine the overall finish of the paint. Drying time usually ranges from an hour to three hours for oil and Latex based paints. Curing time is much longer than the drying time and ranges from 20 days to 30 days for different varieties of paints. The liquids in the paint must be completely evaporated for the curing to be completed. This evaporation happen when a dry skin is formed on the painting surface. Formation of the dry skin indicates that that all the liquid content in the paint has completely evaporated. In order to give the ideal drying time for the paints to do another coat, the recommended outside temperature is around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Thus when the temperatures cross the 100 degrees mark in summer, the paint doesn’t get the required optimum temperature and humidity level to dry properly. Similarly, when the temperature falls below the 50 degree mark in winter, it would have a significant effect on both the drying time and curing time of the paint.

Multiple Coats

When painting is performed during extreme summer and winter months, even an experienced painter would find optimum times of the day to complete the work. The time between coats may require a longer period to allow the initial coat to dry. If you are considering having a painter come paint your home during temperature extremes, be sure to have a long discussion with your painter so that you fully understand the pros and cons of this choice.

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How to Hang a Painting

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A good question to ask, always, before purchasing any kind of art to hang on your wall, is: Do I have the wall space?

If you’re like me, very familiar with certain measurements because you see them all the time, like 16″ x 20″, 24″ x 36″, etc. then you might be able to tell at a glance whether or not there’s room on your blank wall to hang a painting.

But chances are most people will need to measure to make sure. Aside from just measuring the wall with a measuring tape, I would also recommend taking it one step further to really get an idea of what a painting of a certain size would look like in that spot.

Take a large sheet of scrap cardboard, poster board, or anything you can get your hands on that’s large enough. It can be destined for the trash—doesn’t matter. You may have to take several sheets of paper and tape them together. Just figure out a way to create a rectangle the exact size of the painting. You can then hold this up on the wall and really visualize what it’ll be like.

Placement of artwork is no sweat if you’ve got a natural talent for interior design. This is for those of us who don’t:

The painting should not take up all of the available space, if you can help it. It is good to have a certain amount of what I call “buffer” around the painting to give a place for the eye to rest.

Here’s what it looks like when you don’t leave enough “buffer.”

Too Big for the Space!

If you have a large wall, don’t be afraid to leave some of it blank. When you do this it showcases the artwork more elegantly. (If you’ve ever walked into an upscale art gallery, you know what I mean. Such spaces normally have gleaming wooden floors, clean white walls, excellent lighting, and little more. Artwork in this setting takes on a feeling of importance, as there is often just one painting per wall.)

At the same time, you also want the artwork to make a statement. If you hang a small painting on a large wall, it may not have the kind of visual impact you’re looking for.

Here’s what happens when the painting is too small for the wall.

Too Small for the Space!

So when you’re decorating, try to choose artwork for your space that is not too big, not too small, but just right.

Just Right.

Once you’ve selected your new artwork, determined where it will go, and finally got it home, hanging it on the wall is a simple, if specific, process.

How to Hang a Painting

You will need a picture hanging hook, a pencil, a measuring tape, a hammer and a level.

The first thing you need to do is find the point on your wall where you want the center of the painting to be. You may need to measure if you want it exactly centered on a wall, but in most cases it is okay to eyeball it. Mark the spot with a piece of masking tape or a small pencil mark.

Then measure the length of the painting (from top to bottom) and find the midpoint by dividing that number in half. Say your painting is 30″ high x 24″ wide. The vertical midpoint would be 15″ from both the top and bottom edges. You want this imaginary line to be at eye level when the painting is hung on the wall.

Hanging Art 1

The average person’s eye level is at about 60″ from the floor. If you are taller or shorter than average, you can use a measuring tape to figure out where your eye level is. Let’s assume in this case that it’s 60″.

The back of the painting should have a hanging wire installed. (If it doesn’t, you can get picture hanging wire and screw eyes from a hardware store. The screw eyes should always go about 1/3 of the way down from the top edge of the painting, the wire should be at least 2″ from the top edge of the painting when pulled taut, and it should be coiled tightly and neatly so it’s secure. But that’s a whole other subject.)

Hanging Art 2

You want to pull the wire up towards the center of the painting’s top edge, just as if it were hanging on the wall and gravity were pulling it taut. Measure the distance from the wire to the top edge of the painting.

Hanging Art 3

The number you need is the measurement from the “eye level” line, or vertical midpoint, to the point where the wire will hang on the hook. To get this number, subtract 3″ from 15″, to get 12″. This is how high above eye level you will need to place the bottom of the hook.

Hanging Art 4

So add 12″ to your eye level measurement of 60″. You will place the bottom of the hook for this painting at 72″ from the floor. Mark this spot with a pencil dot.

