Japanese Paintings

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Painting is one of the most popular forms of art in Japan. Japanese paintings, which were highly influenced by Chinese style of painting, are exquisite and at times can be very intricate. In the Muromachi period (1338-1573), Chinese paintings were introduced in Japan, owing to the influx of Chinese trade. Many Japanese noblemen started purchasing Chinese paintings to adorn their house and developed a liking for the Chinese style of painting. Due to this affinity for Chinese paintings, many Japanese painters adopted this style to create fine masterpieces that would appeal to Japanese taste.

The Japanese painters belonging to the Muromachi period reflected deep sense of space and each painting depicted a story. Later, landscape painting was developed in the Momoyama period (1573-1603); the paintings were usually produced on giant screens. During the Edo period (1603-1867), a different style of painting evolved where paintings had gold leaf backgrounds to create an effect similar to holy mosaics belonging to the Western Medieval period. Around the same time, the Ukiyo-e style emerged; it involved woodblock printing.

In the Meiji period (1868-1912), Japanese paintings came under the influence of western styles as well. Several painting schools were established in Japan and each school pursued a style of their choice. The term “Suibokuga” refers to paintings that utilized black ink for painting. It was inherited from China and bore the distinct mark of Zen Buddhism.

Kano Masanobu, along with his son Kano Motonobu (1476-1559), laid the foundation of the Kano painting school, which was started in protest against the Chinese black ink painting method. The Kano school made use of bright and vibrant colors and experimented with bold compositions that included large and flat areas. These paintings became a source of inspiration for the Ukiyo-e designs. The “nanga” painting style was highly prominent during the Bunka and Bunsai era.

Japanese paintings have managed to capture the hearts of many people mostly due to their sense of space and aesthetic beauty. Japanese artists utilized a wide range of mediums for their paintings. Some of the popular subjects of Japanese paintings include landscapes, women, famous places, and spectacular views.

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Source by Ken Marlborough

How to Develop Your Child’s Interest in Art and Craft!

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Arts and crafts are great ways to help children develop interest in creative things and also gain the ability to appreciate the finer details of life. From drawing and painting, craft to any other type of project that involves making use of creativity, together with out-of-the-box thinking can help develop the child’s mental stimulation together with making the child a more rounded individual. If you want your children to have a complete personality, then it’s crucial to develop their interest in art and craft at an early age and here are five tips to help you in your mission of bringing your children closer to the world of art and crafts.

1. Show your Children that Art can be Fun

Children are more liable to be interested in arts and crafts if you make it look and sound fun. Instead of sending kids off to their room with a colouring book and some art and craft supplies like crayons or sketch pens, you can try to turn it into a game or a fun activity. Always join your kids in their art experiments and turn it into a team activity. This way you can also bond with your children better and give them some memories to cherish once they grow up. Also, another crucial thing is never to force art upon your children or it will take away all the fun and learning from it. So be encouraging without being too pushy.

2. Target their Interests

Taking tip number 1 a little further, a good way of encouraging your children into taking up art and crafts is by focusing on their interest area. For example, if your children are fond of watching superhero cartoons on television, then you can start their journey into the art world by beginning with some superhero project. If the art work is based on something that your children like or adore, then there are more chances that they will enjoy it better. So, it is important that you base the creative endeavor on something your children are interested in.

3. Invest in some Good Quality Art and Craft Supplies

Small children are naturally attracted towards new, shiny and colourful objects. While art and craft supplies are naturally colourful, you can choose the more appealing ones with pictures of cartoon characters or superheroes on the cover and go in for school stationery in attractive shapes and colours as such art and craft supplies are bound to be even more attractive to children. Also, never underestimate the importance of good quality when it comes to choosing art and craft supplies are good quality will always boost the performance of your budding artists.

4. Take your Children along to Buy Art and Craft Supplies

Visiting a craft store with your kids will help to expose your children to a wide variety of arts and craft supplies like crayons, painting brushes, poster paints, acrylic paints, glass and fabric paints, glitters, different types of paper, craft tools etc. Let your children pick out the art and craft supplies that they like and this way they will always be interested in art.

5. Decorate your Home with Art your Children Have Created

This is a sure shot way to get kids glued to art and crafts. Displaying the works of art that your children have created on the mantle, the showcase, on top of the fridge or on the living room table is perhaps the best way to encourage them. When your children see their artwork decorating the house, they will not just feel happy but will also realize that what they have created is beautiful and has value.

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Source by Shiv K Gupta

Japanese Animation – The Forgotten Anime History

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Japan Animation has a long history of animation, that in fact, it dates back as early as cartoon animation. It’s even presumed that Japan animation may actually predate american cartoon animation. In July 2005 several Japanese newspapers reported a discovery of a small film stock of animation film in a private residence in Kyoto, Japan.

