How the Planets Are Aligned

This is the mathematical story of how our solar system is arranged. Each planet is a specific distance from the next planet. The mean distance between the planets is 1.62 x 10^9 meters. that is basically equal to (PHI)(1 x 10^9) meters; or φ x 1000000000 = 1,682,000,000m

The center circle represents the Sun even though the size is not proportional.

The CAD program would not allow me to use proportionate circles and still be able to view the picture. In fact I had a hard time making small circles. This is because I didn’t know how to use the program correctly at the time.

Right on top of the Sun at the beginning of the spiral is Mercury. The planets go in order from there.

Sun = Center

Distance from preceding planet —— Distance from the Sun

Mercury = Beginning of spiral = 1 @ 58 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Venus = 2nd on spiral = 1.86 @ 108 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Earth = 3rd on spiral = 1.39 @ 149.66 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Mars = 4th on spiral = 1.52 @ 226.82 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Asteroid Belt = 5th on spiral = 1.71 @ 502.66 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Jupiter = 6th on spiral = 1.71 @ 778.5 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Saturn = 7th on spiral = 1.82 @ 1350 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Uranus = 8th on the spiral = 2.01 @ 2880 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Neptune = 9th on spiral = 1.56 @ 4500 x 10^9 meters from the Sun.

Average distance between planets = 1.62 x 10^9 meters

Our solar system is basically arranged by using the Golden Mean φ = (PHI) = 1.618 as a base measure to separate the planets. the spiral is actually a dual spiral consisting of φ, and a Fibonacci sequential pattern. The Fibonacci sequence is the male aspect, and φ is the female aspect of the spiral.

Beginning with Venus we start to add the sequential distances. We do not include Mercuries distance because it is the first 1 planet and the second 1in the Fibonacci sequence.

Sun = 1 + Mercury = 1; so Venus = 2 where we start the count of all the planets distances from the Sun.

Sum of distance between planets —– Fibonacci and φ^x – 1 sequential order.

Mercury = 1; Fib seq.= 1; φ^1 – 1 =.618; difference =.382

Venus = 1.86; Fib seq. = 2; φ^2 – 1 = 1.618; difference =.14;.242

Earth = 3.25; Fib seq. = 3; φ^3 – 1 = 3.24; difference =.25;.01

Mars = 4.77; Fib seq. = 5; difference =.23

Asteroid Belt = 6.48; φ^4 – 1 = 5.85; difference =.63

Jupiter = 8.19; Fib seq. = 8; difference =.19

Saturn = 10; φ^5 – 1 = 10.09; difference =.09

Uranus = 12.01 = φ^5 + 1 = 12.09; difference =.08

Neptune = 13.57; Fib seq. = 13; difference =.57

φ^6 – 1 = 16.94

Fib seq. = 21

φ^7 – 1 = 28.03 = Lunar cycle in days; actual = 28.077 days

I haven’t done the work to determine where Pluto, the Kipper belt, or the Oort cloud reside in the sequence, but I’m sure that they fit in very closely, like the rest of the planets do.

Start with the center circle (Sun) and go 1 unit up. From this point we shift 90 degrees per planet and mark the position at each point. The first number you see after the planets names directly above are the numbers used to plot the points of the spiral.

continue with the 90 degree rotation of the points and you will find that it ends at approximately 4.25 revolutions or basically φ^3 revolutions.

This is the true orientation of our solar system. Even though the planets are moving and rarely align themselves in this exact sequence, the actual distance between them is what is relative to the argument. The mean distance varies do to the elliptical orbits, but not by much on the cosmic scale.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by David J Bills

Art Deco Pottery – 10 Influences

Art Deco pottery was created in a style that followed closely on the heels of Art Nouveau. It was created in France beginning in 1910, spread throughout the world and, then, lost influence with the onset of World War II.