Picture hanging hooks can be purchased at any hardware store. The ones I use look like this.

Hanging Art 5

The nail goes in at an angle to really anchor it into the wall. If you are hanging a heavy piece of art, make sure to use hooks that are rated for the proper weight. I don’t recommend using nails because the wire can slip off of a nail. With a hook there is no chance of that.

If you’ve measured correctly, when you hang the painting by its wire on the hook, the center of the painting should be exactly at eye level. (If you’re off by a half inch, don’t stress about it–you won’t be able to tell by looking.) Use a level to make sure it’s hung straight.

Hanging Art 6

Note: If a painting is much wider than it is high, for example, 24″ high x 48″ wide, the canvas will usually have a cross-brace in the middle. In these cases you will have to hang the painting from 2 hooks, one on either side of the cross-brace. When pulling the wire taut to measure its distance from the top edge, you’ll just have to pull it taut across 2 points. It’s a little tricky but if you understand the theory, you’ll be able to get an accurate measurement. The important thing in those cases is to use a level when installing the 2 hooks to ensure that they are placed in line with each other.

Of course a painting does not always have to be at eye level—for example, if you are hanging it above a piece of furniture or in a configuration with other paintings, eye level becomes less important. In those cases it is usually best to eyeball it. But once you figure out where you want the center of the painting, you can still use this method to figure out exactly where the hook should go.

Hopefully this info will be helpful to you next time you’re hanging a painting, photograph, or mirror.

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Choosing the Best Cut-Out Tool, Spiral Saw

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Now that you’ve decided you need a cut-out tool for your next project, do you know which one is right for you? They are also known as spiral saws and drywall routers. There are many manufacturers who have created their own version of these power tools and each of them offers different features, different amounts of power and speeds. There is a perfect model out there for every type of builder if you know what features to look for before purchasing.

First, let’s go through the different usages of a cut-out tool or spiral saw. The most common and basic use for these construction tools is cutting holes in drywall for electrical boxes. This is by far the most basic task but the other options include:

  • Cutting laminate flooring
  • Fiberglass
  • Plastic materials
  • Vinyl siding

This is just a very short list of different materials and usage examples that you may need your spiral saw for. This power tool is most often used for cutting holes but in some occasions it can be used for cutting straight lines as well, should you require this.

Now, although you may already have your favorite brand in mind, it’s important to make sure you take the time to shop around. Other top of the line manufacturers may have what you’re looking for as well. The basics of choosing a drywall router is to consider the power and speed behind the product in association with amps and RPMs. It is standard to find 5.0 amp motors in the most powerful of these construction tools on the market today but some can kick out more RPMs than others using the same amount of amps.

For usual construction projects like drywall cutting, it’s a safe bet buying a 5.0 amp with 30,000 RPM cut-out tool. This will get the job done without a problem and can be used on tougher materials as well. For those of you who are looking for faster cutting, look for spiral saws with higher RPMs to get the speed out of the cut. The more speed you have, the smoother this construction tool will cut.

Start your search with brands like DeWalt, Makita, RotoZip, and Dremel and you will likely find one of these manufacturers has created the cut-out tool (or drywall router) perfect for your needs. Consider the project you’re working on, future projects, the amps and the RPMs and you are making an informed decision.

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Painting Cost Per Square Foot

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A building will not be complete without painting. There are a number of items that will require painting including rooms, walls, furniture and doors. If you are making a budget for your building, this article will give you a guide on how much you should expect to spend on painting the building. Knowing the painting cost per square foot will aid your budgeting, as you will be able to get a general estimate.

First we will look at the factors that determine the cost of painting your building. Paint quality is usually responsible for between 10 to 20 percent of what you will be charged by a painter in Greensboro nc and most other parts of the world. There are different qualities of paint available. The more expensive the quality of paint you are using, the more the painting cost per square foot will be.

Apart from paint, there are some other materials that will be needed during the process of painting your house. The materials include tape, thinners, plaster and primers amongst others. The price of these materials will also be included in the total cost for painting, thereby having significant effect on the cost of painting for every foot.

Going away from materials, there are painting tools the painter will be needed for painting the building. They include roller brushes, handheld paint brushes and airbrushes amongst others.

The cost for labor will also need to be considered, if you are paying a professional to do the painting for you. You might want to read through some information on how to hire a professional painter in Greensboro nc. There are a number of articles that will give you hints about what to look out for in the right painting contractor for your job, including affordability.

Once you are armed with adequate information about factors discussed above, it will be easier for you to calculate how much it will cost you to paint every square foot and subsequently, your entire building. If you want to paint a wall, which has an 8 feet standard size, you will most likely be charged between $2.25 and $3 for every square foot for two paint coats. All you now have to do is multiply this estimated cost with the measurement of the area of the building and you will get a general idea of how much it will cost to paint your building.

