Painting Business – 13 Point Checklist of Essential Tools Most Needed to Start a Painting Business

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If you are considering starting a commercial or residential painting business you will only need some basic low-cost tools to start with. You can buy other tools as more jobs come along and with your down payments. Here is a list of the most essential painting business tools needed to get you started.

1.) Quality Cage Frame – Also known as a paint roller. Wooster and Purdy both have strong, commercial-use cage frames sold at most professional paint stores.

2.) Extension Pole – Get yourself a good medium-size fiberglass extension pole for rolling out walls and ceilings.

3.) Wall-Sander – I always sand walls and ceilings before I roll them out. It cleans up cobwebs and anything else that needs to be knocked down to make the walls and ceilings smooth.

4.) Roller Bucket – I use Wooster’s roller bucket. It is tall, square and has a lid. It is made out of durable plastic and balances a lot better than a paint tray and washes out easy. It’s a must have.

5.) Cut-in Bucket – I like to put some paint in a small plastic bucket for cutting in. There are small 1-gallon buckets of drywall compound that when empty make a great cut-bucket plus they have a lid. They will last for years.

6.) Step Ladder – A regular wooden 5-foot step ladder works perfect for most homes. If I need a 6-foot ladder I have an aluminum one for that. Most of the time all I need is my 5-footer and I am only 5’6″ so there you go.

7.) 16′ Extension Ladder – Great for stairwells or ranch-style exterior jobs. I use my 16-foot extension ladder more than any other size. I also have 20′ and a 24′ extension ladders, but i couldn’t get by without my little 16-footer.8.) Drop Cloths – I like using the runner type the most. They are inexpensive, light to carry and can be moved around the room easily. I also have 9 x 12’s on hand.

9.) Fluorescent Light – Interior painting without a fluorescent light is nearly impossible, especially on a cloudy day. Fluorescent light is a nice white light that is great for painting and shows up the colors in their true form.

10.) Tool Bucket – An empty 5-gallon bucket makes a great tool bucket. I keep my pliers, a hammer, razor-blade knives, a caulk gun, etc., in my tool bucket.

11.) Small Fan – I bought a $30 blower type fan made by Stanley Tools from Walmart. It dries out walls and ceilings quickly so you can get back to work cutting in and moving around the room without it being wet.

12.) Drywall compound – I hate Spackle. It flashes under paint jobs. I use the Sheetrock brand of 90-minute quick-dry drywall compound found at Lowes or other hardware stores for around $11 a bag. It will last me all year long. It is the powder formula and is easy to mix up right on the job with water and a small cut bucket. This way you don’t have to carry a heavy 5-gallon pale around with you that can also freeze during the wintertime and can get lots of chunks in it over time.

13.) Caulk Gun – I use painters caulk all the time to fill small gaps between woodwork, trim and walls. Most paint stores have it on hand. I use the 35-year interior/exterior type.

So there you have it. If you are considering starting your own painting business and want to know how much it will cost to get started this list will help you. I would guess off hand that everything on the list totals around $300. If you already have a step ladder and even a small extension ladder, this will cut the start up cost down considerably.

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Source by Lee Cusano

Children for Adoption – What’s the Difference Between Adopting a Child and Sponsoring a Child?

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Kind-hearted people confronted with photographs of needy children in the world’s poorest countries sometimes ask, “Is adoption the answer?”

Celebrities such as Angelina Jolie and Madonna have, after all, adopted several children from developing countries. They are bringing these children up a world away from their poverty-stricken beginnings.

Adoption is a huge undertaking. Even when it involves children from within the United States, it means complete life changes for both the adopter and adoptee. The child becomes part of the family forever, with all the joys and responsibilities that brings. Children available for adoption overseas present more challenges, such as legal and financial obstacles. The new parents are aware that the adopted child is leaving his or her community, culture and heritage far behind. Sensitive adjustments are needed to make the transition a happy one.

Overseas adoption can certainly be worth the effort. But adopting a child, particularly one from a far-off country, is a serious and lifelong commitment. Would-be adopters are truly compassionate. They want to help children who are barely surviving in the poorest regions of Africa, Asia and Central and South America. So many of these children are malnourished and lack even the basics such as clean water or adequate shelter. They have never had medicines or health care and may never be educated.

There is, though, a simpler way to help a child in need. It is not as complex as adoption, but it will still transform a child’s life forever. That way is through child sponsorship. So what’s the difference between adopting a child and sponsoring a child?

By paying just a few dollars a month, a sponsor ensures that the sponsored child is supplied with:

• food and clean water

• safe shelter

• medical checkups including immunizations

• educational opportunities

• life-skills training

Many charities that offer sponsorship programs also provide Christian teaching and support as well as practical help. Children learn about God’s love and see how it alters their existence for all time.

With the support of a sponsor, a child usually can stay within his or her community and country. The difference is that there is real hope for the future. A child who is properly nourished, educated and trained in different skills can grow up to lead a purposeful life. Instead of continuing in a downward spiral of poverty and ignorance, the sponsored child can be a force for good. He or she could even train to be a doctor or teacher, and help others in turn.

A sponsor is linked to one particular child from the start. The two get to know one another through exchanging letters and photographs. Sponsored children treasure the fact that someone far away cares for them. They love to know about their sponsor, and to share information about their very different lives.