The aged film was approximately fifty frames long which accounts for a little more than three seconds of screen time. The film shows a boy in a sailor uniform drawing characters for a movie picture on a blackboard.

Unfortunately, a lot is unknown by this great Japanese Animation. Discoverers were unable to pin down the artist responsible for this great discovery and they are also unable to accurately date the exact age of the film. However, it’s speculated that the film may date around 1907, which would predate the first Japanese animation by ten years and the first american cartoon animation by seven years.

Though, since the film cannot be accurately dated, the jury is still out on declaring the small Kyoto film as the world’s first animation.

But even without the discovery of the Kyoto film, Japanese anime still has a very long history. In January of 1917 the first five-minute anime short was screened publicly and created by Oten Shimokawa, Mukuzo Imokawa the Doorman (Imokawa Mukuzo Genkanban no Maki).

To produce the Japanese anime Mukuzo Imokawa the Doorman, Oten Shimokawa used a similar technique that was used in first animated short called Humorous Phases of Funny Faces, produced by J. Stuart Blackton in 1906.

To produce the animation, both artists used stop-motion techniques that virtually applied to the same principles that makes static images in a flip-book to appear as if the animation were moving at thumb speed. The essential method was drawing separate images on a blackboard in chalk, film them for a frame or two and alter them slightly and film it again.

As Japan Animation moves into the 1920′s, like cartoon animation, there were many great films produced as theatrical-shorts. A few of the earliest and still viewable today are: The Mountain Where Old Women are Abandoned (Obasuteyama) 1924 and The Tortoise and the Hare (Usagi to Kane) 1924.

One of the most remarkable anime films in the twenties was The Whale (Kujira) 1927 as it is the first anime to feature sound. The Whale (Kujira) anime feature was only a simple silhouette, animated to move in time with the William Tell Overture instrumental song.

But none the less, Japanese animation has a long thorough history that goes back as far as the ever-expanding history of animation. And while many of these anime animations are now forgotten, Japanese anime still continues to invent and re-inventing new styles of animation for the world-wide audience.

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Source by Dominique A. Edwards

Painting Business – 13 Point Checklist of Essential Tools Most Needed to Start a Painting Business

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If you are considering starting a commercial or residential painting business you will only need some basic low-cost tools to start with. You can buy other tools as more jobs come along and with your down payments. Here is a list of the most essential painting business tools needed to get you started.

1.) Quality Cage Frame – Also known as a paint roller. Wooster and Purdy both have strong, commercial-use cage frames sold at most professional paint stores.

2.) Extension Pole – Get yourself a good medium-size fiberglass extension pole for rolling out walls and ceilings.

3.) Wall-Sander – I always sand walls and ceilings before I roll them out. It cleans up cobwebs and anything else that needs to be knocked down to make the walls and ceilings smooth.

4.) Roller Bucket – I use Wooster’s roller bucket. It is tall, square and has a lid. It is made out of durable plastic and balances a lot better than a paint tray and washes out easy. It’s a must have.

5.) Cut-in Bucket – I like to put some paint in a small plastic bucket for cutting in. There are small 1-gallon buckets of drywall compound that when empty make a great cut-bucket plus they have a lid. They will last for years.

6.) Step Ladder – A regular wooden 5-foot step ladder works perfect for most homes. If I need a 6-foot ladder I have an aluminum one for that. Most of the time all I need is my 5-footer and I am only 5’6″ so there you go.

7.) 16′ Extension Ladder – Great for stairwells or ranch-style exterior jobs. I use my 16-foot extension ladder more than any other size. I also have 20′ and a 24′ extension ladders, but i couldn’t get by without my little 16-footer.8.) Drop Cloths – I like using the runner type the most. They are inexpensive, light to carry and can be moved around the room easily. I also have 9 x 12’s on hand.

9.) Fluorescent Light – Interior painting without a fluorescent light is nearly impossible, especially on a cloudy day. Fluorescent light is a nice white light that is great for painting and shows up the colors in their true form.

10.) Tool Bucket – An empty 5-gallon bucket makes a great tool bucket. I keep my pliers, a hammer, razor-blade knives, a caulk gun, etc., in my tool bucket.

11.) Small Fan – I bought a $30 blower type fan made by Stanley Tools from Walmart. It dries out walls and ceilings quickly so you can get back to work cutting in and moving around the room without it being wet.