There are different types of doors and trim, which are usually dependent on the style of the property. Generally, you should estimate about $1 for every square foot. The painting cost per square foot of doors and trims will be dependent on the complexity, the previous type of paint (latex or oil) as well as its current condition.

The type of ceiling you have will influence how much a painter will charge you. It is easier and cheaper to paint a flat ceiling as you could be charged between $0.25 and $0.50 for every square foot. If you, however, have a stucco ceiling or other types of textured or stippled ceiling surface, then the cost will range from 50 cents to $1.

Painting a new building in Greensboro will generally cost you more, considering the fact that it has not been painted before. The implication of this is that more time will be needed for preparation and more materials will be needed for painting. The painting cost per square foot will, therefore, range between $3 and $6 for the whole building. Other factors that will determine the cost include mouldings and trims amongst others. When you are using door frame casings, fancy window, crown moulding, wainscoting and bare wood, the price can sometimes exceed $6 for every square foot.

In conclusion, the cost of painting a house varies, depending on the part of the house that is been painted, if the building has not been painted before and the the walls or some other parts of the building has a complex design. Other factors that could influence the painting cost per square foot of your building include paint quality, other painting materials, painting tools as well as the painter. For estimate purposes, you should budget between $2.25 and $3 per square foot for an old building, while you should budget between $3 and $6 per square foot for new buildings.

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Begin Art – Its Never Late To Start With Art!

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As we all know no one is born a talented artist. Even many of the famous artists have acquired their skills with the brush and perfected it for so many years to reach the peak of success. If anyone gets inspired to create a beautiful painting on a white canvas, it means it’s an addictive hobby, and then suddenly that inspiration starts getting converted into shape, figure, emotion, expression in numerous colors.

To know more about art one needs to understand ART first. What is art? In simple words art is the use of skill and imagination for the works of art. Art can be a basic form of communication. Just as a dancer sways to a rhythm or beat, an artist picks his brush to color an unfruitful white canvas to make it fruitful.

We all know that we have a budding artist within us. We never try to explore it; we hide our skills, never give chance to give it a platform. Art is really so simple that it does not require any specific qualification, any fixed age or any privilege skill to start with.

All what we need is the time and our own ability to nurture it. One can start learning art at any time. Art can be a good exercise to relax our selves. Art is the way from which we expressed our feelings, ideas, skills, imaginations, and concepts on a peace of canvas.

Art have so many forms like drawing, sketching, painting, scribbling etc. Many talented people take their art form to another aspect and create unique paintings.

  • Now learning about Art is extremely easy. Slowly developed it as a hobby, art can easily become a profession.
  • By reading this you may arise with a question??

    Question is …….

    Can Anyone Become An Artist?

    Yes, according to me anyone can become an artist. What we need is the proper medium which can help us to create works of art, the right use of pencil, pastels, watercolors, charcoals, oil paints and acrylics. Select the subject, any subject that give pleasure to your eye is just right for your painting. It could be a nature, scenery, photograph, animal, any other painting, just about anything, which pleases your creativity in first attempt.

    This is your chance to explore yourself, make a space in the world of art, and bring out your true spirits for art.

    How to start with?

  • 1. You can join any art classes, any short term courses in university near by you or join any painting workshop.
  • 2. Chose a subject that inspires you to create a beautiful painting.
  • 3. Don’t get disappointed even if you are not able to do the painting as per the subject, but try to make it.
  • 4. See the subject from all the angles, Just don’t sketch out everything that has to be painted.
  • 5. For the first attempt you may feel little bit bore, but slowly you will get into it and you will gain interest.
  • 6. while drawing keep your mind open, will help to learn so many new things
  • 7. In painting you can use your imaginative colors. For example grass is green but it could be red or yellow too. Sky is blue but it could be orange, Grey, or any other color.
  • 8. Painting will give you the excitement but it is not always possible that you will complete the work within a day.
  • 9. May be you would jump on another subject, simultaneously in the meanwhile.
  • 10. Keep good focused on the painting, anytime you may feel that your interest is fading at that moment leave it for sometime.
  • 11. As such there is no deadline to finish a painting. It is not a job which should get completed in between nine to five.
  • 12. Use eyes and hands to draw. Do not go by the mental image that forms in the mind. You will never get it exactly the finish.
  • 13. Try to be keep teacher around you to help in areas where you are likely to be stuck.
  • 14. It is not necessary that everything will go right at the first time. Sometimes you may waste time and some art material but then you will learn more and generate more good art pieces.
  • 15. Painting is always learn through trail and error
  • 16. So don’t give up yet if it has not worked out. There is always a new subject to work on.
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    Body painting

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    Traditional body painting

    Body painting was very common used in the early 12th to mid 14th century by religeous practicioners in rituals. This is an example of Gothic Art. It was common in the areas of countries we now refer to as France and Germany. Examples were displayed on frescoes, but primarily worn by members of the church clergy under robes. Primarily symbols on the arms, chest and back, these forms of identification led to Dalecarlian form of writing found in many northern European countries.