Art Deco was originally called art moderne or art decoritif. This has caused a lot of confusion in the United States because, when Americanized, the term is translated “art modern.” This label became an umbrella term that covered a wide range of ‘modern’ styles related to the Machine Age. Labels like “Jazz Moderne” and “Zig-Zag” Moderne were also commonplace.

The term we use today – ART DECO – didn’t become popular until the 1960s. In its own time, the style was called by the French terms Arte Moderne or Styles Moderne.

Here is a brief discussion relating to 10 historical and stylistic influences on ART DECO POTTERY.

  1. ART POTTERY: Art Pottery first developed in England as a reaction to the industrialization of the ceramics industry. The pottery was made both by individual potters and in specially created studios set up by leading manufacturers. Large, established potteries were quick to adopt some form of handcraft. Soon dozens of potteries sprang up in America. Decoration was based on natural forms and the use of popular glazes like mat green and turquoise.
  2. ART NOUVEAU: Art Nouveau reached its peak in the last decade of the 19th century and continued into the early years of the 20th century. It is known for its distinctive whiplash curves and flowing lines. These were derived from nature and the human figure.
  3. THE ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT: The Arts and Craft Movement was a 19th century social and artistic reform movement. It greatly impacted attitudes toward handcrafted work in England, Europe, and the United States. As with Art Pottery, it developed as a reaction to the mass industrialization which occurred in the mid 18th century.
  4. BALLETS RUSSES: Beginning in 1909 in Paris, the Ballet Russes gained international influence. Stage sets and costumes directly influenced French Art Deco designs in all media. The ballet was known for its use of vibrant colors. It immediately transformed color schemes and strongly affected the decorative styles of the period.
  5. BAUHAUS: The Bauhaus was a school that provided instruction in design and architecture. It was only in existence from 1919-1933, but it has had a lasting influence on Art Deco Pottery. Bauhaus pottery featured unadorned, clean shapes designed for maximum functional efficiency.
  6. CZECH CUBISM: Czech Cubism imbued small scale domestic objects with the monumentality usually reserved for architecture or sculpture, a quality unique among functional ceramics. The style reflected the abstraction of French Cubist paintings filtered through the Bohemian ideology of a group of Czech architects.
  7. DE STIJL: Although the group of Dutch artists and architects who made up the De Stijl confederation were not known for ceramics, their style was influential. They were known for pure geometric forms and primary colors, the very attributes that helped to define the Modernist aesthetic.
  8. DISNEY CARTOON CHARACTERS: The earliest incarnation of Mickey Mouse appeared in 1927. In 1920, Paragon China (a Staffordshire firm) announced that it had signed a deal with Walt Disney for exclusive rights to put cartoon characters on their china. When their rights expired in the mid 1930s, several other companies began featuring the characters.
  9. FUTURISM: The Italian Futurist movement was founded in 1909. Originally a literary movement, it quickly attracted painters and evolved into an exciting approach for arts of all kinds. The Futurists hoped to infiltrate middle class homes with symbols that would transform lifestyles. They were known both for their functional approach and for pure flights of fancy. They created tiles, dishware and vases, and even planned a ceramic road.
  10. THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: The first Revolutionary porcelains were produced in Russia shortly after the October Revolution of 1917. Costly to produce, the work was somewhat out of line with Soviet values. The ceramics have an art world glamor due to the direct involvement of seminal figures in early Modern Art like Vasily Kandinsky.

From the brief discussion above, it is easy to see why Art Deco pottery is so eclectic and glamorous. Many high quality pieces have not yet found their way into private hands, so the work is highly collectible today.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Lisa W. Miller

Where Can We Find Art In Our Day-To-Day Lives?

After the controversial appearance of Marcel Duchamp’s “Fountain” in 1917, the world began to understand that art is not only to be found in a painting or sculpture, but rather can be made from anything around us. Later the enormous success of Pop art developed this theme. In other words, artists showed us that art is everywhere and we just need to train our eyes to see it and discover the potential in our world.