12.) Drywall compound – I hate Spackle. It flashes under paint jobs. I use the Sheetrock brand of 90-minute quick-dry drywall compound found at Lowes or other hardware stores for around $11 a bag. It will last me all year long. It is the powder formula and is easy to mix up right on the job with water and a small cut bucket. This way you don’t have to carry a heavy 5-gallon pale around with you that can also freeze during the wintertime and can get lots of chunks in it over time.

13.) Caulk Gun – I use painters caulk all the time to fill small gaps between woodwork, trim and walls. Most paint stores have it on hand. I use the 35-year interior/exterior type.

So there you have it. If you are considering starting your own painting business and want to know how much it will cost to get started this list will help you. I would guess off hand that everything on the list totals around $300. If you already have a step ladder and even a small extension ladder, this will cut the start up cost down considerably.

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Source by Lee Cusano

Children for Adoption – What’s the Difference Between Adopting a Child and Sponsoring a Child?

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Kind-hearted people confronted with photographs of needy children in the world’s poorest countries sometimes ask, “Is adoption the answer?”

Celebrities such as Angelina Jolie and Madonna have, after all, adopted several children from developing countries. They are bringing these children up a world away from their poverty-stricken beginnings.

Adoption is a huge undertaking. Even when it involves children from within the United States, it means complete life changes for both the adopter and adoptee. The child becomes part of the family forever, with all the joys and responsibilities that brings. Children available for adoption overseas present more challenges, such as legal and financial obstacles. The new parents are aware that the adopted child is leaving his or her community, culture and heritage far behind. Sensitive adjustments are needed to make the transition a happy one.

Overseas adoption can certainly be worth the effort. But adopting a child, particularly one from a far-off country, is a serious and lifelong commitment. Would-be adopters are truly compassionate. They want to help children who are barely surviving in the poorest regions of Africa, Asia and Central and South America. So many of these children are malnourished and lack even the basics such as clean water or adequate shelter. They have never had medicines or health care and may never be educated.

There is, though, a simpler way to help a child in need. It is not as complex as adoption, but it will still transform a child’s life forever. That way is through child sponsorship. So what’s the difference between adopting a child and sponsoring a child?

By paying just a few dollars a month, a sponsor ensures that the sponsored child is supplied with:

• food and clean water

• safe shelter

• medical checkups including immunizations

• educational opportunities

• life-skills training

Many charities that offer sponsorship programs also provide Christian teaching and support as well as practical help. Children learn about God’s love and see how it alters their existence for all time.

With the support of a sponsor, a child usually can stay within his or her community and country. The difference is that there is real hope for the future. A child who is properly nourished, educated and trained in different skills can grow up to lead a purposeful life. Instead of continuing in a downward spiral of poverty and ignorance, the sponsored child can be a force for good. He or she could even train to be a doctor or teacher, and help others in turn.

A sponsor is linked to one particular child from the start. The two get to know one another through exchanging letters and photographs. Sponsored children treasure the fact that someone far away cares for them. They love to know about their sponsor, and to share information about their very different lives.

Over the months and years a real and rewarding closeness develops. Some sponsors even travel to meet their child and build even stronger links with them. Both adopting and sponsoring a child involves building a long-term loving relationship. The important aim is to bring the most effective help to a child in need.

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Source by Jeremy P Stanfords

Why Steamboat Springs Is the Ideal Place to Live

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Three hours from a major city, 331 inches of average annual snow fall, 59 annual average frost free days, and less than 11,000 people…those are the first reasons why Steamboat Springs, CO is the ideal place to live, now let me give you a few more. I’ll try to be brief, but keep in mind, there’s more where this is coming from! First and foremost, the community is in fact, a community first, and a world-class ski resort second. Ask anyone who lives here and they’ll be happy to tell you that in Steamboat Springs you have friends and neighbors who care about you and watch out for you. There’s a moose in your drive-way? Rest assured, one of your neighbors will call and let you know. Ask any second home owner or visitor about Steamboat Springs, and one of the first things they’ll say is that the people in our town are so friendly. This fact alone would make Steamboat Springs, CO the perfect place to call home and without a doubt the ideal place to raise a family – let me say it one last time before moving on, “the people are nice and the people here care about you.”