    Dalecarlian symbols.

    Huli man from Papua New Guinea. Body painting with clay and other natural pigments existed in most, if not all, tribalist cultures. Often worn during ceremonies, it still survives in this ancient form among the indigenous people of Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific islands and parts of Africa. A semi-permanent form of body painting known as Mehndi, using dyes made of henna (hence also known rather erroneously as “henna tattoo”), was and is still practised in India and the Middle East, especially on brides. Since the late 1990s, Mehndi has become popular amongst young women in the Western world.

    Indigenous peoples of South America traditionally use annatto, huito, or wet charcoal to decorate their faces and bodies. Huito is semi-permanent, and it generally takes weeks for this black dye to fade.

    Actors and clowns around the world have painted their faces–and sometimes bodies–for centuries, and continue to do so today. More subdued form of face paints for everyday occasions evolved into the cosmetics we know today.

    == Modern body painting ==

    Bodypainted unicyclist in the 2006 Summer Solstice Parade and Pageant.

    There has been a revival of body painting in the Western society since the 1960s, in part prompted by the liberalization of social mores regarding nudity. Even today there is a constant debate about the legitimacy of body painting as an art form. The current modern revival could be said to date back to the 1933 World’s Fair in Chicago where Max Factor and his model were arrested for causing a public disturbance when he bodypainted her with his new make-up formulated for Hollywood films.

    Body art today evolves to the works more directed towards personal mythologies, as Jana Sterbak, Rebecca Horn, Youri Messen-Jaschin or Javier Perez.

    Body painting is not always large pieces on fully nude bodies, but can involve smaller pieces on displayed areas of otherwise clothed bodies.

    Body painting led to a minor alternative art movement in the 1950s and 1960s, which involved covering a model in paint and then having the model touch or roll on a canvas or other medium to transfer the paint. French artist Yves Klein is perhaps the most famous for this, with his series of paintings ‘Anthropometries’. The effect produced by this technique creates an image-transfer from the model’s body to the medium. This includes all the curves of the model’s body (typically female) being reflected in the outline of the image. This technique was not necessarily monotone; multiple colors on different body parts sometimes produced interesting effects.

    Joanne Gair is a leading body paint artist whose work appeared for the tenth consecutive year in the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. She burst into prominence with a August 1992 Vanity Fair Demi’s Birthday Suit cover of Demi Moore. Her Disappearing Model was part of the highest rated episode of Ripley’s Believe It or Not!.

    Body painting is commonly used as a method of gaining attention in political protests, for instance those by PETA against Burberry.

    Body painting festivals

    Georgetown University fans with painted torsos in Atlanta. Such painting is common in many sports.

    Body painting festivals happen annually across the world, bringing together professional body painters as well as keen amateurs. Body paintings can also typically be seen at football matches, at rave parties, and at certain festivals. The World Bodypainting Festival in Seeboden in Austria is the biggest art event in the bodypainting theme and thousands of visitors admire the wonderful work of the participants.

    Bodypaint festivals that take place in the US include North American Body Painting Championshipand the Face Painting and Body Art Conventionin Las Vegas, Nevada.

    Fine art body painting

    The 1960s supermodel Veruschka is often cited as being many body painters’ muse.[citation needed] Her images in the book Transfigurations with photographer Holger Trulzsch have frequently been emulated.[citation needed] Other well-known works include Serge Diakonoff’s books A Fleur de Peau and Diakonoff and Joanne Gair’s Paint a licious.

    Since the early 1990s bodypainting has become more widely accepted in the United States, and more and more body artists are beginning to come onto the national community.

    Starting in late 2006 Sacramento art galleries started to use fine art bodypainting as performance art to draw new patrons.[citation needed]

    In 2006 the first gallery dedicated exclusively to fine art bodypainting was opened in New Orleans by World Bodypainting Festival Champion and Judge, Craig Tracy. The Painted Alive Gallery is on Royal Street in the French Quarter.

    Body painting in the commercial arena

    Many artists work professionally as body painters across the world. Their work is seen regularly in television commercials, such as the Natrel Plus campaign featuring models camouflaged as trees. Body painters also work frequently in the film arena especially in science fiction with more and more elaborate alien creations being body painted. Stills advertising also used body painting with hundreds of body painting looks on the pages of the world’s magazines every year.