Over the months and years a real and rewarding closeness develops. Some sponsors even travel to meet their child and build even stronger links with them. Both adopting and sponsoring a child involves building a long-term loving relationship. The important aim is to bring the most effective help to a child in need.

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Source by Jeremy P Stanfords

Why Steamboat Springs Is the Ideal Place to Live

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Three hours from a major city, 331 inches of average annual snow fall, 59 annual average frost free days, and less than 11,000 people…those are the first reasons why Steamboat Springs, CO is the ideal place to live, now let me give you a few more. I’ll try to be brief, but keep in mind, there’s more where this is coming from! First and foremost, the community is in fact, a community first, and a world-class ski resort second. Ask anyone who lives here and they’ll be happy to tell you that in Steamboat Springs you have friends and neighbors who care about you and watch out for you. There’s a moose in your drive-way? Rest assured, one of your neighbors will call and let you know. Ask any second home owner or visitor about Steamboat Springs, and one of the first things they’ll say is that the people in our town are so friendly. This fact alone would make Steamboat Springs, CO the perfect place to call home and without a doubt the ideal place to raise a family – let me say it one last time before moving on, “the people are nice and the people here care about you.”

OK so everyone’s nice, but I get asked, “What do you do when you’re 3+ hours from a major city, and it’s cold and snowy so many days of the year?” Well let’s start with summer when it’s not cold and snowy and people come to this ski resort town and without a trace of champagne powder on the ground they spend a week here and decide to stay. Summertime in Steamboat Springs, CO brings the free concerts at the base of Howelsen Hill, fly-fishing in the Yampa and Elk Rivers, hiking and biking on trails for every level and surrounded by Rocky Mountain beauty, golfing at public or private courses, the weekend rodeo that thrills both locals and visitors, and of course tubing down the Yampa River for those who like to beat the heat in chilly, fresh mountain water. Summertime also means the annual July 4th parade, Art-in-the-Park, Hot Air balloon festival, Steamboat Running & Bike Series races…and after all this activity, a margarita on the Rio deck, a brick oven pizza sitting on Rex’s back patio, or an ice cream cone from Johnny B. Good’s take-out window hit the spot. Locals in Steamboat Springs take full advantage of the short, but very sweet summer season – we know winter is right around the corner.

And now for winter…how do we Steamboat locals co-exist with the thousands of skiers and snowboarders who come year-after-year for our champagne powder and western hospitality? Well for starters, you’re likely to see mostly locals in the gondola line at 7:45am because we’ve listened to the 5:00am snow report and know there’s 14 inches of powder on Storm Peak that need to be skied before heading into work a little later than normal, but totally refreshed and energized for the day! But we don’t just ski here in Ski Town USA, when you live here and it’s wintertime, you take your kids to Winter Sports Club, you take a dip in the Old Town Hot Springs pools, you snowshoe in the moonlight to the perfect spot for sitting and drinking some wine that was in your backpack all night, and you hit the early bird special at the Orr House where a sizzling steak and huge salad bar await. Local winter events that even us locals wait for every year include the Winter Carnival where the high school band “marches” down Lincoln Avenue on skis, there are races where (if you’re brave) you’re pulled by a horse while sitting on a shovel, and then you trek over to Howelsen Hill to spend an evening watching fireworks where the lighted man skis down the hill, shooting fireworks from multiple body locations…some things you just have to see to believe.

So now that we’ve hit on the two main Steamboat Springs’ seasons, I’d like to share with you the everyday amenities we have here that don’t take 45 minutes in rush hour traffic to get to – like Steamboat’s LEED-Silver certified Bud Werner Memorial Library located on the banks of the Yampa River and home to not only an expansive book and magazine collection, but also to public computers, a lively children’s section, local history room, public meeting rooms and some of the best views (with cozy seating )of the Yampa River. Where there’s a state-of-the-art public library you might think education is pretty important too, and you’d be right…from the 3 local Steamboat Springs’ public elementary schools which feed into the Steamboat Springs’ Middle and High Schools to our private schools where Lowell Whiteman draws students from an international base of applicants each year. Top that off with Colorado Mountain College, a community college who just started offering some 4 year degrees, and you can see we have quite a robust educational system here in Steamboat Springs, CO.

High speed internet affords those who are lucky enough to have location neutral jobs the opportunity to work in our Rocky Mountain paradise versus a corporate high rise home office in the suburbs. And high speed internet helps the up and coming local companies like SmartWool, Moots and Big Agnes compete globally. I digress, back to the amenities that don’t take 45 minutes (ok, be honest, an hour) to get to…here’s the short list: ice skating rink, state-of-the-art tennis center, equestrian centers, Strings’ music pavilion, Nordic ski centers, movie theaters, bowling alley and fabulous local restaurants. One last area to address because even though we like to think we’re the epitome of health and fitness here in Steamboat Springs, we do get sick and we do get injured, and to fix us up and nurse us back to health, the Yampa Valley Medical Center is staffed by some of the best doctors and specialists in the country and it’s supported by numerous private medical practices that address any possible ailment…from the bum knee that’s gonna need replacement at some point, to the sore back in need of some realignment.