OK so everyone’s nice, but I get asked, “What do you do when you’re 3+ hours from a major city, and it’s cold and snowy so many days of the year?” Well let’s start with summer when it’s not cold and snowy and people come to this ski resort town and without a trace of champagne powder on the ground they spend a week here and decide to stay. Summertime in Steamboat Springs, CO brings the free concerts at the base of Howelsen Hill, fly-fishing in the Yampa and Elk Rivers, hiking and biking on trails for every level and surrounded by Rocky Mountain beauty, golfing at public or private courses, the weekend rodeo that thrills both locals and visitors, and of course tubing down the Yampa River for those who like to beat the heat in chilly, fresh mountain water. Summertime also means the annual July 4th parade, Art-in-the-Park, Hot Air balloon festival, Steamboat Running & Bike Series races…and after all this activity, a margarita on the Rio deck, a brick oven pizza sitting on Rex’s back patio, or an ice cream cone from Johnny B. Good’s take-out window hit the spot. Locals in Steamboat Springs take full advantage of the short, but very sweet summer season – we know winter is right around the corner.

And now for winter…how do we Steamboat locals co-exist with the thousands of skiers and snowboarders who come year-after-year for our champagne powder and western hospitality? Well for starters, you’re likely to see mostly locals in the gondola line at 7:45am because we’ve listened to the 5:00am snow report and know there’s 14 inches of powder on Storm Peak that need to be skied before heading into work a little later than normal, but totally refreshed and energized for the day! But we don’t just ski here in Ski Town USA, when you live here and it’s wintertime, you take your kids to Winter Sports Club, you take a dip in the Old Town Hot Springs pools, you snowshoe in the moonlight to the perfect spot for sitting and drinking some wine that was in your backpack all night, and you hit the early bird special at the Orr House where a sizzling steak and huge salad bar await. Local winter events that even us locals wait for every year include the Winter Carnival where the high school band “marches” down Lincoln Avenue on skis, there are races where (if you’re brave) you’re pulled by a horse while sitting on a shovel, and then you trek over to Howelsen Hill to spend an evening watching fireworks where the lighted man skis down the hill, shooting fireworks from multiple body locations…some things you just have to see to believe.

So now that we’ve hit on the two main Steamboat Springs’ seasons, I’d like to share with you the everyday amenities we have here that don’t take 45 minutes in rush hour traffic to get to – like Steamboat’s LEED-Silver certified Bud Werner Memorial Library located on the banks of the Yampa River and home to not only an expansive book and magazine collection, but also to public computers, a lively children’s section, local history room, public meeting rooms and some of the best views (with cozy seating )of the Yampa River. Where there’s a state-of-the-art public library you might think education is pretty important too, and you’d be right…from the 3 local Steamboat Springs’ public elementary schools which feed into the Steamboat Springs’ Middle and High Schools to our private schools where Lowell Whiteman draws students from an international base of applicants each year. Top that off with Colorado Mountain College, a community college who just started offering some 4 year degrees, and you can see we have quite a robust educational system here in Steamboat Springs, CO.

High speed internet affords those who are lucky enough to have location neutral jobs the opportunity to work in our Rocky Mountain paradise versus a corporate high rise home office in the suburbs. And high speed internet helps the up and coming local companies like SmartWool, Moots and Big Agnes compete globally. I digress, back to the amenities that don’t take 45 minutes (ok, be honest, an hour) to get to…here’s the short list: ice skating rink, state-of-the-art tennis center, equestrian centers, Strings’ music pavilion, Nordic ski centers, movie theaters, bowling alley and fabulous local restaurants. One last area to address because even though we like to think we’re the epitome of health and fitness here in Steamboat Springs, we do get sick and we do get injured, and to fix us up and nurse us back to health, the Yampa Valley Medical Center is staffed by some of the best doctors and specialists in the country and it’s supported by numerous private medical practices that address any possible ailment…from the bum knee that’s gonna need replacement at some point, to the sore back in need of some realignment.

So there you have it…and of course there’s more. We wouldn’t love living here so much if every wonderful thing about Steamboat could be captured in a 4 paragraph blog. You just have to come and enjoy our northwest Colorado paradise with us in all four seasons to truly appreciate what Steamboat offers. But remember, the most important thing is the wonderful people you’ll meet here. We’ll want to know where you’re from, what brought you here and then we’ll want to share our favorite Steamboat pastime as well as our favorite restaurant with you. And if you get stuck on the way up Rabbit Ears pass in January, we’ll probably be nice enough to stop and help you put chains on your tires too. Gotta run, it’s a powder morning…or it will be in about 4 months!

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Source by Charlie Dresen

His Most Famous Painting (The Walk Home) – Julian Schnabel

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American painter, sculptor and filmmaker, Julian Schnabel (born, 1951) is a recognized name in Hollywood, who has also been a front-runner of ‘Neo-Expressionism.’ He entered the field of art through his first solo exhibition in the year 1975, when painting as an art, was losing its sheen. Schnabel is known for his overly assertive ways of self-promotion, often to the ire of the critics and art admirers. His style of painting is full of brashness, provocation, and raw force of expression. Schnabel’s magnum opus, “The Walk Home,” remains the most significant corroborator of his undisputed authority over the ‘Modern Expressionist’ art.