    The Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, published annually, has in recent years featured a section of models that were body painted, attired in renditions of swimsuits or sports jerseys. Sometimes accessories are used such as bows or buttons. Some allege this allows SI to skirt their own no-nudity guideline.[citation needed]

    In the 2005 Playmates at Play at the Playboy Mansion calendar, all Playmates appeared in the calendar wearing bikinis, but Playmates Karen McDougal and Hiromi Oshima actually appeared in painted on bikinis for their respective months. In October, 2005, the Playboy magazine cover featured a foldout of two models (Sara Jean Underwood and Victoria Thornton) wearing only body paint. The February 2008 cover of Playboy magazine featured Tiffany Fallon body painted as Wonder Woman. These covers and other body paintings done for Hugh Hefner’s parties at the Playboy Mansion are created for Playboy by artist Mark Frazier.[citation needed] Michelle Manhart, Playboy model and former Air Force Staff Sergeant, recently posed in body paint for the cover of a 2008 pin-up calendar (published by Operation Calendar).

    With the success of body painting, this has led to publications on this artform and also Illusion Magazine which is aimed to painters for all abilities, showcasing work around the world.

    Face painting

    Moche ceramic vessel depicting a man -possibly a warrior- with face painting. Larco Museum collection. Lima-Peru

    Two children with painted faces.

    Two men with painted faces, for the charity Children in Need.

    Face painting is the artistic application of cosmetic “paint” to a person’s face. There are special water-based cosmetic “paints” made for face painting; people should ask before having face paints applied what products are being used. Acrylic and tempera craft paints are not meant for use on skin and are not acceptable, nor are watercolor pencils or markers. Products not intended for use on skin can cause a variety of issues ranging from discomfort to severe allergic reactions.

    From ancient times, it has been used for hunting, religious reasons, and military reasons (such as camouflage and to indicate membership in a military unit). In re-entered the popular culture during the hippie movement of the late 1960s, when it was common for young women to decorate their cheeks with flowers or peace symbols at anti-war demonstrations.

    For several decades it has been a common entertainment at county fairs, large open-air markets (especially in Europe and the Americas), and other locations where children and adolescents are. Face painting is very popular among children at theme parks, parties and festivals throughout the Western world. Though the majority of face painting is geared towards children, many teenagers and adults enjoy being painted for special events, such as charity fund raisers.

    There are many kinds of face paint, including:

    Designs that include the emblems of favorite sports teams, cartoon characters, and other designs that are “cute” or otherwise appealing to the young.

    Dramatic designs that appeal to all ages.

    Costuming designs which transform the wearer into someone/something completely different, such as Jack Haley’s silver face makeup as the Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz.

    Designs that endeavor to color the face in such a way to indicate solidarity with a cause, usually the outcome of a sporting contest or membership in a group.

    Popular face painting designs include;

    Tiger – This design, in most cases, consists of a body of orange and yellow paint, with black stripes painted on. Details include bushy eye brows and a muzzle or whiskers, alongside a black painted nose.

    Clown – This design, in most cases, consists of a body of white painting. With shapes and features such as a red nose or bright eyes the model is made to take on the features of a circus clown.

    Spider-Man – This is a body of red paint with white eyes and spider like black patterns on the models face. Similar to that of the mask worn by Spider-Man.

    Dog – Commonly a dalmatian, this design is white with large black spots on the eyes and cheeks. A black nose is added along with whisker pores. A tongue is commonly added to give the effect of the model panting, similar to that of a dog.

    Butterfly – A design consisting of the body of the butterfly being painted on the nose and the wings added across the cheeks. Wing patterns vary.

    Cat – Many designs may feature under this heading. It could be a plain black tabby cat or a wild leopard. Either way, it usually consists of a neutral body of paint with bushy eyebrows and a muzzle.

    It is common to find if someone is dressed in an animal costume, a black nose will be added alone to give the impression of an animal face and not just body. Sometimes, a full face is added or sometimes none at all.

    Most theme parks have booths scattered around where a person can have a design painted on their face. A similar activity is the application of “instant tattoos”, which are paint or ink-based designs that are put on as one unit and removed by means of water, alcohol, soap, or another mild solvent. More elaborate temporary tattoos may be made using stencils and airbrush equipment. Very recently, “glitter tattoos” have been gaining popularity. These are made by filling a stencil (or freehand painting a design) with The “Original Pink Glue” then coating the adhesive with cosmetic-grade glitter.

    Use in military

    A soldier applies green face paints as camouflage.

    It is common in militaries all over the world for soldiers in combat scenarios to paint their faces and other exposed body parts (hands, for example) in natural colors such as green, tan, and loam for camouflage purposes.

    Use in professional wrestling

    Many professional wrestlers paint their faces as part of their costuming. Examples are The Ultimate Warrior, Road Warrior Animal and his tag team partner, Road Warrior Hawk, and Doink the Clown.