So there you have it…and of course there’s more. We wouldn’t love living here so much if every wonderful thing about Steamboat could be captured in a 4 paragraph blog. You just have to come and enjoy our northwest Colorado paradise with us in all four seasons to truly appreciate what Steamboat offers. But remember, the most important thing is the wonderful people you’ll meet here. We’ll want to know where you’re from, what brought you here and then we’ll want to share our favorite Steamboat pastime as well as our favorite restaurant with you. And if you get stuck on the way up Rabbit Ears pass in January, we’ll probably be nice enough to stop and help you put chains on your tires too. Gotta run, it’s a powder morning…or it will be in about 4 months!

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Source by Charlie Dresen

His Most Famous Painting (The Walk Home) – Julian Schnabel

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American painter, sculptor and filmmaker, Julian Schnabel (born, 1951) is a recognized name in Hollywood, who has also been a front-runner of ‘Neo-Expressionism.’ He entered the field of art through his first solo exhibition in the year 1975, when painting as an art, was losing its sheen. Schnabel is known for his overly assertive ways of self-promotion, often to the ire of the critics and art admirers. His style of painting is full of brashness, provocation, and raw force of expression. Schnabel’s magnum opus, “The Walk Home,” remains the most significant corroborator of his undisputed authority over the ‘Modern Expressionist’ art.

“The Walk Home” is a large piece, 9’3″ X 19’4″ in dimension, created during 1984-85, and currently put on display at the Museum of Contemporary Art at Los Angeles. This painting beautifully carries the distinguishing elements of the resurrected art of painting in the form of defiant ‘Abstractionism,’ where the artists refuse to confine their works to pure paints over flat canvas. Actually, “The Walk Home” is an ‘Abstract’ piece of work set in varied media, such as broken pieces of crockery, metals like bronze & copper, pieces of fiberglass, and oil paints, over a base made of wood. This work represents a blend of mosaic, painting, and minor relief work as a revolutionary practice in an otherwise staid art of painting. In line with most of the sects of ‘Modern Art,’ “The Walk Home” also focuses more on the technique of presentation, rather than merely on a thematic expression.

The modern artists dismiss the concept of singleness of the meaning of an artwork and they prefer to keep it open to the different sections of admirers to interpret the meaning their way. The theme of Julian’s “The Walk Home” is believed to be centered on the fable of a king who was attacked by unknown assailants, who hid in waiting, on his way home. Arguably, it indirectly, symbolizes the artist’s resentment against the conventional landscape of art, where each new movement of artistic rendition has tried to cannibalize its previous generation. It further reflects an artist’s befuddlement, amid the haze of the ‘Post-Modernist’ art scenario, in identifying the way back to where they belong. The bold color scheme and thick brush strokes, embodiment of the trapped coarse energy and overflowing emotions over assorted random media, add to the dramatic appeal of the depiction, ranking it as one of the masterpieces of modern creativity.

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Source by Annette Labedzki

Tips on Buying Inuit Art As an Investment

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First, buy contemporary art. Some of the older carvings can be a good investment only if you are sure that they will increase in value over time. The thing is they are already old and expensive, so they won’t grow in price as much as contemporary art. On top of that, there are many old Inuit carvings that simply don’t worth anything, you really have to be an expert in older Inuit art to buy it or you are at a huge risk of overpaying. With contemporary art, there are comparison, so you can check similar carvings by the same Inuit artists at different galleries and make sure you are paying a fair value.

The best place to shop for Inuit art is online Inuit art galleries. You will see that prices at online galleries are lower than at brick and mortar galleries. Actual stores have to pay rent, utilities, employees’ salaries and they have to mark up their prices a lot. Online Inuit art galleries buy sculptures directly from the artist and don’t have any additional expenses, they are just a middle man between you and the artist.

You may be curious to find out if there is a way to eliminate any middle men and buy Inuit art directly from the artists. Unfortunately, it’s not that easy, virtually impossible. You would have to go to a Canadian northern community yourself. You cannot drive, there are no roads, the only way to get there is by airplane. The airplane ticket alone will cost you at least 2,000 dollars. Now, once you arrive to Cape Dorset, Sanikiluaq or any other Inuit community, you need to rent a room in a hotel, that would cost you 200 dollars a night. Then you would have to rent a truck because there is no public transportation, you would have to eat something and food is expensive too. And even after all these expenses there is no guarantee that you will find any carvings to buy. There are times when Inuit communities are completely dry, carvings wise, because it’s not a season or somebody else just bought everything before you. The best time to go on a carving adventure is in fall, because Inuit artists get their stone in late spring and summer and there are usually many carvings for sale by fall season. The worst time to travel would be in early spring, you are at a high risk of not finding any carvings for sale.

Another tip is to look for well known artists. Buy Inuit art by internationally recognized carvers like Nuna Parr, Jimmy Iqaluq or Paul Kavik. Although their art is already quite pricey, you can be sure that it will appreciate over time even more, especially when they retire from the trade. There are many younger artists whose art is much less expensive than art from master carvers, but it may be a better investment opportunity to purchase from them. For example, if you acquire a dancing bear by Noo Atsiaq, who is a younger promising artist, you will pay only a fraction of the price as compared to Nuna Parr’s bear. However, in only about ten years Noo Atsiaq will be as famous if not more as Nuna Parr, and you will be able to get a good return on your investment.