“The Walk Home” is a large piece, 9’3″ X 19’4″ in dimension, created during 1984-85, and currently put on display at the Museum of Contemporary Art at Los Angeles. This painting beautifully carries the distinguishing elements of the resurrected art of painting in the form of defiant ‘Abstractionism,’ where the artists refuse to confine their works to pure paints over flat canvas. Actually, “The Walk Home” is an ‘Abstract’ piece of work set in varied media, such as broken pieces of crockery, metals like bronze & copper, pieces of fiberglass, and oil paints, over a base made of wood. This work represents a blend of mosaic, painting, and minor relief work as a revolutionary practice in an otherwise staid art of painting. In line with most of the sects of ‘Modern Art,’ “The Walk Home” also focuses more on the technique of presentation, rather than merely on a thematic expression.

The modern artists dismiss the concept of singleness of the meaning of an artwork and they prefer to keep it open to the different sections of admirers to interpret the meaning their way. The theme of Julian’s “The Walk Home” is believed to be centered on the fable of a king who was attacked by unknown assailants, who hid in waiting, on his way home. Arguably, it indirectly, symbolizes the artist’s resentment against the conventional landscape of art, where each new movement of artistic rendition has tried to cannibalize its previous generation. It further reflects an artist’s befuddlement, amid the haze of the ‘Post-Modernist’ art scenario, in identifying the way back to where they belong. The bold color scheme and thick brush strokes, embodiment of the trapped coarse energy and overflowing emotions over assorted random media, add to the dramatic appeal of the depiction, ranking it as one of the masterpieces of modern creativity.

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Source by Annette Labedzki

Tips on Buying Inuit Art As an Investment

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First, buy contemporary art. Some of the older carvings can be a good investment only if you are sure that they will increase in value over time. The thing is they are already old and expensive, so they won’t grow in price as much as contemporary art. On top of that, there are many old Inuit carvings that simply don’t worth anything, you really have to be an expert in older Inuit art to buy it or you are at a huge risk of overpaying. With contemporary art, there are comparison, so you can check similar carvings by the same Inuit artists at different galleries and make sure you are paying a fair value.

The best place to shop for Inuit art is online Inuit art galleries. You will see that prices at online galleries are lower than at brick and mortar galleries. Actual stores have to pay rent, utilities, employees’ salaries and they have to mark up their prices a lot. Online Inuit art galleries buy sculptures directly from the artist and don’t have any additional expenses, they are just a middle man between you and the artist.

You may be curious to find out if there is a way to eliminate any middle men and buy Inuit art directly from the artists. Unfortunately, it’s not that easy, virtually impossible. You would have to go to a Canadian northern community yourself. You cannot drive, there are no roads, the only way to get there is by airplane. The airplane ticket alone will cost you at least 2,000 dollars. Now, once you arrive to Cape Dorset, Sanikiluaq or any other Inuit community, you need to rent a room in a hotel, that would cost you 200 dollars a night. Then you would have to rent a truck because there is no public transportation, you would have to eat something and food is expensive too. And even after all these expenses there is no guarantee that you will find any carvings to buy. There are times when Inuit communities are completely dry, carvings wise, because it’s not a season or somebody else just bought everything before you. The best time to go on a carving adventure is in fall, because Inuit artists get their stone in late spring and summer and there are usually many carvings for sale by fall season. The worst time to travel would be in early spring, you are at a high risk of not finding any carvings for sale.

Another tip is to look for well known artists. Buy Inuit art by internationally recognized carvers like Nuna Parr, Jimmy Iqaluq or Paul Kavik. Although their art is already quite pricey, you can be sure that it will appreciate over time even more, especially when they retire from the trade. There are many younger artists whose art is much less expensive than art from master carvers, but it may be a better investment opportunity to purchase from them. For example, if you acquire a dancing bear by Noo Atsiaq, who is a younger promising artist, you will pay only a fraction of the price as compared to Nuna Parr’s bear. However, in only about ten years Noo Atsiaq will be as famous if not more as Nuna Parr, and you will be able to get a good return on your investment.

One last thing, make sure you like what you are buying, After all, Inuit carvings, as any art, are all about perception. If people don’t like the particular Inuit sculpture, no matter how famous the Inuit artist is, you will have a hard time selling his carving for big profit.