    In the late 1980s, American professional wrestler Steve Borden, under the stagename Sting, wore colourful striped facepaint as part of his ring attire, in the National Wrestling Alliance and later, World Championship Wrestling. In the mid-1990s, the Sting character was modernised along the lines of Brandon Lee’s The Crow, with black and white facepaint usually following a pattern similar to that of a scorpion. Upon joining the nWo Wolfpac stable in 1998, the facepaint was temporarily altered to red and black.

    In 2002, WWE superstar Jeff Hardy began utilising facepaint in different variations. Upon being drafted to WWE’s RAW brand in 2002, Hardy began wearing neon or ultraviolet body paint, that would glow in its colour under UV lighting placed on the entrance stage. Upon entering TNA Wrestling in 2003, Hardy’s facepaint took on a more luminous quality, before being quietly retired in 2006, upon his WWE return. In 2008, Hardy resuming using facepaint as part of his ring attire. Hardy continues to use facepaint as a key part of his act, though he no longer wears it in on-screen non-wrestling segments.

    Body paints

    Modern water-based face and body paints are made according to stringent guidelines, meaning these are non-toxic, usually non-allergenic, and can easily be washed away. These are either applied with hands, paint brush, and synthetic sponges or natural sea sponge, or alternatively with an airbrush. Contrary to the popular myth perpetuated by the James Bond film Goldfinger, a person is not asphyxiated if their whole body is painted. Liquid latex may also be used as body paint and allows although wearing latex for a prolonged period may cause heat stroke by inhibiting perspiration and care should be taken to avoid the painful removal of hair when the latex is pulled off.

    Manufacturers of widely available professional body and face paint include: Kryolan, Mehron, Snazaroo, Wolfe Face Art & FX, Diamond FX, Grimas, Ben Nye and Fardel.

    The same precautions that apply to cosmetics should be observed. If the skin shows any sign of allergy from a paint its use should immediately be ceased. Moreover, it should not be applied onto open wounds, nor should it be applied too close to the eyes. It is not advisable to use paints or products which have not been formulated for use on the body as these can result in serious allergic reactions.

    As for Mehndi, natural brown henna dyes are safe to use; however, synthetic black dyes containing PPD can cause serious skin allergies, and should be avoided due to the substantial risk of serious injury. Jagua is a dark indigo plant based dye that is safe to use on the skin and is approved for cosmetic use in the EU.

    Hand art

    Hand art is the application of make-up or paint to a hand to make it appear like an animal or other object. Some hand artists, like Guido Daniele, produce images that are trompe l’oeil representations of wild animals painted on people’s hands.

    Hand artists work closely with hand models. Hand models can be booked through specialist acting and modeling agencies usually advertising under “body part model” or “hands and feet models”.


    This section requires expansion.

    Body painting figures prominently in various media.


    The Pillow Book, a 1996 film by Peter Greenaway, centers around body painting

    See also

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Body painting

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Facepainting

    Nudity portal

    Mehndi (so-called henna tattoos)


    Temporary tattoo

    Clothing-optional bike rides

    Solstice Cyclists

    Sydney Body Art Ride

    World Naked Bike Ride

    Make up


    ^ “Supermodel Marisa Miller Adorns the Cover of the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue on Newsstands Today!”. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 

    ^ “Make-Up ILLUSION by Joanne Gair”. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 

    ^ “Body Painting: Masterpieces by Joanne Gair”. Art MOCO: The Modern and Contemporary Art Blog. 2007-07-22. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 

    ^ “Joanne Gair: The Art of Illusion”. Retrieved 2009-04-23. 

    ^ Snazaroo USA Acrylic Paint FAQ Retrieved on 2008-05-26

    ^ The Henna Page – PPD Black Henna Retrieved on 2008-05-26

    External links

    World Bodypainting Festival – a Choreography of dance, music and show’

    World Body Painting Association’

    Face Painting Pictures and Examples

    Sports Illustrated body painting swimsuits

    Body Painting Festival slideshow

    Face Painting Ideas

    Illusion Magazine for Face and Body Artists around the World’

    v  d  e

    Nudity & related topics


    Naturist magazines Public nudity Nudist community Christian naturism Issues in social nudity Gay naturism Timeline of non-sexual social nudity List of social nudity organizations Criticism of social nudity Nudity and protest

    Nude recreation

    List of places where social nudity is practised Nude beach Nudity in sport Clothing-optional bike ride Naked hiking Skinny dipping Streaking Sun tanning Naked yoga Barefoot Massage Hot tub Bathing & Public bathing Shower Sauna Naked party Strip games Nude beaches

    In art

    Depictions of nudity Model (art) Figure drawing Figure painting Body painting Sex in advertising Nudity in film Nude photography Nudity in American television Nudity in science fiction Nudity in music videos Nudity in combat