One last thing, make sure you like what you are buying, After all, Inuit carvings, as any art, are all about perception. If people don’t like the particular Inuit sculpture, no matter how famous the Inuit artist is, you will have a hard time selling his carving for big profit.

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Source by Natalia H

Japanese Martial Arts: History, Styles, and Weapons

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Japanese Martial Arts

The history of the island nation of Japan paints a clear picture of a proud and powerful people forging a national identity, robust culture, and unique way of life from the crucible of war and uncertain peace. Central to this culture was the concept of martial valor, of being able to fight aggressively as well as defensively, both for the very practical purposes of waging war along with strong notions of duty, honor, and personal development. It was from this militaristic and spiritual foundation that the Japanese martial arts styles, of which there are legion and which will be discussed throughout this article, developed.

History

Broadly speaking, the history of Japanese martial arts can be broken down into two categories: Koryu Bujutsu (bujutsu meaning the practical application of martial tactics and techniques in actual combat) and Gendai Budo (budo meaning a way of life encompassing physical, spiritual, and moral dimensions with a focus of self-improvement, fulfillment, or personal growth).

Koryu Bujutsu encompasses the more ancient, traditional Japanese fighting styles, while Gendai Budo is more modern. The division between them occurred after the Meiji Restoration (1868), when the Emperor was restored to practical political power and Japan began the process of modernization in haste. Prior to the Restoration, the Koryu styles focused extensively, if not exclusively, on practical warfare. The Samurai, or warrior caste were expected to be masters of all forms of combat, armed and otherwise. Their martial arts evolved as weapons and technology did, but the focus always remained the same: victory in actual combat, for their own honor and for the cause of their ruler.

However, with the Meiji Restoration and the modernization of Japan, including the large-scale introduction of firearms, the traditional Japanese fighting styles of the samurai became outdated and no longer useful for their practical purpose of military combat. In their wake, the Japanese martial arts styles evolved into what came to be known as Gendai Budo, which focused far less on broad-scale military application and far more on self-improvement and personal growth. They became not just a tool for military victory, but a vital component of a fulfilling, meaningful, and spiritually connected way of life.

Interestingly, this distinction can be noted in the differing terminology: the traditional techniques were referred to as bujutsu, which specifically relates to waging war, while the modern styles are collectively known as budo, which are far more involved with personal betterment.

Styles

Traditional Japanese Martial Arts (Koryu Bujutsu)

Sumo: The oldest of Japanese martial arts styles is sumo, named after the emperor who popularized it (Shumo Tenno) in 728 AD. However, the origins of the fighting style go back long before him, to 23 AD, when the first sumo battle was fought, watched over by the emperor and continuing until one of the fighters was too wounded to continue. After Emperor Shumo reintroduced the sport, it became a staple of the annual harvest festival, spreading throughout Japan and even incorporated into military training. From the 17th century onward, it became a professional sport in every regard, open to all classes, samurai and peasants alike. The rules of the sport are simple: The first man to touch the ground with a part of the body other than the bottom of the feet, or touch the ground outside the ring with any part of the body, loses. It is still an incredibly popular sport in Japan to this day, followed religiously be legions of fervent fans.

Jujutsu: This Japanese martial arts style literally translates into “soft skills”, and uses indirect force such as joint locks and throws to defeat an opponent, rather than direct force like punches and kicks, to use the attackers force against them and counterattack where they are weakest. It was initially developed to fight against the samurai, who often terrorized townspeople, as more direct forms of combat proved ineffective against well-armored foes. Small weapons such as daggers, weighed chains, and helmet smashers (tanto, ryufundo kusari, and jutte, respectively) were used as well in jujutsu. Many elements of jujutsu have been incorporated into a wide variety of more modern Japanese martial arts, including judo, aikido, and non-Japanese martial arts styles like karate.

Ninjutsu: Ninjutsu, or the art of the Ninja, has in the modern period grown to become one of the best known styles of Japanese martial arts. However, when it was developed, Ninjas were used as assassins during the turbulent Warring States Period. Although many a martial arts movie has portrayed ninjas as expert combatants, their true purpose was to avoid combat, or even detection altogether. A skilled ninja would kill his mark and be gone before anyone even suspected he was there. Ninjas were trained in the arts of disguise, escape, concealment, archery, medicine, explosives, and poisons, a skillset uniquely suited to their particular task.

Although there are a number of other Koryu Bujutsu Japanese martial arts styles, they mostly involve weapons, and will be discussed in the Japanese Martial Arts Weapons section.

Modern Japanese Martial Arts (Gendai Budo)

Judo: Literally translated into “the gentle way” or “the way of softness”, Judo is an extremely popular Japanese martial art style developed in the late 19th century based on grappling, and used for sport as well as personal and spiritual development. While incorporating many jujutsu elements, it mainly involves freestyle practice and is used for competition, while removing many of the more harmful jujutsu aspects. In 1964, Judo became an Olympic sport and is currently practiced the world over.