It is some time since art was exclusively the province of galleries and museums. While these remain main centers for art-lovers, the growth of street art, performance art, land art and many other innovative kinds of art have meant that it really can be something we see as we walk down the street, a part of our ordinary lives.

The world continues to change, and we become more demanding in our desire to bring some form of art to normal life. Furniture is carved or molded in unusual and creative ways, light fixtures can become works of art, while we expect a print if not an original work on many of the free walls we see on a regular basis, from our own homes to our offices to the doctor’s surgery.

Art rules our minds, it surrounds us on all sides. Going to work you can listen to a favorite piece of music through your earpieces, you can be inspired by a billboard or a piece of public art, or even recent graffiti. At lunch you may visit a gallery with a friend, or watch an art house film in the evening. One single day can include exposure to – and, if you are aware of it, appreciation of – so many different kinds of art.

Leonardo da Vinci said that there are three types of people: those who see, those who see when they are shown, those who do not see. Contemporary art tries to attract the attention of all these kinds of people, even the last type. Modern art is sometimes bright and flashy, but at the same time it is unexpected, it appears in displays we would never have thought about before.

Art is a way of finding beauty in the world, and adding a sense of joy to our lives. However it can also act as a way of dealing with the problems of existence that have bothered humanity for millennia. In a more abstract sense, it can influence the way you live and make your life itself a recognized thing of value. Somerset Maugham believed that life is an art, that every person creates a work of art just by living.

This is a powerful thing – in letting art become a part of our life and allowing it to form our lives, we can live in a world where everything can be art, or the inspiration for art, and where everyone can in some sense be an artist.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Melville D Jackson

Origami Time Line

Origami is the Japanese art of folding paper into various designs and styles. It can be done with the smallest scraps of paper up to any size paper imaginable, as well as manageable. Almost anything can be created with this amazing art form from birds, to people and even three-dimensional buildings.

The history of Origami is a very long one beginning in China around 100 AD and moving forward to the present day. Here is a brief time line of the history of Origami with some interesting facts along the way:

100 AD

Ts’ai Lun, one of the Chinese Emperors servants, created the art or papermaking in China.

600 AD

Papermaking began to flourish in Japan. During this initial period only the rich could afford paper as the production of it was time consuming and expensive. As time went on and paper production became cheaper and easier, paper folding would become more easily available to people of all classes and income.

800 – 1100 AD

Origami was introduced to the western world, Spain specifically but the Moors who were adept at making geometric models in origami.

1797 AD

The older known book about Origami, “Hiden Senbazuru Orikata” was published for enjoyment and amusement. The translation of this book is “The Secret of One Thousand Cranes Origami”. This title was significant because it was believed that if you created one thousand origami cranes, you would be granted one wish.

1845 AD

The first published collection of origami models, including the frog base, was published under the title “Kan no Mado” or “Window on Midwinter”. This publication began the true boom of origami with people all over the world.

1900 AD

Origami finally spreads to the United States and England where many people begin to practice the art; however, it never really takes off the way it did in Japan. Many people still practice it today in these countries.

1935 AD

A set of symbols is designed to help with the instructions for creating origami by Akira Yoshizawa. He later become know as the master of origami and his designs are still used to this day.

1960 AD

Eleanor Coerr published the book “Sadako and One Thousand Cranes”. This book was linked to the international peace movement as well as the origami crane.

2000 AD

The International Peace Project set about to get people from all over the world to fold one million origami cranes by the year 2000. This was done as a peace demonstration and not only did they achieve their goal, they beat it by some two hundred thousand cranes.