    Body image

    Gymnophobia Modesty Physical attractiveness Vanity Objectification Human physical appearance Topfreedom (barechested/toplessness)

    Sexualized concepts

    Nudity and sexuality Exhibitionism Indecent exposure Mooning Voyeurism Erotic art Sex-positive

    Clothing issues

    Clothing Undergarment Dress code Clothing laws by country Awrah

    See also

    Nude wedding American Nudist Research Library Society for Indecency to Naked Animals American Gymnosophical Association

    Categories: Nudity | Art genres | Body art | Costume design | Optical illusions | Special effectsHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007 | Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008 | Articles with unsourced statements from January 2008 | Articles to be expanded from February 2009 | All articles to be expanded

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    Famous Artists Who Have Changed the World

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    Famous artists throughout history have contributed to the social and political landscape of different societies around the world. Some of these artists have made creations never before seen by man. Many have lead art movements that have shaped the world we live in. Here are four out of many who have changed the world through art.

    Leonardo Da Vinci:

    Multi-talented Italian painter of the 15th Century, Leonardo Da Vinci, was a master sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. Apart form being an ingenious artist, Da Vinci possessed a brilliant mind which was inclined towards knowledge and understanding of everything. He is unique in the scientifically accurate sketches of objects, human body anatomy drafts, and medical and scientific designs that he also constructed with great detail, creativity and accuracy. Da Vinci’s abilities are astonishing at any age the truth is.

    His two most famous paintings of the Mona Lisa and of The last Supper have stirred strong waves of controversy through the creation of the Da Vinci Code Series. They have also been parts of influencing or aiding new movements, such as occurrence of the deformation of the Mona Lisa painting by Dada, in order to create a new piece which belonged to the Dada art movement as opposed to the classical art movement.

    Salvador Dali:

    Spanish painter, Salvador Dali, was the leader of the surrealist art movement, with his famous painting entitled The Persistence of Memory in 1931. The painting featured an abysmal array of melting clocks, and was seen as a reflection of the internal and fearful clockworks of the male psyche. The nightmare like worlds that are created through Dali’s paintbrushes display an abstract, nonsensical, and logically confusing world, and may present the viewer with a way of developing underlying subconscious awareness, of lost feelings and fears.

    Andy Warhol:

    Andy Warhol is a leading figure or artist of the modern pop art movement. He is also one of the most influential and important artistic figures of the 20th century, and is generally associated with the proliferation of art imagery and mass imagery distribution. The nature of his modern art played a tremendous role in redefining the nature, social place, financial value, and general identity of what was considered to be art.

    Warhol’s pop art portrait of Marilyn Monroe and Jacqueline Kennedy employ the usage of multi-images and repetition in order to reinforce the concept of mass production and eradicate class differences through the means of obliterating distinctions.

    The public distribution of unique paintings onto the hands of many, through the aid of the printing press, challenged many notions about art, its right to become reproduced numerously, and its scope of existence, and influence in general.

    Mark Rothko:

    Rothko was a famous American painter of the 1900’s and an eager leader in the progression of the transient art movement of abstract surrealism. He created a link between the present surrealism of his time and the abstractism of the future, and is regarded as a progressive mind and artist. His paintings speak of nothing less than unchallenged originality and completion, and are widely influencing the direction of modern abstract art today.

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    Review of the Art of Problem Solving

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    I was recently introduced to The Art of Problem Solving, which is a series of math textbooks aimed at gifted middle and high school students, especially those who are interested in math competitions. I only looked through one of the books, Introduction to Algebra, by Richard Rusczyk , and this review will be about that text only. Other books in the series delve into topics such as geometry and probability.

    The Art of Problem Solving bills itself as a book for 6th to 10th grades. This evaluation is quite ambitious! It is, however, in character with the rest of the book, as ambitious is the best word I can come up with to describe the overall tone. (According to the author’s biography, he was a high level math competition champion as a child, and I think it would be fair to suggest that he wrote this book with his younger self in mind.) I would warn parents and teachers to take the pre-test provided on the website very seriously. If your student(s) can not get a perfect score on the pre-test without your help, they are not ready for this book, regardless of their age.

    As an adult who is comfortable with math, I loved this book. Both the text and the problems are thoughtfully written and very interesting. The explanations provided are lucid. If time was not a constraint, I would joyfully devote an hour or two a day to methodically working through this book- it would probably take me a year or so to finish, and I have no doubt that I would learn a great deal. However, while my endorsement of this book is strong, it is also very limited and specific. So that you can understand, let me tell you a little bit about myself.