Aikido: Aikido is one of the most complex and nuanced of the Japanese martial arts styles, and that is reflected in its name, which translates into “the way to harmony with ki”, “ki” meaning life force. Aikido was developed by Morihei Ueshiba in the early-mid 20th century, and focuses primarily on striking, throwing, and joint-locking techniques. Aikido is well known for its fluidity of motion as a signature element of its style. Its principle involves the use of the attacker’s own force against him, with minimal exertion on the part of the wielder. Aikido was influenced significantly by Kenjutsu, the traditional Japanese martial art of sword combat, and in many respects practitioner is acts and moves as an empty-handed swordsman. Aikido also places a strong emphasis on spiritual development, reflecting the importance of spirituality to its founder, and the resultant influence on the martial arts style.

Japanese Karate: Karate, the “way of the empty hand”, was actually not originally a Japanese martial art, having been developed in Okinawa and later influenced by the Chinese. However, early in the 20th century Karate found acceptance in Japan, going so far as to be incorporated into the Japanese public school system. Japanese Karate involves linear punching and kicking, executed from a fixed stance. In this sense, it is very different from the other Japanese martial arts such as Aikido and Judo, which are more fluid in their motions.

Kempo: Kempo is a system of self-defense and self-improvement developed after WWII, based on a modified version of Shaolin Kung-Fu. It involves a combination of strikes, kicks and blocks, as well as pins, joint locks and dodges, making it a middle way between the “hard” styles like Japanese Karate and the more “soft” styles like Judo and Aikido. It was originally introduced into Japan after the war in order to rebuild Japanese morale and spirits, first adopted by large scale corporations for their employees before spreading into the culture of Japan and the larger martial arts world. Now, Kempo is practiced by over 1.5 million people in over 33 countries.

Japanese Martial Arts Weapons

Weapons played a key role in the Japanese Martial Arts, especially during the Koryu Bujutsu phase when they were practically used in combat. Here we will go through a number of Japanese martial arts weapons, as well as the martial arts styles associated with each.

Sword (Katana): Undisputed amongst the hierarchy of Japanese martial arts weapons is the Katana, or the traditional curved sword. The first Katana, with its famous strengthening folding process was forged by legendary swordsmith Amakuni Yasutsuna in 700 AD, with subsequent developments occurring between 987 and 1597 AD. During times of peace, artistry was emphasized, and during times of war, like the 12th century civil war and the 13th century Mongolian invasion, durability, effectiveness, and mass production were more important. The evolution of Swordsmanship was cyclical, with peaceful times being used to invent new techniques, and war times being used to test them. What worked survived, what didn’t, didn’t. During the more than 200 year peaceful period of the Tokugawa Dynasty, the art of swordsmanship changed from one focused on combat and killing to one of personal development and spiritual perfection.

Japanese Martial Arts Weapons Techniques (Katana):

Kenjutsu: the “art of the sword”, this technique is the oldest and used to refer to partnered, one-on-one sword training.

Battojutsu: This is the Art of Drawing a Sword, and involves quickly stepping up to your opponent, drawing your blade, cutting them down in one or two strokes, and re-sheathing the blade. The fact that it has a category onto itself speaks volumes for the philosophy behind Japanese martial arts weapons styles. Battojutso is connected with Iaijutso, or the art of mental presence and immediate reaction, which needs to be perfected if battojutu is to be effective.

Kendo: Kendo, which translates into the “way of the sword”, is a modern, gendai budo Japanese martial arts style. As the sword is no longer a combat weapon, Kendo has reinvented Japanese swordsmanship into a competitive sport. Kendo really took off once the bamboo sword and lightweight wooden armor were introduced, as they allowed for full-speed strikes without the risk of injury. Now, almost all of competitive Kendo is governed by the All Japan Kendo Federation, established in 1951.

Other Japanese Martial Arts Weapons and Martial Arts Styles

Naginata & Naginatajutsu: The naginata was a wooden pole with a curved, single-edged blade at the end. It was used by the samurai, as well as by regular footsoldiers. Naginatajutsua was the art of the naginata, used extensively in traditional Japanese combat. Interestingly, during the Edo period, the Naginata was traditionally a weapon of high-born women, and many practitioners and teachers to this day are women. In the modern world, naginata-do is the ritualistic and competitive form of naginatajutso, practiced by many in Japan and beyond.

Spear & Sojutso: this is the art of fighting with a spear. Although it used to be practiced extensively, and was a primary skill of average soldiers during times of war, it has since declined significantly in popularity, for obvious reasons.

Bow & Kyudo: Kyudo is the “way of the bow”, with the Koryu name being Kyujutsu, or the art of the bow. In traditional Japanese martial arts, the bow and its art was a staple of Samurai discipline, as it was a potent military weapon. When used on horseback, it was even more devastating. However, as Japan adopted firearms, the bow was displaced as a practical instrument of war. Thus, in modern times, Kyudo is practiced for sport and contemplation rather than for warfare.

Other Japanese martial arts weapons exist, such as the tanto (dagger), ryufundo kusari (weighed chain), and jutte (helmet smasher), but the Katana, naginata, spearm and bow were the mainstays of the warrior class.

Japanese Martial Arts List

If the above was a bit too long to read, here is a concise list of the major differing Japanese martial arts styles:

Traditional Japanese Martial Arts Styles

Sumo: earliest style, involves pushing a single opponent over or knocking them from the ring.

Jujutsu: An early style used against samurai and armored opponents, it involves using throws and joint locks to use the enemies own force against them.

Kenjutsu: The art of the sword, involves fighting a single opponent one-on-one with a Katana.