Even in today’s modern world of computers, cell phones and technology, origami still thrives. Many people have taken to technology to improve of the complexity of their designs by using computers to design the needed folds lines to create some truly amazingly complex works of art. Despite being one of the most ancient forms of art, origami still has a home in this modern world and it growing in beauty and skill each and every day.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Rammel Firdaus Ramli

Japanese Symbol For Victory – Use it As a Japanese Tattoo Symbol

Selecting a Japanese symbol for a tattoo design can be a difficult choice. There are a lot of characters to select from, it is worth taking the time to research and know all of the choices. There are a select few tattoo designs that constantly seem to be well-liked. One of these is the Japanese symbol for victory. This article will tell you more about this Japanese character and popular Japanese tattoo symbol.

Victory in Japanese, when used for a tattoo is usually written in Kanji. If you have not studied Japanese, you may not be aware that there are three Japanese writing systems. They are called hiragana, katakana and kanji. Although it is possible to write the word victory in all of the alphabets, on the whole people will prefer to write it in Kanji. Kanji is usually used for concepts and Katakana is as a rule used for Names and foreign words. Kanji is the word in Japanese that is used to refer to chinese characters. These characters were originally simplified from characters brought to Japan from China.

The Japanese symbol for victory actually needs two characters. the first character needs 12 strokes to write it and has the meaning of excel, prevail, victory or winning. The second character is made up of 7 strokes and has the meaning advantage, benefit or profit. Together the two characters have the meaning victory. Many characters can be much simpler and only need one character and a few strokes, so the symbol for victory is more difficult than most. The Japanese word for victory is Shouri. It is pronounced Shou-ri.

Some of the other Japanese characters that are always well-liked for tattoos are also associated to the winning theme. These include spirit, warrior, courage and bravery. If you have researched all of the Japanese characters and still can’t select one, then you could always go for one of the most popular characters, such as love, peace, a family member or even your zodiac symbol.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Emily Kato

3 Things To Know About Tempera Painting

1. What is it?

Tempera is a type of painting medium that consists of a coloured pigment mixed in with a binder, usually an emulsion of water and egg yolk. This type of painting medium is very fast to dry and is very long-lasting. Tempera painting simply refers to paintings done using this sort of medium. The artist will first grind the pigment into a powdered form and will then place a small amount of this on to a palette. Next the artist will add a few drops of distilled water to the pigment. Then the egg yolk binder is added in small amounts until the solution is as transparent as the artist wants it to be. The amount of binder that’s required depends on the pigment being used. While painting, the consistency of the paint needs to be preserved and this can be done simply by adding more water to the paint.

2. When was it used?

Tempera paintings appear to have originated in classical times. There are references to this sort of painting throughout Latin, Greek and ancient Egyptian literature. Numerous important works of art were said to have been made using this medium, so it appears that was quite popular with artists of the time. Some examples of tempera painting from antiquity do survive, such as the ‘Severan Tondo,’ which is a portrait of Septimus Severus, the Roman emperor. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, tempera gradually overtook encaustic as the main painting medium. Encaustic painting is the technique of adding heated beeswax to coloured pigments. Tempera painting became wildly popular throughout Europe and Asia and was favoured by many top artists. However, with the advent of oil painting in the 16th century, tempera painting gradually became less popular, though it is still favoured by some and enjoys revivals from time to time.

3. What are some of its properties?

One of the main properties of tempera paint is that it’s not a flexible painting medium. What this means is that it needs to be applied to solid surfaces; wood panels were commonly used, for example. If it is applied to a softer surface, such as a canvas, it will end up cracking. This paint medium dries very quickly and the colours stay the same over time. Tempera paint can’t be applied in really thick layers, so it can’t produce the same richness of colour that oil paints can. Artists have to work with tempera paint quite quickly as once it’s been prepared, it can’t be stored and has to be used up.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Joanne Perkins

Customer Expectation Spiral

Customers expect more than ever before: better quality, more features, advantages and benefits, more variety, more choices and options, more flexibility, more value for money and above all, more service. Somebody said today’s customers want the universe, gift wrapped, delivered yesterday, which is indeed an exaggeration, because today’s customers are not at all impossible to delight.