    As a child, I was an insanely conscientious student. Not surprisingly, I did well in school and was placed in an accelerated math program in middle school. Nevertheless, I found no joy in math (and always had the nagging feeling that my success on tests and report cards was due to some sort of cosmic mistake rather than real achievement on my part.) In high school, I stopped pursuing math as soon as I decently was able. I never took pre-calculus, never mind calculus. I chose my college partly based on where I would be able to major in biology without taking higher math classes. Fortunately, I experienced an epiphany at the age of 21.

    My epiphany was the result of a research project that I was perusing- I was researching certain aspects of ancient salt marshes, and my advisor told me that if I could successfully do a statistical analysis of my data, it could most likely be published. With that enormous inducement, I began studying elementary statistics, and with almost no instruction except from a textbook, I soon understood statistics well enough to analyze my data. My paper was published and, much more importantly, my fear of math was conquered.

    Years past, and I became a tutor. I teach test preparation and science as well as math, but I spend the largest portion of my time teaching math to 8-14 year olds. (I’ve hired other tutors to teach more advanced math.) I’m very good at what I do, and I think it is in large part because I have a very thorough understanding of math through high school algebra, a genuine affection for the subject and, simultaneously, a clear memory of a time when math was not my friend.

    All of this history is a roundabout way of explaining why I feel like I have a lot to learn from this book- although it starts out with basic algebra, it ends up covering topics normally reserved for pre-calculus. Furthermore, when I look at The Art of Problem Solving, Introduction to Algebra through the lens of my remembered childhood feelings about math, I see a terrifying tome. It does not gently lead the student forward, first with easy problems and then with gradually more challenging ones. Instead, it dashes ahead and dives straight into hard problems. This approach is great for a motivated, interested person with a solid background in the pre-requisites, but it could easily prove miserable, frustrating, and ultimately counter productive for students who do not meet that description.

    I intend to begin using The Art of Problem Solving, Introduction to Algebra, but only with a select group of students who are already robustly successful in math and who are coming to me for enrichment. For example, I will incorporate Art of Problem Solving problems into my work preparing students for the Hunter College High School and Anderson School entrance exams.

    I wish to offer one further warning about The Art of Problem Solving, Introduction to Algebra, specifically to homeschool families. If your child is ready for this textbook and eager for the challenge it presents, then that is a wonderful thing. However, if you plan on integrating your child into a school environment, you should be aware that the book does not touch on topics that are important in both middle and high school curriculums (primarily geometry and probability) and you might therefore want to provide supplementation in these topics.

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    Western Painting – Pluralism – The Multiplied Art

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    Pluralism – The Concept

    Pluralism is a general term, denoting the variety of accepted points of view or conventions, related to a subject or a period. Pluralism, in painting, implies an eon on art scene, which is not specifically identified by a particular genus. The earlier eras in painting have been characterized by some underlying philosophies, where one artistic mode followed the other, in succession. For instance, Medieval Painting was succeeded by Renaissance and Baroque Painting styles, in series. Similarly, Post-Impressionism followed Impressionism, and so on. However, the twenty-first century art is distinct, owing to the openness of form and style, so much so that various genres coexist on the same ground. Pluralism symbolizes the present art scene, in effect, with its multiplicity of style. The styles of painting in the twenty-first century range from simplistic Abstract forms to core Realism.

    The History

    Pluralism began taking roots in the post World War II period, but actualized more prominently around late 1960s and mid 1970s. This phase can be regarded as the time of the institutionalization of Pluralism in true sense. During this phase, artists tried breaking free from the philosophy of rebellion against the previous movements as a foundation of new & contemporary art forms. Instead, the painters preferred to embrace the earlier and newer styles to create eclectic mixes. Pluralism came as a ‘revival’ of more elaborate works from the abstract sects like Color Field. The simplistic forms are based on the theory that there can be no further simplification possible in the structural design.

    The Correlations

    As the art community started suspecting the end of art as a testimony of historical developments, the painters shifted their focus to the classic art and modern methodologies, at the same time. Pluralism established itself as the simultaneous existence of Pop art, Minimalism, Photorealism, Conceptual art, and Pattern painting, especially in the SoHo district of New York. However, with time, more styles kept coming in, such as Hard-edged painting, Collage, Shaped canvas painting, Lyrical Abstraction, Expressionism, Neo-Expressionism, Digital painting, Monochrome painting, Intermedia painting, Graffiti, Portrait, Mural, Abstract Figurative, and so on.

    The Controversy

    The main argument cited against Pluralism in art is that these works lack the ‘artistic’ discipline of the genre paintings. The artists do not make conscious efforts to add imaginative excellence to their art. On the contrary, their focus is guided mainly towards the commercial success of their body of works. The admirers, in turn, are short in the judgment of refinement and aesthetics in art. The critics complain that in the quest of creative assortment, Pluralism leads to degradation in the overall quality.

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