Ninjutsu: The art of the ninja, involves using stealth and indirect or long-range methods of assassination.

Modern Japanese Martial Arts Styles

Judo: “The Gentle Way”, based on grappling, used for sport as well as spiritual and personal development. Judo was accepted as an Olympic sport in 1964.

Aikido: “The Way of Harmony with Ki”, Aikido involves fluid motion and turning the attacker’s own force against him. It is also used for spiritual and personal development.

Japanese Karate: An “imported” martial art to Japan, Japanese Karate is more linear than the other arts, involving direct punches and kicks from a fixed position.

Kempo: Based on Shaolin Kung-Fu, Kempo incorporates direct strikes, kicks, and blocks, as well as indirect pins, joint locks, and dodges. Having been introduced after WWII, is incredibly popular in Japan and throughout the world.

Kendo: The “way of the sword”, Kendo uses bamboo swords and lightweight wooden armor to allow full-speed strikes and has reinvented Japanese sword fighting into a competitive sport rather than an art of war.

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Source by David A Katzevich

Indian Classical Dance Classes – Bharatnatyam Teacher

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Namaste,

Indian culture today has a distinct identity enlivened through Temple traditions. Indian dance forms associated with the evolution and development of Temple arts speak volumes of the great cultural endeavour. Indian dance forms as practiced today have captured global attention sensitising the Indianness in all the cultural vistas of the world.

India offers a number of classical dance forms, each of which can be traced to different parts of the country. Each form represents the culture and ethos of a particular region or a group of people. The most famous classical forms are BHARATANATYAM of Tamilnad, KATHAKALIand MOHINIYATTAM of Kerala, ODISSIof Orissa, KATHAK of Uttarpradesh, KUCHIPUDI of Andhrapradesh and MANIPURI of Manipur.

Dance forms were nurtured with a purpose in the sacred premises of temples. Temple dancing had a mission: to take art to the people and conveying a message to the masses. The monotony of the life of commonness as well as the elite was equally shared in the premises of a Temple. True religion sanctified every element with a touch of beauty.

Art was an effective means to suggest the cosmic truth touching the hearts of the devotees through dance, music, sculpture, architecture or a piece of jewellery, when compared to the effect created by rigid ritualistic practices

Sheetal, founder of Shital Arts, has been a Bharatnatyam dancer since she was 5 years old. She has been performing and teaching this traditional dance form for almost 6 years now. After having a huge success in India, Sheetal has now moved to LA where she continues to share her tremendous knowledge of this dance. She has a diploma in dance from the most renowned dance Institute of India called Nalanda University. She finished her Arangetram (the final mastery of Bharatnatyam) at the age of 16. She conducts classes in Canoga Park and also does private lessons. Besides dancing she also teaches Yoga and is an awesome henna tattoo artist.

Sheetal just did a performance at the California State University Northridge (CSUN) for their International Open Market Festival to spread more awareness about this gracious dance. This was featured in the Sun Dial Magazine – [http://sundial.csun.edu/vnews/display.v/ART/2005/11/21/4381fe76b3090]

Classes are located in the following locations:

1. Canoga Park, San Fernando Valley

2. Los Angeles, Culver City (Pico + La Brea) close to Korea town, Hollywood

If you are looking to learn about this awesome dance form or need an artist for performance – please call us on the numbers below and we will be glad to help you.

Blessings!

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Source by Sheetal Menon

Popular Japanese Tattoo Meanings, Symbolism and Designs

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There has been a phenomenal growth of traditional Japanese tattoo designs in the past few years. It used to be that tattoos were relegated to the Yakuza or Japanese gangs and the criminals in the society. Just the site of a tattoo used to and still can strike fear into people. However, Japan is a rapidly changing country and they are starting to see the value in tattoos and more and more people have a deep respect for them. For most tattoo artists and tattoo enthusiasts alike Japanese designs have always been sought after. Here are some Japanese tattoo meanings and design ideas to help give you a guide of some possibilities if you are interested in getting such a design.

Cherry Blossom Tattoos

For the Japanese the cherry blossom is seen to represent life itself. The flower is a thing of great beauty. It is strong in that is pushes itself and blooms in harsh conditions and climates and often comes out when the snow is first melting. Yet it is paradoxically fragile at the same time. It is fragile because it will only last a few days and then it will fall from the tree and land in the snow. The Japanese view this as a representation of life itself. Life should be lived to extreme beauty and everyday should be lived to it’s fullest. Yet one must always be aware of the possibility of death and therefore with the eventuality of death live life even more fully. This is a great tattoo and a symbol that is laden with powerful reminders and a great guide to how each individual should live their life.

Koi Fish Tattoos

Koi fish are probably the second most powerful symbol in tattoo designs in general but also fro the Japanese. Koi fish can been seen in front of almost every temple throughout Japan. The myth states that the Koi fish swim back up stream against the current to eventually read a bridge or a gate. If they can make it to the gate they are turned into dragons and magically fly away to start a new life. The symbolism behind this design is one of perseverance which is a very deep and important concept for the Japanese. In fact they have many more words to describe perseverance, effort and sticking with something in the language then we do in English.