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Source by Natalia H

Japanese Martial Arts: History, Styles, and Weapons

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Japanese Martial Arts

The history of the island nation of Japan paints a clear picture of a proud and powerful people forging a national identity, robust culture, and unique way of life from the crucible of war and uncertain peace. Central to this culture was the concept of martial valor, of being able to fight aggressively as well as defensively, both for the very practical purposes of waging war along with strong notions of duty, honor, and personal development. It was from this militaristic and spiritual foundation that the Japanese martial arts styles, of which there are legion and which will be discussed throughout this article, developed.

History

Broadly speaking, the history of Japanese martial arts can be broken down into two categories: Koryu Bujutsu (bujutsu meaning the practical application of martial tactics and techniques in actual combat) and Gendai Budo (budo meaning a way of life encompassing physical, spiritual, and moral dimensions with a focus of self-improvement, fulfillment, or personal growth).

Koryu Bujutsu encompasses the more ancient, traditional Japanese fighting styles, while Gendai Budo is more modern. The division between them occurred after the Meiji Restoration (1868), when the Emperor was restored to practical political power and Japan began the process of modernization in haste. Prior to the Restoration, the Koryu styles focused extensively, if not exclusively, on practical warfare. The Samurai, or warrior caste were expected to be masters of all forms of combat, armed and otherwise. Their martial arts evolved as weapons and technology did, but the focus always remained the same: victory in actual combat, for their own honor and for the cause of their ruler.

However, with the Meiji Restoration and the modernization of Japan, including the large-scale introduction of firearms, the traditional Japanese fighting styles of the samurai became outdated and no longer useful for their practical purpose of military combat. In their wake, the Japanese martial arts styles evolved into what came to be known as Gendai Budo, which focused far less on broad-scale military application and far more on self-improvement and personal growth. They became not just a tool for military victory, but a vital component of a fulfilling, meaningful, and spiritually connected way of life.

Interestingly, this distinction can be noted in the differing terminology: the traditional techniques were referred to as bujutsu, which specifically relates to waging war, while the modern styles are collectively known as budo, which are far more involved with personal betterment.

Styles

Traditional Japanese Martial Arts (Koryu Bujutsu)

Sumo: The oldest of Japanese martial arts styles is sumo, named after the emperor who popularized it (Shumo Tenno) in 728 AD. However, the origins of the fighting style go back long before him, to 23 AD, when the first sumo battle was fought, watched over by the emperor and continuing until one of the fighters was too wounded to continue. After Emperor Shumo reintroduced the sport, it became a staple of the annual harvest festival, spreading throughout Japan and even incorporated into military training. From the 17th century onward, it became a professional sport in every regard, open to all classes, samurai and peasants alike. The rules of the sport are simple: The first man to touch the ground with a part of the body other than the bottom of the feet, or touch the ground outside the ring with any part of the body, loses. It is still an incredibly popular sport in Japan to this day, followed religiously be legions of fervent fans.

Jujutsu: This Japanese martial arts style literally translates into “soft skills”, and uses indirect force such as joint locks and throws to defeat an opponent, rather than direct force like punches and kicks, to use the attackers force against them and counterattack where they are weakest. It was initially developed to fight against the samurai, who often terrorized townspeople, as more direct forms of combat proved ineffective against well-armored foes. Small weapons such as daggers, weighed chains, and helmet smashers (tanto, ryufundo kusari, and jutte, respectively) were used as well in jujutsu. Many elements of jujutsu have been incorporated into a wide variety of more modern Japanese martial arts, including judo, aikido, and non-Japanese martial arts styles like karate.

Ninjutsu: Ninjutsu, or the art of the Ninja, has in the modern period grown to become one of the best known styles of Japanese martial arts. However, when it was developed, Ninjas were used as assassins during the turbulent Warring States Period. Although many a martial arts movie has portrayed ninjas as expert combatants, their true purpose was to avoid combat, or even detection altogether. A skilled ninja would kill his mark and be gone before anyone even suspected he was there. Ninjas were trained in the arts of disguise, escape, concealment, archery, medicine, explosives, and poisons, a skillset uniquely suited to their particular task.

Although there are a number of other Koryu Bujutsu Japanese martial arts styles, they mostly involve weapons, and will be discussed in the Japanese Martial Arts Weapons section.

Modern Japanese Martial Arts (Gendai Budo)

Judo: Literally translated into “the gentle way” or “the way of softness”, Judo is an extremely popular Japanese martial art style developed in the late 19th century based on grappling, and used for sport as well as personal and spiritual development. While incorporating many jujutsu elements, it mainly involves freestyle practice and is used for competition, while removing many of the more harmful jujutsu aspects. In 1964, Judo became an Olympic sport and is currently practiced the world over.