The increasing expectations of our customers today follow a spiral. Lets look at the computer hardware industry in India. Years ago customers cared about the availability and reliability of their machines. Issues revolved around, crashing of hard disc, hanging of the software, paper getting struck in the printer etc.

As technology related issues got resolved, expectation followed an upward spiral. Customers bought computers that were faster, smaller, cheaper, and lighter but with larger hard drives, bigger screens, with shorter access time and longer battery life.

In fact today Computers have all the bells and whistles. And what do the customers want ? More Service.

Today leading companies in India like Wipro, HCL, Dell IBM provide:

·       Customer friendly ordering system on the telephone and the web.

·       Expert advice on hardware and software topics

·       Online and over the phone support

·       On-line technical assistance with quick response by e-mail

·       A self service website with FAQs, easy to download software upgrades, user-to-user discussion groups and what not…..

Take a look at the airlines. It used to be safe journey, decent food and an in-flight magazine were all the customers /passengers expected and got. Then airlines started competing on the size and shape of adjustable seats, award winning food and wines, telephones, fax machines, computer games ……..

Today, most airlines, provide newspapers, magazines, audio and video selections, up-to-date news and entertainment, duty free shopping, laptop power points and frequent flier awards.

Some even feature reclining beds…

With so much comfort and equipment, competition is intense. And what do customers want? More Service.

The top international airlines now remember who you are, where you live and all your contact numbers. They automatically book your favorite seat and your choice of meals. 

Winning airlines of the future will go even further. Check in agents and cabin crew will see your digital photo on computer screen prior to your arrival. They will recognize you instantly and welcome you by name. Your preferences for special service will be recorded during the journey and then carried forward to assist the crew in future flights.

Welcome aboard Mr. Gupta. Would you like the Wall Street Journal and a tomato Juice with extra lime before take-off? 

Your personal interests will be matched with special offers. 

Hello Mr. Aggarwal, we are arranging a group vacation to one of our most popular destinations, exclusively for vegetarian scuba divers with young children. Would you be interested in knowing more? 

Step up your service! Lets take our service further up the spiral. It is all about anticipating expectation and provide to the customer, before the customer demands and anybody else does it. This way, we would build strong ‘entry barriers’ for competition.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Harshinder Sharma

Rooster by Picasso

Rooster by Pablo Picasso is a remarkably simple piece which helps to demonstrate the qualities or genius of this famous Spanish artist. Picasso is well remembered today for Rooster and other similar pencil sketches which show off an imaginatively simple portrait of carefully selected animals which the artist felt he could best portray in this style. Roosters clearly have certain key points that help the viewer of the work to distinguish them from other similar birds and animals. Rooster sits with other Picasso sketches as the best examples of his illustration skills, with others including classics like Penguin, Camel, Dog and Cat though the total list is much more considerable.

Pablo Picasso spent his whole life devoted to producing art is as many different formats as possible with little regard for following traditional conventions. Picasso was someone who loved to innovate as best he could and the Cubist modern art movement is the best example of his considerable influence and legacy, with many art fans devoted to studying the best art prints and paintings to have come from this style. Cubism was began by Picasso and a group of other notable artists of that period and many other art movements have since been formed that take great influence from Cubism and the ideas behind it.

Rooster, Penguin, Camel, Dog and Cat all display as a series the skilled ability of Picasso in drawing and illustration. These talents were also put to good use in laying the groundwork for the more complicated oil paintings that would always require a base of sketching at the start. In many ways Rooster helps to communicate the basic skills of Picasso which he would add to in other art mediums.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Tom Gurney

His Most Famous Assemblage (Canyon) – Robert Rauschenberg

Born into a family of Fundamentalist Christians on October 22, 1925, Milton Ernst Rauschenberg or Robert Rauschenberg was one of America’s most prolific and significant artists. He got his art training from the Kansas City Art Institute and at New York’s Art Students League. Robert Rauschenberg hands worked at various creative mediums and styles, such as photography, printmaking, papermaking, performance, and dance. He gained fame in the 1950s for his atypical transition of ‘Abstract Expressionism’ to ‘Pop Art.’ Robert Rauschenberg is well known for his “Combines,” especially “Canyon,” an innovative and somewhat chaotic compilation of painting and sculpture, using eclectic everyday provisions and items.