Hannya Masks

Hannya masks are scary looking and demonic masks. The mask comes from the famous Kabuki plays in Japan and it depicts a women who has been consumed with rage over a lover or someone that has not returned her love. There are different variations as each Kabuki play has a different interpretation. At any rate these masks represent a jealous women. However, they have been widely used in Japanese tattoos and also here in the west. When they are used in tattoo in it is believed that they will ward of evil spirits and bring good luck to the person wearing it. Japanese will also sometimes but these up for display high in the room of their house to ward off evil spirits.

Samurai

Samurai of course lived by the code of Bushido. There is not enough room here to full explain the code of Bushido but it deals with living life to the fullest, being prepared to die in service and being loyal and strong. The concepts of Bushido are pretty much at the heart of all Japanese values and morals and also what is taught to most young kids over and over again through stories. You could say the code of Bushido is the heart of the Japanese culture and beliefs. Samurai’s and samurai tattoos of course are the best symbol of these beliefs.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Chris Ryerson

Bob Ross Oil Painting Technique – Frequently Asked Questions

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The following is a list of frequently asked questions about the BOB ROSS Oil Painting Technique and some instruction about the use and care of the materials.

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This technique refers to the softening of hard edges and most visible brush strokes by blending the wet oil paint on the canvas with a clean, dry brush. In blending, an already painted area is brushed very lightly with criss-cross strokes or by gently tapping with the corner of the brush. This gives colors a soft and natural appearance. Not all oil paints are suitable for this technique – most are too soft and tend to smear. Only a thick, firm paint is suitable for this technique.

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To mix paints to a marbled effect, place the different colored paints on the mixing area of your palette and use your palette knife to pick up and fold the paints together, then pull flat. Streaks of each color should be visible in the mixture. Do not over mix.

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When mixing paints for application over thicker paints already on the canvas, especially when adding highlight colors, thin the paint with LIQUID WHITE, LIQUID CLEAR or ODORLESS THINNER. The rule to remember here is that a thin paint will stick to a thicker paint.

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Painting with the wet on wet technique requires frequent and thorough cleaning of your brushes with paint thinner. An empty one pound coffee can is ideal to hold the thinner, or use any container approximately 5″ in diameter and at-least 6″ deep. Place a Bob Ross Screen in the bottom of the can and fill with odorless thinner approximately 1″ above the screen. Scrub the brushes bristles against the screen to remove paint sediments which will settle on the bottom of the can.

Dry your larger brushes by carefully squeezing them against the inside of the coffee can, then slapping the bristles against a brush beater rack mounted inside of a tall kitchen trash basket to remove the remainder of the thinner. Smaller brushes can be cleaned by wiping them with paper towel or a rag (I highly recommend using Viva paper towels because they are very absorbent). Do not return the brushes to their plastic bags after use, this will cause the bristles to become limp. Never clean your Bob Ross brushes with soap and water or detergent as this will destroy the natural strength of the bristles. Store your brushes with bristles up or lying flat.

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Use the 2″ brush with long, firm vertical and horizontal strokes across the canvas. The coat of Liquid WHITE should be very, very thin and even. Apply just before you begin to paint. Do not allow the paint to dry before you begin.

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I suggest using a palette at least 16″x20″ in size. Try arranging the colors around the outer edge of your palette from light to dark. Leave the center of the palette for mixing your paints.

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To fully load the inside bristles of your brush first hold it perpendicular to the palette and work the bristles into the pile of paint. Then holding the brush at a 45 degree angle, drag the brush across your palette and away from the pile of paint. Flipping your brush from side to side will insure both sides will be loaded evenly.

(NOTE: When the bristles come to a chiseled or sharp flat edge, the brush is loaded correctly.)

For some strokes you may want the end of your brush to be rounded. To do this, stand the brush vertically on the palette. Firmly pull toward you working the brush in one direction. Lift off the palette with each stroke. This will tend to round off the end of the brush, paint with the rounded end up.

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Place the tip of your brush into the can of LIQUID WHITE, LIQUID CLEAR or ODORLESS THINNER allow only a small amount of medium to remain on the bristles. Load your brush by gently dragging it through the highlight colors, repeat as needed. Gently tap the bristles against the palette just enough to open up the bristles and loosen the paint.

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With your palette knife, pull the mixture of paint in a thin layer down across the palette. Holding your knife in a straight upward position, pull the long working edge of your knife diagonally across the paint. This will create a roll of paint on your knife.

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There are no great mysteries to painting. You need only the desire, a few basic techniques and a little practice. lf you are new to this technique, I strongly suggest that you read the entire section on “TIPS AND TECHNIQUES” prior to starting your first painting. Consider each painting you create as a learning experience. Add your own special touch and ideas to each painting you do and your confidence as well as your ability will increase at an unbelievable rate.

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The BOB ROSS technique of painting is dependent upon a special firm oil paint for the base colors. Colors that are used primarily for highlights (Yellows) are manufactured to a thinner consistency for easier mixing and application. The use of proper equipment helps assure the best possible results.

Liquid Clear is a particularly exciting ingredient for wet-on-wet painting. Like Liquid White/Black, it creates the necessary smooth and slippery surface. Additionally, Liquid Clear has the advantage of not diluting the intensity of other colors especially the darks which are so important in painting seascapes. Remember to apply Liquid Clear very sparingly! The tendency is to apply larger amounts than necessary because it is so difficult to see.