Aikido: Aikido is one of the most complex and nuanced of the Japanese martial arts styles, and that is reflected in its name, which translates into “the way to harmony with ki”, “ki” meaning life force. Aikido was developed by Morihei Ueshiba in the early-mid 20th century, and focuses primarily on striking, throwing, and joint-locking techniques. Aikido is well known for its fluidity of motion as a signature element of its style. Its principle involves the use of the attacker’s own force against him, with minimal exertion on the part of the wielder. Aikido was influenced significantly by Kenjutsu, the traditional Japanese martial art of sword combat, and in many respects practitioner is acts and moves as an empty-handed swordsman. Aikido also places a strong emphasis on spiritual development, reflecting the importance of spirituality to its founder, and the resultant influence on the martial arts style.

Japanese Karate: Karate, the “way of the empty hand”, was actually not originally a Japanese martial art, having been developed in Okinawa and later influenced by the Chinese. However, early in the 20th century Karate found acceptance in Japan, going so far as to be incorporated into the Japanese public school system. Japanese Karate involves linear punching and kicking, executed from a fixed stance. In this sense, it is very different from the other Japanese martial arts such as Aikido and Judo, which are more fluid in their motions.

Kempo: Kempo is a system of self-defense and self-improvement developed after WWII, based on a modified version of Shaolin Kung-Fu. It involves a combination of strikes, kicks and blocks, as well as pins, joint locks and dodges, making it a middle way between the “hard” styles like Japanese Karate and the more “soft” styles like Judo and Aikido. It was originally introduced into Japan after the war in order to rebuild Japanese morale and spirits, first adopted by large scale corporations for their employees before spreading into the culture of Japan and the larger martial arts world. Now, Kempo is practiced by over 1.5 million people in over 33 countries.

Japanese Martial Arts Weapons

Weapons played a key role in the Japanese Martial Arts, especially during the Koryu Bujutsu phase when they were practically used in combat. Here we will go through a number of Japanese martial arts weapons, as well as the martial arts styles associated with each.

Sword (Katana): Undisputed amongst the hierarchy of Japanese martial arts weapons is the Katana, or the traditional curved sword. The first Katana, with its famous strengthening folding process was forged by legendary swordsmith Amakuni Yasutsuna in 700 AD, with subsequent developments occurring between 987 and 1597 AD. During times of peace, artistry was emphasized, and during times of war, like the 12th century civil war and the 13th century Mongolian invasion, durability, effectiveness, and mass production were more important. The evolution of Swordsmanship was cyclical, with peaceful times being used to invent new techniques, and war times being used to test them. What worked survived, what didn’t, didn’t. During the more than 200 year peaceful period of the Tokugawa Dynasty, the art of swordsmanship changed from one focused on combat and killing to one of personal development and spiritual perfection.

Japanese Martial Arts Weapons Techniques (Katana):

Kenjutsu: the “art of the sword”, this technique is the oldest and used to refer to partnered, one-on-one sword training.

Battojutsu: This is the Art of Drawing a Sword, and involves quickly stepping up to your opponent, drawing your blade, cutting them down in one or two strokes, and re-sheathing the blade. The fact that it has a category onto itself speaks volumes for the philosophy behind Japanese martial arts weapons styles. Battojutso is connected with Iaijutso, or the art of mental presence and immediate reaction, which needs to be perfected if battojutu is to be effective.

Kendo: Kendo, which translates into the “way of the sword”, is a modern, gendai budo Japanese martial arts style. As the sword is no longer a combat weapon, Kendo has reinvented Japanese swordsmanship into a competitive sport. Kendo really took off once the bamboo sword and lightweight wooden armor were introduced, as they allowed for full-speed strikes without the risk of injury. Now, almost all of competitive Kendo is governed by the All Japan Kendo Federation, established in 1951.

Other Japanese Martial Arts Weapons and Martial Arts Styles

Naginata & Naginatajutsu: The naginata was a wooden pole with a curved, single-edged blade at the end. It was used by the samurai, as well as by regular footsoldiers. Naginatajutsua was the art of the naginata, used extensively in traditional Japanese combat. Interestingly, during the Edo period, the Naginata was traditionally a weapon of high-born women, and many practitioners and teachers to this day are women. In the modern world, naginata-do is the ritualistic and competitive form of naginatajutso, practiced by many in Japan and beyond.

Spear & Sojutso: this is the art of fighting with a spear. Although it used to be practiced extensively, and was a primary skill of average soldiers during times of war, it has since declined significantly in popularity, for obvious reasons.