Robert Rauschenberg’s “Canyon” (1959), a mural ‘Combine,’ is an assemblage of buttons, photographs, a stuffed bald eagle, carrying a rope attached to a pillow that is perched from the main panel and tied to a string. The 87″ x 70″ x 24″ mural is promptly pulled down to the ground with an assured gentle landing. “Canyon” is a soft insinuation towards Rembrandt’s ‘The Rape of Ganymede’ (1635). To maintain a relentless rapport amongst the pictorial subjects in “Canyon,” Rauschenberg delved greatly to bring out new items such as, sheet metal and enamel on wood. The artist once said, “I think a painting is more like the real world if it’s made out of the real world.”

Art that was appealing and interesting, created out of the banal, formed the core & the emphasis of Robert’s creation over beauty, a fact well corroborated through his “Canyon.” The ‘Combine’ employed a broad spectrum of elements, such as oil, house & tube paints, pencil, paper, metal, photographs, fabric, wood on canvas, buttons, mirror, stuffed eagle, cardboard box, pillow, and nails. This diverse work of multiple connotations, unifies just one creative philosophy, that of free & independent randomness. To clear his understanding of art, Robert once commented, “It is neither Art for Art, nor Art against Art. I am for Art, but for Art that has nothing to do with Art. Art has everything to do with life, but it has nothing to do with Art.”

All through his artistic journey, Robert Rauschenberg urged to communicate to the audience through objects and items that played as representational aids, giving American contemporary art and sculpture a new meaning and aspect. Robert Rauschenberg’s other famous assemblages, other than “Canyon” are ‘Gloria’ (1956), ‘Summer Rental III’ (1960), and the famous ‘Monogram’ (1959). The master of creative experimentation, Robert Rauschenberg, died on May 12, 2008 due to heart failure in Captiva Island, Florida. His ‘Contemporary Art’ piece “Canyon” presently graces the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Annette Labedzki

Manga Vs Manhwa

It can get confusing understanding the difference between Manga and Manhwa, although they are quite different. Manga is a Japanese comic book with a particular Japanese animation style while manhwa is a Korean comic book and cartoon. What makes them so distinct while seeming so similar? Here are the facts.

Manga, or when the term outside of Japan is used, is meant to describe a type of Japanese drawing that comes in the form of comic books and print cartoons printed in Japan. Since the 19th Century and shortly after World War II, Manga evolved from an earlier history of Japanese art. Since the 1950s, manga has become more and more popular and in the US and Canada market alone, hit a record $175 million in 2008. While it has grown in popularity worldwide, it is and remains to be a huge part of Japanese culture. People of all ages – not just the younger generation read Manga. Containing subject matter that relates to everyone and anyone including suspense, action/adventure, humor and romance, manga characters have sympathetic human characteristic that readers can relate to.

Manhwa on the other hand has many differences that manga. Manhwa has much of Korea’s history embedded in the artwork and story lines. It has a style like manga, but unlike Japan’s manga, Korean comic animations are still pretty rare in the rest of the world. Manhwa can typically be found in web comics, oriental artistic drawings and print comics. While many of their characters’ features are the same, such as the large eyes and exaggerated face, one major difference between manga and manhwa is manhwa has the tendency to have more lifelike features and be less animated than manga. For example, manga tends to have spiky hair while manhwa has more realistically human hair.

Despite the differences between manga and manhwa, both Japanese and Korean cartoons are making huge strides in international popularity. They have become entertainment that people can relate to, whether they live in Korea, Japan or America and whose success continues to rise.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg



Source by Fabricio Viet Hoang

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