13 colors we use are listed below:

*Alizarin Crimson

*Sap Green, Bright Red

*Dark Sienna

*Pthalo Green

Cadmium Yellow

Titanium White,

*Pthalo Blue,

*Indian Yellow

*Van Dyke

Brown

*Midnight Black

Yellow Ochre

*Prussian Blue
(*indicates colors that are transparent or semi-transparent and which may be used as under paints where transparency is required.)

HOW DO I MIX COLORS?

The mixing of colors can be one of the most rewarding and fun parts of painting, but may also be one of the most feared procedures. Devote some time to mixing various color combinations and become familiar with the basic color mixtures. Study the colors in nature and practice duplicating the colors you see around you each day. Within a very short time you will be so comfortable mixing colors that you will look forward to each painting as a new challenge.

SHOULD YOU USE JUST ANY ART PRODUCT FOR THIS METHOD OF PAINTING?

Possibly the #1 problem experienced by individuals when first attempting this technique and the major cause for disappointment revolves around the use of products designed for other styles of painting or materials not designed for artwork at all (i.e. house painting brushes, thin soupy paints, etc.).

All of the paintings for this technique were created using Bob Ross paints, brushes and palette knives. To achieve the best results from your efforts, I strongly recommend that you use only products designed specifically for use with the Bob Ross wet-on-wet technique.

HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE MY PAINTING TO DRY?

Drying time will vary depending on numerous factors such as heat, humidity, thickness of paint, painting surface, brand of paint used, mediums used with the paint, etc. Another factor is the individual colors used. Different colors have different drying times (i.e., normally Blue will dry very fast while colors like Red, White and Yellow are very slow drying). A good average time for an oil painting to dry, when painted in this technique, is approximately one week.

SHOULD I VARNISH MY PAINTINGS?

Varnishing a painting will protect it from the elements. It will also help to keep the colors more vibrant. lf you decide to varnish your painting, I suggested that you wait at least six months. It takes this long for an oil painting to be completely cured. Use a good quality, non-yellowing picture varnish spray. I personally spray my paintings after about 4 weeks and have not had any problems.

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Makler Heidelberg

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Source by Gerald Scott

Want To Downsize Your Home? Invest In A DIY Flat Pack House

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Have all your kids gone away to college? Are you sick of hearing about the global housing crisis? You may be looking to downsize your home to save costs if the answer is yes to those questions. One of the cheapest and fastest ways to go about it is by building your own home. Do It Yourself Flat Pack homes are good options because: 1) you can build them quickly 2) there are many models out there that are high quality and energy efficient, and 3) you can build them in a fraction of the time you would build a traditional home.

As a matter of fact, if you live in the UK, there’s an engineer living there that is designing a home where the biggest part of it can assembled in about four hours. According to Dr. Mike Page, the engineer who designed it, it is as easy to put together as an IKEA bookcase. There isn’t even as much assembly as you’d see in a regular flat pack kit because when customers order these prefabricated home kits, they get the finished product. All that will need to be done will be to add the flat pack furniture, dust your hands off, and you’re done. Voila! Livable Home!

The QB2 Cube House

You can buy the flat pack house between the ranges of £10,500 to £47,000. The QB2 cube house, as it is called, is about 10 ft. tall and 13 ft. wide and allows two people to sleep in comfort. Also importantly, the building doesn’t require any action by the planning commission because it’s only 10 ft. tall. You can see how the designing genius of Dr. Page comes into play when you look at the space saving measures that are incorporated in the building that makes it much roomier than homes of the same size.

Amazingly, the QB2 cube is able to provide a fully functional and comfortable floor plan in its compact design. This is accomplished by combining features in the home such as using a sturdy bookcase as a foundation for a mini-spiral set of stairs. If you bought the QB2, the following components would fit in your home:

  • A bedroom with a large double bed.
  • A large galley bathroom with sink, toilet and full-sized shower.
  • A dining room table that converts into a sofa that.
  • A large and perfectly functional stove and refrigerator.
  • Appliances to include a TV and washing machine.
  • A Mechanical heat recovery HVAC system and low energy lights.

Design Options For The QB2

The shell of the QB2 can be erected in about four hours, but it takes a little longer to add other parts of the home such as the kitchen. There is an option to build the cube home yourself for about £9,495, or let Bolton Buildings build it for you for £10,305.00. This basic model includes ceiling and floor joists, foundation and wall studs.

An additional option costs about £27,208 and will provide insulated walls, roof covering and floors and ceilings. It also has walls with birch lining within them.

Home Decorating Tips For Your DIY

You will need to approach home decorating for this small home a little differently than a regular-sized home because if you don’t, things can look crammed. For instance, some smart use of space would be to delineate rooms by hanging a nice set of curtains on electrical piping curtain rods for an inexpensive and appealing touch to your small home.

Homebuyers looking to downsize their home would do well to check their local companies that provide small DIY flat pack homes like the QB2 cube home. Once the home is assembled, and you begin living in it, you will be amazed at how they take advantage of engineered designs to provide a trendy and modern home that is an enjoyment to live in.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg
Der Immoblienmakler für Heidelberg Mannheim und Karlsruhe
Wir verkaufen für Verkäufer zu 100% kostenfrei
Schnell, zuverlässig und kompetent


Source by Patrick O’Reilly

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