Bow & Kyudo: Kyudo is the “way of the bow”, with the Koryu name being Kyujutsu, or the art of the bow. In traditional Japanese martial arts, the bow and its art was a staple of Samurai discipline, as it was a potent military weapon. When used on horseback, it was even more devastating. However, as Japan adopted firearms, the bow was displaced as a practical instrument of war. Thus, in modern times, Kyudo is practiced for sport and contemplation rather than for warfare.

Other Japanese martial arts weapons exist, such as the tanto (dagger), ryufundo kusari (weighed chain), and jutte (helmet smasher), but the Katana, naginata, spearm and bow were the mainstays of the warrior class.

Japanese Martial Arts List

If the above was a bit too long to read, here is a concise list of the major differing Japanese martial arts styles:

Traditional Japanese Martial Arts Styles

Sumo: earliest style, involves pushing a single opponent over or knocking them from the ring.

Jujutsu: An early style used against samurai and armored opponents, it involves using throws and joint locks to use the enemies own force against them.

Kenjutsu: The art of the sword, involves fighting a single opponent one-on-one with a Katana.

Ninjutsu: The art of the ninja, involves using stealth and indirect or long-range methods of assassination.

Modern Japanese Martial Arts Styles

Judo: “The Gentle Way”, based on grappling, used for sport as well as spiritual and personal development. Judo was accepted as an Olympic sport in 1964.

Aikido: “The Way of Harmony with Ki”, Aikido involves fluid motion and turning the attacker’s own force against him. It is also used for spiritual and personal development.

Japanese Karate: An “imported” martial art to Japan, Japanese Karate is more linear than the other arts, involving direct punches and kicks from a fixed position.

Kempo: Based on Shaolin Kung-Fu, Kempo incorporates direct strikes, kicks, and blocks, as well as indirect pins, joint locks, and dodges. Having been introduced after WWII, is incredibly popular in Japan and throughout the world.

Kendo: The “way of the sword”, Kendo uses bamboo swords and lightweight wooden armor to allow full-speed strikes and has reinvented Japanese sword fighting into a competitive sport rather than an art of war.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg
Der Immoblienmakler für Heidelberg Mannheim und Karlsruhe
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Source by David A Katzevich

Indian Classical Dance Classes – Bharatnatyam Teacher

Kostenlose Immobilienbewertung

Namaste,

Indian culture today has a distinct identity enlivened through Temple traditions. Indian dance forms associated with the evolution and development of Temple arts speak volumes of the great cultural endeavour. Indian dance forms as practiced today have captured global attention sensitising the Indianness in all the cultural vistas of the world.

India offers a number of classical dance forms, each of which can be traced to different parts of the country. Each form represents the culture and ethos of a particular region or a group of people. The most famous classical forms are BHARATANATYAM of Tamilnad, KATHAKALIand MOHINIYATTAM of Kerala, ODISSIof Orissa, KATHAK of Uttarpradesh, KUCHIPUDI of Andhrapradesh and MANIPURI of Manipur.

Dance forms were nurtured with a purpose in the sacred premises of temples. Temple dancing had a mission: to take art to the people and conveying a message to the masses. The monotony of the life of commonness as well as the elite was equally shared in the premises of a Temple. True religion sanctified every element with a touch of beauty.

Art was an effective means to suggest the cosmic truth touching the hearts of the devotees through dance, music, sculpture, architecture or a piece of jewellery, when compared to the effect created by rigid ritualistic practices

Sheetal, founder of Shital Arts, has been a Bharatnatyam dancer since she was 5 years old. She has been performing and teaching this traditional dance form for almost 6 years now. After having a huge success in India, Sheetal has now moved to LA where she continues to share her tremendous knowledge of this dance. She has a diploma in dance from the most renowned dance Institute of India called Nalanda University. She finished her Arangetram (the final mastery of Bharatnatyam) at the age of 16. She conducts classes in Canoga Park and also does private lessons. Besides dancing she also teaches Yoga and is an awesome henna tattoo artist.

Sheetal just did a performance at the California State University Northridge (CSUN) for their International Open Market Festival to spread more awareness about this gracious dance. This was featured in the Sun Dial Magazine – [http://sundial.csun.edu/vnews/display.v/ART/2005/11/21/4381fe76b3090]

Classes are located in the following locations:

1. Canoga Park, San Fernando Valley

2. Los Angeles, Culver City (Pico + La Brea) close to Korea town, Hollywood

If you are looking to learn about this awesome dance form or need an artist for performance – please call us on the numbers below and we will be glad to help you.

Blessings!

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg
Der Immoblienmakler für Heidelberg Mannheim und Karlsruhe
Wir verkaufen für Verkäufer zu 100% kostenfrei
Schnell, zuverlässig und kompetent


Source by Sheetal Menon

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